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HISTORY OF THE JESUITS

FOUNDATION

The Jesuits were founded initially as The Company of Jesus on "Assumption Day" August 15, 1534, in a secret ceremony in the crypt of the Chapel of St. Denis by Ignatius of Loyola (born Íñigo López de Loyola) and Francisco Xavier, Alfonso Salmeron, Diego Laínez, and Nicolás Bobadilla all from Spain, Peter Faber from Savoy in France, and Simão Rodrigues from Portugal.The formation was approved by Francis Borja, of the infamous "Borja" also known as Borgia/Borga, Duke of Grandia, grandson of Pope Alexander VI and the patron of Ignatius of Loyola. Francis Borja was the principle financier and architect in the formalization of the Jesuits into the first dedicated military order of monks of the Catholic Church. He was also responsible for securing the Papal Bull Regimini militantis (September 27, 1540) from Borja family friend Alessandro Farnese Pope Paul III which first gave the Jesuits official status as an order. Ignatius of Loyola first came to the attention of the young Duke of Grandia by 1529 after Ignatius was again arrested by the Inquisition for practicing extreme religious devotion. Borja saw potential in the extreme military based devotion being preached by Ignatius of Loyola and his desire to establish an order of military monks. It was the young Borja who saved the life of Ignatius from the Inquisition.

At the death of Ignatius in 1557, Francis Borja was expected to be the second Superior General. However, his ambitions were hampered firstly by arch-enemy Giovanni Pietro Carafa as Pope Paul IV (1555-1559). Carafa had been one of the greatest enemies of Borja Pope Alexander VI and immediately nominated Diego Laynez (James Lainez) as Superior General.Pope Paul IV died in August of 1559 and was replaced by Giovanni Angelo de' Medici (Pope Pius IV). In both cases, Jesuit Superior General Diego Laynez aligned himself closely making him virtually untouchable. However, after Pope Pius IV rounded up and tortured and murdered Benedetto Accolti and other members of Papal families in an alleged failed plot, Cardinal Borja made his move and Pius IV was poisoned to death on December 9, 1565. A few days later, Superior General Diego Laynez suffered the same fate and soon after Cardinal Francis Borja was unanimously elected the third Superior General.


A MILITARY ORDER DEDICATED TO THE OVER-THROW OF PROTESTANT COUNTRIES

Borja strengthened the already substantial powers of the Jesuit Superior General to be greater than any other Order in the history of the Catholic Church. While technically monks, the Constitution of the Order was unique in that it exempted priests from the cloisted rule (i.e. living in monasteries). Instead, Jesuit monks were to live "in the world". Only the Dominican Priests who were the chief torturers of the Inquisition and the Catholic Church at the time had anything like such freedoms. However, the Jesuit Constitution from the very beginning went even further in that it permitted and even encouraged the priests not to wear the habit (traditional monk dress) so that they would "blend in" to the world.

Borja secured a Papal Bull from Pope Paul III in 1545 permitting the Jesuits to preach, hear confession, dispense the sacraments and say mass without having to refer to a bishop- effectively placing them outside the control of the regional clergy. In addition, Borja amended the Constitution of the Jesuit Military Order even further when he bestowed powers to the office of the Superior General of the Jesuits second only to the Pope. By its own constitution from 1565 (and which remains in force even today), the Superior General can absolve priests and new recruits of all their sins, even the sin of heresy and schism, the falsification of apostolic writings. Further, the Superior Generals from the time of Borja onwards had the "official" power by Papal Bull and its by-laws to reverse sentences of excommunication, suspension or interdict and even absolve Jesuit priests guilty of murder and bigamy.

But one of the most stunning victories of Superior General Borja was in the year he died, when he secured under Pope Gregory XIII in 1572 the rights of the Jesuits to deal in commerce and banking - a right that had not been granted to any religious order of the Catholic Church since the Knights Templars four hundred years earlier. In fact, it is these laws under the Constitution of the Jesuit Order that have rise to the Superior General being known as the Black Pope.

INFILTRATION OF EDUCATION

While from its very beginning, the Military Order of Jesuits were architected to be able to undertake all kinds of dangerous missions from assassination, propaganda, forgery and theft, their primary mission was and remains today the complete defeat of all forces in opposition to the authority of the Roman Catholic Pope - specifically the Protestant movement. Even in the 16th Century, the Catholic Church sought to suppress and control trade and education through the combination of Papal law, deeds and occasionally force. In contrast, those states who had rejected the supremacy of the Pope such as England and parts of Germany, France, Eastern and Northern Europe were free to pursue commerce and education without restraint.

Of all the consequences of the Reformation, the most dangerous to the Catholic Church was (and still is) education. It is why the Jesuits were forced to adopt a counter position in education at such an early stage. Using their unheralded powers, the Jesuits established a counter education movement to the Protestants, using their priceless access to the secret Vatican archives, the Jesuits dedicated themselves to manipulating every major stream of science and philosophy against the Protestant intellectuals, including subverting their secret societies.  The recruitment and promotion of Education had a secondary benefit for the Jesuits in that it ensured higher calibre recruits and made their services more attractive across the Catholic world. The Jesuits quickly became known as the Order dedicated to education excellence in Catholic countries, a perverse notion considering their original purpose for existence and structure was military.

INTERNATIONAL TRADE PROFITEERS & SABOTEURS

Another area where the Jesuits sought to compete against the Protestant states early was in the securing of lucrative trade routes. Thanks to Pope Gregory XIII, the Jesuits were the only religious Order with the power to conduct commerce and banking. Jesuit Superior General Claudio Acquaviva (1581 - 1615 ) soon put this to good use when in 1580, he ordered Fr Vilela S.J. to purchase of the port of Nagasaki from a local Japanese warlord. General Acquaviva then sent Alessandro Valignano S.J. back to manage the new commercial mission. The Jesuits promoted heavily the growth of their wholly owned port of Nagasaki, to one of the most profitable trading ports in the world. Jesuit ownership of the port of Nagasaki gave the Society a concrete monopoly in taxation over all imported goods coming into Japan.

The Jesuits under Peter Claver S.J. were also instrumental in the development of the slave trade from Africa to South America to be used in the gold mines. Up to half a million slaves were shipped and arrived under the watch of Peter Claver S. J. Later, the Jesuits transformed Claver from one history's worst slave masters to the patron saint of slaves, Colunbia and African Americans. However, both Spain and Portugal in particular were angry at the increasing wealth and influence of the Jesuits encroaching on their profits from the slaves and monopolization of trade.  In response to the Portuguese seeking to restrict the Jesuits in Japan by arming their enemies, General Claudio Acquaviva formed an alliance in 1595 with the Dutch in supporting their merchant ships and trade. In response to the new alliance, the English Parliament issued a charter granting a monopoly on the pirate trade alliance of the East India Company in 1600.

In 1602, General Claudio Acquaviva assisted the Jesuit merchants to gain a 21 year charter of monopoly from the States-General of the Netherlands to form the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally "United East Indies Company ( Dutch East India Company).  Using the exclusive powers of the Jesuits to conduct banking and commerce, the Dutch East India Company represented one of the most profitable companies of history thanks to its control of spices, slaves, drugs and plantations. The Jesuits only lost control in 1773 at the disbandment of the Order.


JESUITS TURN ON THE PAPACY

While the initial argument of the Jesuits to its involvement in trade was to corrupt and hamper the activities of Protestant trade, in reality it was Catholic nations who were most upset. Added to the Jesuit woes was the increasing danger to the Order from its duties as chief assassins. Every time a new King or Queen died under their watch, the noble families of Europe became more agitated.  But it was the Jesuit control of education and suppression of liberalism that was to lead to their disbandment. While Protestant nations lept ahead in commerce, industry and education, the Catholic states continued to lose control. Spain, Portugal, the states of Italy and even France had all watched with indignity while England, Germany, Russia and the other Northern European states had grown in wealth and prestige.

In 1758 the minister of Joseph I of Portugal (1750–77), the Marquis of Pombal, expelled the Jesuits from Portugal, and shipped them en masse to Civitavecchia, as a "gift for the Pope." In 1764, King Louis XV of France expelled the Jesuits.  By 1769, the movement to expel the Jesuits had grown in such momentum that there was a real risk the Papal Estates might also be taken. Pope Clement XIII called for a consistory in order to disband the Jesuits, including the preparation of a Papal Bull for the pronouncement. But on February 2, 1769 the night before the Bull to disband the Jesuits was due to be promulgated, General Lorenzo Ricci had the Pope murdered.  His successor, Pope Clement XIV, himself trained by the Jesuits, was more strategic. In July 1773, Pope Clement XIV signed the order Dominus ac Redemptor to disband the Jesuits and their churches and assets were seized in simultaneous raids. In exchange, Pope Clement was given back Avignon and Benevento to the Papal states for "services rendered" to the Royal houses.  The suppression took General Ricci completely by surprise but before he could retaliate, he was arrested on August 17 and imprisoned at Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome. But on September 22, 1774 Ricci successfully had Pope Clement XIV assassinated at the age of 68. Ricci remained imprisoned and died there on November 24, 1775 after 15 years as General.


THE JESUIT COUNTER-ATTACK

The imprisonment and death Ricci and the Letter of Suppression did not bring the desired end of the Jesuits. The Letter was valid only in those countries where it was officially promulgated.  Frederick of Prussia recognizing the value of the Jesuits as educators refused to promulgate the Brief. So, too, Catherine II of Russia forbade its promulgation for the some of the same reasons. At first, some Jesuits became parish priests and continued to teach in the Jesuit Colleges as before.

Since they were recognized legally as Jesuits in those two countries, the Fathers in White Russia called a General Congregation—The First in White Russia. They elected as Vicar General the 53-year-old Father Stanislaus Czerniewicz. He was a leading Jesuit of the Province and was Rector at the College at Polotsk.  Stanislaus Czerniewicz died on July 7, 1785 and the Fathers called the Second Congregation of White Russia to elect a successor. They elected as Vicar General Father Gabriel Lenkiewicz on September 27.

Two years after his election, Gabriel Lenkiewicz S.J. seized an opportunity to inflict revenge upon one of the Royal houses of Europe that contributed to the downfall of the Jesuits. Reform minded King Louis XVI of France had convened an Assembly of Notables - a group of some nobles, bourgeoisie, and bureaucrats selected in order to bypass the Parliament, dominated by the noble families. In order to improve the standard of living for the poorest of France and halt growing hunger, the King sought the approval of the Assembly to his plan to tax Noble families and the Catholic Church for the first time. The plan outraged the Catholic Bishops and the Jesuits were called in from Russia to provide assistance on how to subvert the good King's plans.

The Jesuits quickly exploited the King's plan to by-pass the thoroughly corrupt Parliament and began printing pamphlets and anti-Monarch material stating the King was actually working against the common people, because by law one third (The Third Estate) of French Parliament were elected from the common people.  Again exploiting the reform minded King's desire to see change work, the Jesuits promoted open riots and a counter movement, claiming it was really the people who wanted change, not the King. To end the chaos, in 1791, King Louis XVI promulgated a new Constitution in which France would function as a constitutional monarchy - providing real political freedom and democracy for the first time for any mainland European nation.

In response, Pope Pius VI (1775-1799) ordered Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II of Austria to attack his brother in law. By 1792, the Jesuit controlled Jacobites had captured the King and for the following two years during the Jesuit "reign of terror" over 40,000 people were executed, mostly without even a trial. The revolution itself did not at first advance the cause of the Jesuits to see their reinstatement. Instead, it gave renewed confidence to their ability to topple even the oldest of monarchies and so gave rise to the audacious plan to capture the Pope and the wealth of the Catholic Church. In one of the great misdirections and forgeries of history, loyal Jesuit agent Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette known simply to most as "La Fayette" did not simply abandon his loyal troops and influence to hide in the obscure Belgium region of Liège where he was conveniently held "prisoner" for 5 years. Instead, La Fayette was tasked by the Jesuits to take the vast gold reserves of France to America.

In New York, the stolen French gold was placed in the care of the Bank of New York (founded 1784) and the newly formed Bank of the Manhattan Company (now JP Morgan Chase Bank).  Jesuit agent Antoine Christophe Saliceti had carefully groomed the career of fellow Corsican Napoleon Bonaparte for several years. In 1795, whilst serving in Paris, Napoleon succeeded in crushing a rebellion of royalists and counter-revolutionaries and was promoted by the new regime leader Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de Barras (Paul Barras).  After his marriage to Josephine de Beauharnais, Saliceti ensured Napoleon was given command of the French Army of Italy in March 1796 and ordered to invade Italy, specifically to capture the Pope in Rome.

  At the same time, the Jesuits through Switzerland formed the private banks Darier Hentsch & Cie and Lombard Odier Darier Hentsch as custodians for all gold, treasure and contracts seized during the campaign.  However, Pope Pius VI arranged his own peace treaty with Napoleon as Tolentino on February 19, 1797. It took the Jesuits arranging the murder of French brigadier-general Mathurin-Léonard Duphot in Rome, to get Napoleon to finally complete the task of arresting the Pope. Six weeks after the Pope’s transfer to the poor conditions of the citadel of Valence, he died on August 29, 1799.  Back in Rome, the Jesuit agents of Superior General Gabriel Lenkiewicz S.J. reviewed all the treasury notes of the Vatican as to the various locations of Vatican gold and treasure, sending it to Switzerland and Darier Hentsch & Cie Bank. In turn, the bank continued for a time to fund Napoleon for his continued campaigns of conquest.

In November 1798, Gabriel Lenkiewicz S.J. died and on February 1 Father Franz Xavier Kareu was elected Vicar General.


RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF THE JESUITS

At the death of Pius VI in August 1799 as a French prisoner, Cardinal Count Barnaba Chiaramonti was eventually elected as Pope Pius VII on March 14, 1800. While initially on acceptable terms with Napoleon having secured a Concordant in 1801 and attending his coronation in 1804. However, by 1808, he was a prisoner of France, not by Jesuit intrigue but by Napoleon now running his own race. After the disasterous Russian campaign had sufficiently weakened the power of Napoleon, Jesuit leader Tadeusz Brzozowski (first Superior General after restoration) met with Pope Pius VII at his prison in Jan/Feb 1814 and secured an agreement with Pope Pius VII to fully restore the Jesuit Order and grant it new lands and rights in Asia upon the agreement: (1) That the Jesuits would arrange for the safe release of the Pope upon the arrest of Napoleon (which occurred in April 1814); (2) That the Jesuits would not undertake anymore actions against any more Popes and restate their pledge of loyalty; (3) That the Pope get back control of the Papal territories and (4) That some of the funds of the Catholic church controlled by the Vatican would be returned.  Subsequently, the Society was restored to the world by the Papal letter "Solicitudine Omnium Ecclesiarum" on August 14, 1814.  - - MOST EVIL ORGANIZATIONS, One-Evil.Org


REPUTATION OF THE JESUITS


John Adams (1735-1826; 2nd President of the United States)
“My history of the Jesuits is not eloquently written, but it is supported by unquestionable authorities, [and] is very particular and very horrible. Their [the Jesuit Order’s] restoration [in 1814 by Pope Pius VII] is indeed a step toward darkness, cruelty, despotism, [and] death. … I do not like the appearance of the Jesuits. If ever there was a body of men who merited eternal damnation on earth and in hell, it is this Society of [Ignatius de] Loyola.”

Marquis de LaFayette (1757-1834; French statesman and general. He served in the American Continental Army under the command of General George Washington during the American Revolutionary War.) “It is my opinion that if the liberties of this country – the United States of America – are destroyed, it will be by the subtlety of the Roman Catholic Jesuit priests, for they are the most crafty, dangerous enemies to civil and religious liberty. They have instigated MOST of the wars of Europe.”

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865; 16th President of the United States, Note: Please see the end of this document for the full quotation by Lincoln.)
“The war [i.e., the American Civil War of 1861-1865] would never have been possible without the sinister influence of the Jesuits.”

Samuel Morse (1791-1872; American inventor of the telegraph; author of the book Foreign Conspiracy Against the Liberties of the United States) ((Note: For Morse’s full quotation from which this excerpt was taken, please see the end of this document.))
“The Jesuits…are a secret society – a sort of Masonic order – with superadded features of revolting odiousness, and a thousand times more dangerous.”

Edmond Paris (Author of the book The Secret History of the Jesuits)
“The public is practically unaware of the overwhelming responsibility carried by the Vatican and its Jesuits in the starting of the two world wars – a situation which may be explained in part by the gigantic finances at the disposition of the Vatican and its Jesuits, giving them power in so many spheres, especially since the last conflict.”

R. W. Thompson (Ex-Secretary, American Navy)
“[The Jesuits] are the deadly enemies of civil and religious liberty.”

Napoleon Bonaparte; 1769-1821; emperor of the French
“The Jesuits are a MILITARY organization, not a religious order. Their chief is a general of an army, not the mere father abbot of a monastery. And the aim of this organization is power – power in its most despotic exercise – absolute power, universal power, power to control the world by the volition of a single man [i.e., the Black Pope, the Superior General of the Jesuits]. Jesuitism is the most absolute of despotisms [sic] – and at the same time the greatest and most enormous of abuses…”

Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881; famous Russian novelist)
“The Jesuits…are simply the Romish army for the earthly sovereignty of the world in the future, with the Pontiff of Rome for emperor…that’s their ideal. …It is simple lust of power, of filthy earthly gain, of domination – something like a universal serfdom with them [i.e., the Jesuits] as masters – that’s all they stand for. They don’t even believe in God perhaps.”

Robert Jefferson Breckinridge (March 8, 1800 – December 27, 1871) was a politician and Presbyterian minister.
“The Society of Jesus [i.e., the Jesuit Order] is the enemy of man. The whole human race should unite for its overthrow. …For there is no alternative between its total extirpation, and the absolute corruption and degradation of mankind.”

James Parton (American historian)
“If you trace up Masonry, through all its Orders, till you come to the grand tip-top head Mason of the World, you will discover that the dread individual and the Chief of the Society of Jesus [i.e., the Superior General of the Jesuit Order] are one and the same person.”

F. Tupper Saussy (Author of the book Rulers of Evil)
“…The Roman Inquisition…had been administered since 1542 by the Jesuits.”

Pope Clement XIV (Who had “forever” abolished the Jesuit Order in 1773)
“Alas, I knew they [i.e., the Jesuits] would poison me; but I did not expect to die in so slow and cruel a manner.” (1774)

Cusack, M. F. – The Black Pope (1896).pdf
M.F. Cusack (Ex-nun of Kenmore; author of the book The Black Pope)
“In Roman Catholic circles it is well known that the Black Pope is the term used for the [Superior] General of the Jesuits. As the Pope is always robed in white, and the [Jesuit Superior] General in black, the contrast is obvious. But those Romanists who do not greatly love the Jesuits, and their number is not limited, use the term as indicating that the Black Pope rules the White Pope…even while the former [i.e., the Black Pope] is obligated to make, at least, a show of submission to the latter.” (1896)  “…The Jesuits are the only religious order in the Church of Rome…which has lain under the ban of the [‘White’] Pope, or which has been expelled from any country because of its interference in politics. Hence we may expect to find that to obtain political power forms a main feature in the plans of the Society [of Jesus – i.e., the Jesuit Order].” (1896)

Jeremiah J. Crowley (Irishman; ex-priest in the Roman Catholic Church; author of the book Romanism: Menace to the Nation)
“The [Jesuit Superior] General is at the head of this black and mute militia, which thinks, wills, acts, obeys – [as] the passive instrument of his designs. Their whole life must have but one aim – the advancement of the [Jesuit] Order to which they are attached.” (1912)

Friedrich von Hardenberg (German philosopher)
“Never before in the course of the world’s history had such a Society [i.e., the Jesuit Order] appeared. The old Roman Senate itself did not lay schemes for world domination with greater certainty of success.” (1800)

Brigadier General Thomas M. Harris
“The organization of the [Roman Catholic] Hierarchy is a complete military despotism, of which the Pope is the ostensible [i.e., apparent; seeming] head; but of which, the Black Pope [Ed. Note: The Superior General of the Jesuits], is the real head. The Black Pope is the head of the order of the Jesuits, and is called a General [i.e., the Superior General]. He not only has command of his own order, but [also] directs and controls the general policy of the [Roman Catholic] Church. He [the Black Pope] is the power behind the throne, and is the real potential head of the Hierarchy. The whole machine is under the strictest rules of military discipline. The whole thought and will of this machine, to plan, propose and execute, is found in its head. There is no independence of thought, or of action, in its subordinate parts. Implicit and unquestioning obedience to the orders of superiors in authority, is the sworn duty of the priesthood of every grade…”

Adolph Hitler (1889-1945; Nazi leader and chancellor of Germany from 1933-1945)
“Above all I have learned from the Jesuits. And so did Lenin too, as far as I recall. The world has never known anything quite so splendid as the hierarchical structure of the [Roman] Catholic Church. There were quite a few things I simply appropriated from the Jesuits for the use of the [Nazi] Party.
- Adolph Hitler (1889-1945; Nazi leader and chancellor of Germany from 1933-1945)
((Ed. Comment: What follows is a similar quotation of Hitler taken from Edmond Paris’ book The Vatican Against Europe.))

"I have learnt most of all from the Jesuit Order. So far, there has been nothing more imposing on earth than the hierarchical organization of the Catholic Church. A good part of that organization I have transported direct to my own party. The Catholic Church must be held up as an example. I will tell you a secret. I am founding an order. In Himmler (who would become head of the Nazi party) I see our Ignatius de Loyola (Jesuit founder)." 
– Adolph Hitler

Lord Palmerston
“The presence of the Jesuits in any country, Romanist [i.e., Catholic] or Protestant, is likely to breed social disturbance.”

J.E.C. Shepherd (Canadian historian) - “It is impossible to read Elizabethan history [i.e., the history surrounding Queen Elizabeth I of England; queen: 1558-1603] except in the context of an army of Jesuits, masters of deceit, treachery, treason, infiltration, subversion, assassination, insurrection, civil war and coercion, plotting for the good of the papacy, and the defeat of all the Pope’s foes anywhere in the world.” (1987)

 J.E.C. Shepherd (Canadian historian)
"Between 1555 and 1931 the Society of Jesus [i.e., the Jesuit Order] was expelled from at least 83 countries, city states and cities, for engaging in political intrigue and subversion plots against the welfare of the State, according to the records of a Jesuit priest of repute [Thomas J. Campbell]. …Practically every instance of expulsion was for political intrigue, political infiltration, political subversion, and inciting to political insurrection." (1987)

Dr. Leonard Horowitz, author of the book Emerging Viruses: AIDS and Ebola -  “The [German General Reinhard] Gehlen Org, the German Intelligence Agency run by [Knight of Malta] Reinhard Gehlen, was even more powerful than the Merk net. The Org superseded even the Nazi SS… In fact, Gehlen’s organization is largely credited for giving rise to the CIA…to shield Gehlen and the entire German Intelligence network from harm’s way. Gehlen was a ranking official in the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), which maintained inconceivable financial support and political influence… Somehow I wasn’t surprised to learn that financial motives…were at the heart of the SMOM and the Nazi-American alliance… Soon after the war, OSS [i.e., Office of Strategic Services – the forerunner to the CIA] found the extensive documentation of a meeting...between representatives of the [Nazi] SS…and firms like…I.G. Farben… [The] world’s masses knew nothing about the partnership, formed between John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company, Germany’s I.G. Farben, and Hitler’s Third Reich. The ‘pirates of Wall Street’, Allen and John Foster Dulles, of the law firm Sullivan & Cromwell, had secretly negotiated the alliance. It was not known to allied airmen, flying bombing missions over Germany, why the I.G. Farben plants, where Hitler’s munitions were made, were exempted from attack. Likewise, when the I.G. Farben – Rockefeller Consortium used concentration camp victims as slaves to build and run their factories it never made the news… Nor was it heralded that this same TEAM patented and sold the gas that the Nazis used in the concentration camps to send millions to their graves. Recent headlines have asked to know where the Nazi gold went. Historians only recently recorded that the Rockefeller’s Chase Bank [manned by a high Knight of Malta, Joseph J. Larkin] was among the largest recipients…”

Emanuel M. Josephson (American physician and historian) - “[Wherever] a totalitarian movement erupts, whether Communist or Nazi [Fascist], a Jesuit can be found in the role of ‘adviser’ or leader; in Cuba [it was] [Jesuit-trained] Castro’s ‘Father’ Armando Llorente…”

 Theodor Griesinger (German historian; 1873) - “The whole frightful responsibility for this terrible Thirty Years’ War [1618-1648] must rest upon the [Holy Roman] Emperor Ferdinand II, and his teachers, rulers, and bosom friends – the Sons of Loyola [i.e., the Jesuit Order].”

Boyd Barrett (Ex-Jesuit) - “The Jesuit Order at last reached the pinnacle of its power and prestige in the early eighteenth century [i.e., the early 1700s]. It had become more influential and more wealthy than any other organization in the world. It held a position in world affairs that no oath-bound group of men has ever held before or since… ‘Nearly all the Kings and Sovereigns of Europe had only Jesuits as directors of their consciences [i.e., as confessor-priests], so that the whole of Europe appeared to be governed by Jesuits only.’” (1927; using a short quote by Jesuit Cordara)

James Parton (American historian) - “If you trace up Masonry, through all its Orders, till you come to the grand tip-top head Mason of the World, you will discover that the dread individual and the Chief of the Society of Jesus [i.e., the Superior General of the Jesuit Order] are one and the same person.”

M.F. Cusack (Ex-nun of Kenmore; author of the book The Black Pope) - “In Roman Catholic circles it is well known that the Black Pope is the term used for the [Superior] General of the Jesuits. As the Pope is always robed in white, and the [Jesuit Superior] General in black, the contrast is obvious. But those Romanists who do not greatly love the Jesuits, and their number is not limited, use the term as 

M.F. Cusack - “…The Jesuits are the only religious order in the Church of Rome…which has lain under the ban of the [‘White’] Pope, or which has been expelled from any country because of its interference in politics. Hence we may expect to find that to obtain political power forms a main feature in the plans of the Society [of Jesus – i.e., the Jesuit Order].” (1896)

 Luigi Desanctis (Official Censor of the Inquisition) - “All these things cause the Father-General [of the Jesuits] to be feared by the Pope and sovereigns… A sovereign who is not their [the Jesuits’] friend will sooner or later experience their vengeance.” (1852)

Robert J. Breckinridge (author) - “The Society of Jesus [i.e., the Jesuit Order] is the enemy of man. The whole human race should unite for its overthrow. …For there is no alternative between its total extirpation, and the absolute corruption and degradation of mankind.”

“I [Roman Catholic Bishop Palafox] found almost all the wealth…and all the treasures of the Province of America in the hands of the Jesuits… ((Ed. Comment: I assume the Bishop is talking specifically about SOUTH America.))

Roman Catholic Bishop Palafox (from a letter of his in 1647) - All this property and all these considerable revenues which might make a sovereign powerful, serve no other purpose than to maintain ten [Jesuit] colleges… To this may be added the extraordinary skill with which they [the Jesuits] make use of and increase their super-abundant wealth. They maintain public warehouses, cattle fairs, butcher-stalls, and shops… They lend out their money for usury, and thus cause the greatest loss and injury to others.”

Avro Manhatten (author; from his book The Dollar and the Vatican) - “For the Vatican [Ed. Comment: Even then controlled by the Black Pope and his Jesuit Order] condemned the Declaration of Independence as ‘wickedness’…and called the Constitution of the United States ‘a Satanic document’.” 

 Jeremiah J. Crowley (Irishman; ex-priest in the Roman Catholic Church; author of the book Romanism: Menace to the Nation) - “The [Jesuit Superior] General is at the head of this black and mute militia, which thinks, wills, acts, obeys – [as] the passive instrument of his designs. Their whole life must have but one aim – the advancement of the [Jesuit] Order to which they are attached.” (1912)

William Sutton (Author of The New Age Movement and The Illuminati 666) - “History books will tell us that the French Revolution first began in 1787 or 1789, depending on which book you read. However, it was actually planned by [Jesuit] Dr. Adam Weishaupt and the House of Rothschild almost 20 years before the Revolution took place.”

Hector Macpherson (Author of the book The Jesuits in History) - “They [i.e., the Jesuits] have so constantly mixed themselves up in court and state intrigues that they must, in justice, be reproached with striving after world dominion. They cost kings their lives, not on the scaffold, but by assassination, and equally hurtful as the society of Illuminati; they were the foremost among the crowd, at all events, who applauded the murder scenes in Paris [during the French Revolution].”

Bill Hughes (Author of The Secret Terrorists and The Enemy Unmasked) - “[Jesuit Adam] Weishaupt established the [modern version of the] Illuminati specifically to be a front organization behind which the Jesuits could hide. After being [formally] abolished by [Pope] Clement XIV in 1773, the Jesuits used the Illuminati and other organizations to carry out their operations. Thus, the front organizations would be blamed for the trouble caused by the Jesuits.”

Bill Hughes (From his book The Enemy Unmasked) - The following sources [Ed. Note: Bill Hughes lists a number of books in later paragraphs] indicate that [Jesuit] Adam Weishaupt and the Rothschilds were the brains and the wealth behind the French Revolution.”

The True origin of Scottish Rite Freemasonry According to the Masonic Quiz Book: Ask Me Another, Brother by William Peterson
"The Jesuits wrote the first 25 rites of Scottish Freemasonry in then College de Clermont in Paris in 1754"  "Chevalier de Bonneville [like the Bonneville automobile manufactured by Chevrolet/General Motors] formed a chapter of twenty-five Degrees of the so-called High-Degrees in the College of Jesuits of Clermont, in Paris in 1754. The adherents of the House of Stuart had made the college of Clermont their asylum, they being mostly Scotchmen. One of these Degrees being the "Scottish Master," the new body organized in Charleston, S.C., in 1801, gave the name of Scottish Rite to these Degrees, which name ever since that time has characterized the Rite all over the world."  In a letter written by Charles Sotheran addressed to the New York Press Club, dated January 11, 1877,: "It is curious to note too that most of the bodies which work these, such as the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, the Rite of Avignon, the Order of the Temple, Fesslor's Rite, the 'Grand Council of the Emperors of the East and West Sovereign Prince Masons', etc., etc., are nearly all the offspring of the sons of Ignatius Loyola. The Baron Hundt, Chevalier Ramsey, Tschoudy, Zinnendorf, and numerous others, who founded the grades in these rites, worked under instructions from the General of the Jesuits. The nest where these high degrees were hatched, and no Masonic rite is free from their baleful influence more or less, was the Jesuit College of Clermont at Paris."

John C. Gannon is a member of the Jesuit Volunteer Corps meaning he is admittedly a Temporal Coadjutor as well as a lay Jesuit. Gannon is the founder of the Department of Homeland Security so while Papal Court Jew Chertoff is visible, Gannon is his boss and that of SMOM Emilio T. Gonzalez.  Knight of Malta Emilio T. Gonzalez is the head of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services for the Jesuits' Department of Homeland Security and he answers to Edward Cardinal Egan. The connection between the American Fourth Reich's DHS, SMOM and Georgetown University is undeniable.  - Former Priest, Nic Rivera

Thomas Carlyle,"The Roman Catholic Church in Italy" by Alexander Robertson, DD (1903) Page 101 of said book: "Men had served the devil, and men had very imperfectly served God, but to think that God could be served more perfectly by taking the devil into partnership---this was a novelty of St. Ignatius,"   "The Power of the Inquisitor." from "The Devil in the Church and his Snares Laid to Destroy
our Public Schools" Pgs 173-174

From the Directory for the Inquisitors. Part III

Question 32. "An inquisitor may force the governors of cities to swear that they will defend the Church against heretics." -- Page 560
Question 43. "Inquisitors may proceed against the dead, who before or after their death were reported to them as guilty of heretical depravity." --Page 570
Question 56. "Inquisitors may proceed to execute their office with an armed force." -- Page 583.
Question 57. "Inquisitors, to seize heretics or their favorers, may demand the aid of the civil authority." --Page 585.
Question 62. "Inquisitors may coerce witness to swear that they will testify to the truth, and should frequently examine them." --Page 600.
Question 65. "Inquisitors may lawfully admit perjured persons to testify and act in cases concerning the faith." -- Page 605.
Question 66. "Inquisitors may lawfully receive infamous persons, and criminals, or servants against their masters, both to act and give evidence in causes respecting the faith." --Page 606.
Question 68. "An inquisitor must not admit a heretic to testify in a cause of faith against or for a believer." -- Page 611.
Question 69 "Inquisitors may allow heretics to witness against heretics, but not for them." -- Page 612.
Question 73. "Inquisitors may torture witnesses to obtain truth, and punish them if they have given false evidence." -- Page 622. 
Question 74. "Inquisitors may cite and coerce the attendance of witnesses, and also persons charges with heretical depravity in different dioceses." --Page 626.
Question 93. "Penitent heretics may be condemned to perpetual imprisonment." --Page 641.
Question 108. "Inquisitors may provide for their own expenditures, and salaries of their officers, from the property of heretics." --Page 652.
Question 110. "Prelates or inquisitors may confiscate the property of impenitent heretics, or of persons relapsed." --Page 662.

The Duke of Richmond, formerly Governor General of Canada, said: "The government of the United States is weak, inconsistent and bad; it must and will be destroyed. So long as it exists, no prince in Europe will be safe on his throne. The sovereigns of Europe are aware of this, and are determined upon it's destruction. They have come to an understanding upon this subject, and decided on the means to accomplish it. They will eventually succeed by subversion, rather than conquest. All the low population of Europe will be carried into America---it will be a receptacle for the bad and disaffected. This will create a surplus, a heterogeneous population, speaking a different language--of different religion and sentiments---they will carry with them their principles--will adhere to their former governments, laws, manners, customs and religion--speak of them among the nations, some will join with them---and they will become citizens---discord and civil war will follow---some popular man will take the lead to restore order---the European sovereigns will aid him---all the ignorant will join, and the government will be subverted."

Hector Macpherson, The Jesuits in History (Edinburgh: Macniven and Wallace, 1914): 148:
Jesuitism is the power behind the Papal throne. "The presence of the Jesuits In any country, Romanist or Protestant," once remarked Lord Palmerston, " Is likely to breed social disturbance." So hurtful was the Jesuit Order found to be that, up to 1860, it was expelled no fewer than seventy times from countries which has suffered from its machinations.

Edwin A. Sherman (former 32-degree Freemason), The Engineer Corps of Hell (1883) 92:
The assassins of St. Bartholomew, the inquisitors and the Jesuits are monsters produced by malignant imaginations; they are the natural allies of the spirit of darkness and of death; the religion of Christ, entirely to the contrary, is the sublime revelation of the life and of the light.

Pastor Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, Papism in the XIX Century, in the United States (D. Owen, 1841): 206:
The society of Jesus is the enemy of man. The whole human race should unite for its overthrow. Earth and heaven should rejoice together over its tomb.—For there is no alternative between its total extirpation, and the absolute corruption and degradation of mankind.

J. Wayne Laurens, The Crisis in America: or the Enemies of America Unmasked (G. D. Miller, 1855): 265-267:
They are Jesuits. This society of men, after exerting their tyranny for upwards of two hundred years, at length became so formidable to the world, threatening the entire subversion of all social order, that even the Pope, whose devoted subjects they are, and must be, by the vow of their society, was compelled to dissolve them [Pope Clement suppressed the Jesuit Order in 1773].  They had not been suppressed, however, for fifty years, before the waning influence of Popery and Despotism required their useful labors, to resist the light of Democratic liberty, and the Pope [Pius VII] simultaneously with the formation of the Holy Alliance, [1815] revived the order of the Jesuits in all their power…they are a secret society, a sort of Masonic order, with super added features of revolting odiousness, and a thousand times more dangerous.  They are not merely priests, or of one religious creed; they are merchants, and lawyers, and editors, and men of any profession, having no outward badge by which to be recognized; they are about in all your society. They can assume any character, that of angels of light, or ministers of darkness, to accomplish their one great end…  They are all educated men, prepared and sworn to start at any moment, and in any direction, and for any service, commanded by the general of their order, bound to no family, community, or country, by the ordinary ties which bind men; and sold for life to the cause of the Roman 

Pontiff.iv Luigi Desanctis (Official Censor of the Inquisition; 1852):
All these things cause the Father-General [of the Jesuits] to be feared by the Pope and sovereigns… A sovereign who is not their friend will sooner or later experience their vengeance.v

J. E. C. Shepherd (Canadian historian), The Babington Plot: Jesuit Intrigue in Elizabethan England (Toronto, Canada: Wittenburg Publications, 1987): 9:
The term ‘Jesuit’ has become synonymous with terms like deceit, chicanery, infiltration, intrigue, subversion…many organized Jesuits have been justly described as treacherous, traitorous workers, seducing many in the service of the Roman Pontiff away from national allegiance…

Ellen White, The Great Controversy (Pacific Press Publishing, 1911): 234-235:
Throughout Christendom, Protestantism was menaced by formidable foes. The first triumphs of the Reformation past, Rome summoned new forces, hoping to accomplish its destruction. At this time the order of the Jesuits was created, the most cruel, unscrupulous, and powerful of all the champions of popery. Cut off from earthly ties and human interests, dead to the claims of natural affection, reason and conscience wholly silenced, they knew no rule, no tie, but that of their order, and no duty but to extend its power. The gospel of Christ had enabled its adherents to meet danger and endure suffering, undismayed by cold, hunger, toil, and poverty, to uphold the banner of truth in face of the rack, the dungeon, and the stake. To combat these forces, Jesuitism inspired its followers with a fanaticism that enabled them to endure like dangers, and to oppose to the power of truth all the weapons of deception. There was no crime too great for them to commit, no deception too base for them to practice, no disguise too difficult for them to assume. Vowed to perpetual poverty and humility, it was their studied aim to secure wealth and power, to be devoted to the overthrow of Protestantism, and the re-establishment of the papal supremacy. When appearing as members of their order, they wore a garb of sanctity, visiting prisons and hospitals, ministering to the sick and the poor, professing to have renounced the world, and bearing the sacred name of Jesus, who went about doing good. But under this blameless exterior the most criminal and deadly purposes were often concealed. It was a fundamental principle of the order that the end justifies the means. By this code, lying, theft, perjury, assassination, were not only pardonable but commendable, when they served the interests of the church. Under various disguises the Jesuits worked their way into offices of state, climbing up to be the counselors of kings, and shaping the policy of nations. They became servants to act as spies upon their masters. They established colleges for the sons of princes and nobles, and schools for the common people; and the children of Protestant parents were drawn into an observance of popish rites.  All the outward pomp and display of the Romish worship was brought to bear to confuse the mind and dazzle and captivate the imagination, and thus the liberty for which the fathers had toiled and bled was betrayed by the sons. The Jesuits rapidly spread themselves over Europe, and wherever they went, there followed a revival of popery... To give them greater power, a bull was issued re-establishing the Inquisition. Notwithstanding the general abhorrence with which it was regarded, even in Catholic countries, this terrible tribunal was again set up by popish rulers, and atrocities too terrible to bear the light of day were repeated in its secret dungeons. In many countries, thousands upon thousands of the very flower of the nation, the purest and noblest, the most intellectual and highly educated, pious and devoted pastors, industrious and patriotic citizens, brilliant scholars, talented artists, skillful artisans, were slain, or forced to flee to other lands...Such were the means which Rome had invoked to quench the light of the Reformation, to withdraw from men the Bible, and to restore the ignorance and superstition of the Dark Ages. But under God’s blessing and the labors of those noble men whom he had raised up to succeed Luther, Protestantism was not overthrown.


THE TRUTH ABOUT THE "JESUIT SLAVE TRADE"



Avery Cardinal Dulles makes the following observations about the Catholic Church and the institution of slavery

1. For many centuries the Church was part of a slave-holding society.

2. The popes themselves held slaves, including at times hundreds of Muslim captives to man their galleys.

3. Throughout Christian antiquity and the Middle Ages, theologians generally followed St. Augustine in holding that although slavery was not written into the natural moral law it was not absolutely forbidden by that law.

4. St. Thomas Aquinas, Luther, and Calvin were all Augustinian on this point. Although the subjection of one person to another was not part of the primary intention of the natural law, St. Thomas taught, it was appropriate and socially useful in a world impaired by original sin.

5. No Father or Doctor of the Church was an unqualified abolitionist.

6. No pope or council ever made a sweeping condemnation of slavery as such.

7. But they constantly sought to alleviate the evils of slavery and repeatedly denounced the mass enslavement of conquered populations and the infamous slave trade, thereby undermining slavery at its sources.[55]


Slavery and Middle Ages serfdom were not synonymous, nor was serfdom the evolution of slavery. Serfs chose whom they married, they did not have their families broken up, they paid rent for their land and worked the land at their own pace. Under the agreement that serfs owed their lord a set amount of labor per year, it was agreed upon beforehand and looked similar to hired labor. Serfs rented land from lords, but feudalism was a mutual obligation, not brutal ownership. Lords also upheld their end of a contract to those renting their land - Rodney Stark, The Victory of Reason (2005), page 27-28


THE MASONS AND THE VATICAN

THE HOLY ALLIANCE - TIME MAGAZINE ARTICLE



" The key Administration players were all devout Roman Catholics -- CIA chief William Casey, Allen, Clark, Haig, Walters and William Wilson, Reagan's first ambassador to the Vatican.
They regarded the U.S.-Vatican relationship as a holy alliance:...."

Time Magazine
February 24, 1992
Cover Story
The Holy Alliance
SPECIAL REPORT

PAGE 28
Faced with a military crackdown in Poland, Ronald Reagan and John Paul II secretly joined forces 
to keep the Solidarity union alive. They hoped not only to pressure Warsaw but to free all of Eastern Europe.
By Carl Bernstein

Only President Ronald Reagan and Pope John Paul II were present in the Vatican Library on Monday, June 7, 1982. It was the first time the two had met, and they talked for 50 minutes. In the same wing of the papal apartments, Agostino Cardinal Casaroli and Archbishop Achille Silvestrini met with Secretary of State Alexander Haig and Judge William Clark, Reagan's National Security Adviser. Most of their discussion focused on Israel's invasion of Lebanon, then in its second day; Haig told them Prime Minister Menachem Begin had assured him that the invasion would not go farther than 25 miles inside Lebanon.

But Reagan and the Pope spent only a few minutes reviewing events in the Middle East. Instead they remained focused on a subject much closer to their heart: Poland and the Soviet dominance of Eastern Europe. In that meeting, Reagan and the Pope agreed to undertake a clandestine campaign to hasten the dissolution of the communist empire. Declares Richard Allen, Reagan's first National Security Adviser: "This was one of the great secret alliances of all time."
The operation was focused on Poland, the most populous of the Soviet satellites in Eastern Europe and the birthplace of John Paul II. Both the Pope and the President were convinced that Poland could be broken out of the Soviet orbit if the Vatican and the U.S. committed their resources to destabilizing the Polish government and keeping the outlawed Solidarity movement alive after the declaration of martial law in 1981.

Until Solidarity's legal status was restored in 1989 it flourished underground, supplied, nurtured and advised largely by the network established under the auspices of Reagan and John Paul II. Tons of equipment--fax machines (the first in Poland), printing presses, transmitters, telephones, shortwave radios, video cameras, photocopiers, telex machines, computers, word processors--were smuggled into Poland via channels established by priests and American agents and representatives of the AFL-CIO and European labor movements. Money for the banned union came from CIA funds, the National Endowment for Democracy, secret accounts in the Vatican and Western trade unions.

Lech Walesa and other leaders of Solidarity received strategic advice--often conveyed by priests or American and European labor experts working undercover in Poland--that reflected the thinking of the Vatican and the Reagan Administration. As the effectiveness of the resistance grew, the stream of information to the West about the internal decisions of the Polish government and the contents of Warsaw's communications with Moscow became a flood. The details came not only from priests but also from spies within the Polish government.

Down with Yalta

According to aides who shared their leaders' view of the world, Reagan and John Paul II refused to accept a fundamental political fact of their lifetimes: the division of Europe as mandated at Yalta and the communist dominance of Eastern Europe. A free, non communist Poland, they were convinced, would be a dagger to the heart of the Soviet empire; and if Poland became democratic, other East European states would follow.

"We both felt that a great mistake had been made at Yalta and something should be done," Reagan says today. "Solidarity was the very weapon for bringing this about, because it was an organization of the laborers of Poland." Nothing quite like Solidarity had ever existed in Eastern Europe, Reagan notes, adding that the workers' union "was contrary to anything the Soviets would want or the communists [in Poland] would want."

According to Solidarity leaders, Walesa and his lieutenants were aware that both Reagan and John Paul II were committed to Solidarity's survival, but they could only guess at the extent of the collaboration. "Officially I didn't know the church was working with the U.S.," says Wojciech Adamiecki, the organizer and editor of underground Solidarity newspapers and now a counselor at the Polish embassy in Washington. "We were told the Pope had warned the Soviets that if they entered Poland he would fly to Poland and stay with the Polish people. The church was of primary assistance. It was half open, half secret. Open as far as humanitarian aid--food, money, medicine, doctors' consultations held in churches, for instance--and secret as far as supporting political activities: distributing printing machines of all kinds, giving us a place for underground meetings, organizing special demonstrations."

At their first meeting, Reagan and John Paul II discussed something else they had in common: both had survived assassination attempts only six weeks apart in 1981, and both believed God had saved them for a special mission. "A close friend of Ronald Reagan's told me the President said, `Look how the evil forces were put in our way and how Providence intervened,'" says Pio Cardinal Laghi, the former apostolic delegate to Washington. According to National Security Adviser Clark, the Pope and Reagan referred to the "miraculous" fact that they had survived. Clark said the men shared "a unity of spiritual view and a unity of vision on the Soviet empire: that right or correctness would ultimately prevail in the divine plan."

"Reagan came in with very simple and strongly held views," says Admiral Bobby Inman, former deputy director of the CIA. "It is a valid point of view that he saw the collapse [of communism] coming and he pushed it--hard." During the first half of 1982, a five-part strategy emerged that was aimed at bringing about the collapse of the Soviet economy, fraying the ties that bound the U.S.S.R. to its client states in the Warsaw Pact and forcing reform inside the Soviet empire. Elements of that strategy included:

-- The U.S. defense buildup already under way, aimed at making it too costly for the Soviets to compete militarily with the U.S. Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative--Star Wars--became a centerpiece of the strategy.
-- Covert operations aimed at encouraging reform movements in Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Poland.
-- Financial aid to Warsaw Pact nations calibrated to their willingness to protect human rights and undertake political and free-market reforms.
-- Economic isolation of the Soviet Union and the withholding of Western and Japanese technology from Moscow. The Administration focused on denying the U.S.S.R. what it had hoped would be its principal source of hard currency in the 21st century: profits from a transcontinental pipeline to supply natural gas to Western Europe. The 3,600-mile-long pipeline, stretching from Siberia to France, opened on time on Jan. 1, 1984, but on a far smaller scale than the Soviets had hoped.
-- Increased use of Radio Liberty, Voice of America and Radio Free Europe to transmit the Administration's messages to the peoples of Eastern Europe.

Yet in 1982 neither Reagan nor the Pope could anticipate the accession of a Soviet leader like Mikhail Gorbachev, the father of glasnost and perestroika; his efforts at reform unleashed powerful forces that spun out of his control and led to the breakup of the Soviet Union. The Washington-Vatican alliance "didn't cause the fall of communism," observes a U.S. official familiar with the details of the plot to keep Solidarity alive. "Like all great and lucky leaders, the Pope and the President exploited the forces of history to their own ends."

The Crackdown

The campaign by Washington and the Vatican to keep Solidarity alive began immediately after General Wojciech Jaruzelski declared martial law on Dec. 13, 1981. In those dark hours, Poland's communications with the noncommunist world were cut; 6,000 leaders of Solidarity were detained; hundreds were charged with treason, subversion and counterrevolution; nine were killed; and the union was banned. But thousands of others went into hiding, many seeking protection in churches, rectories and with priests. Authorities took Walesa into custody and interned him in a remote hunting lodge.
Shortly after Polish security forces moved into the streets, Reagan called the Pope for his advice. At a series of meetings over the next few days, Reagan discussed his options. "We had a massive row in the Cabinet and the National Security Council about putting together a menu of counteractions," former Secretary of State Haig recalls. "They ranged from sanctions that would have been crushing in their impact on Poland to talking so tough that we would have risked creating another situation like Hungary in '56 or Czechoslovakia in '68."
Haig dispatched Ambassador at Large Vernon Walters, a devout Roman Catholic, to meet with John Paul II. Walters arrived in Rome soon after, and met separately with the Pope and with Cardinal Casaroli, the Vatican secretary of state. Both sides agreed that Solidarity's flame must not be extinguished, that the Soviets must become the focus of an international campaign of isolation, and that the Polish government must be subjected to moral and limited economic pressure.

According to U.S. intelligence sources, the Pope had already advised Walesa through church channels to keep his movement operating underground, and to pass the word to Solidarity's 10 million members not to go into the streets and risk provoking Warsaw Pact intervention or civil war with Polish security forces. Because the communists had cut the direct phone lines between Poland and the Vatican, John Paul II communicated with Jozef Cardinal Glemp in Warsaw via radio. He also dispatched his envoys to Poland to report on the situation. "The Vatican's information was absolutely better and quicker than ours in every respect," says Haig. "Though we had some excellent sources of our own, our information was taking too long to filter through the intelligence bureaucracy."
In the first hours of the crisis, Reagan ordered that the Pope receive as quickly as possible relevant American intelligence, including information from a Polish Deputy Minister of Defense who was secretly reporting to the CIA. Washington also handed over to the Vatican reports and analysis from Colonel Ryszard Kuklinski, a senior member of the Polish general staff, who was a CIA informant until November 1981, when he had to be smuggled out of Poland after he warned that the Soviets were prepared to invade if the Polish government did not impose martial law. Kuklinski had issued a similar warning about a Soviet military action in late 1980, which led the outgoing Carter Administration to send secret messages to Leonid Brezhnev informing him that among the costs of an invasion would be the sale of sophisticated U.S. weapons to China. This time, Kuklinski reported to Washington, Brezhnev had grown more impatient, and a disastrous harvest at home meant that the Kremlin did not need mechanized army units to help bring in the crops and instead could spare them for an invasion. "Anything that we knew that we thought the Pope would not be aware of, we certainly brought it to his attention," says Reagan. "Immediately."

The Catholic Team

The key Administration players were all devout Roman Catholics--CIA chief William Casey, Allen, Clark, Haig, Walters and William Wilson, Reagan's first ambassador to the Vatican. They regarded the U.S.-Vatican relationship as a holy alliance: the moral force of the Pope and the teachings of their church combined with their fierce anticommunism and their notion of American democracy. Yet the mission would have been impossible without the full support of Reagan, who believed fervently in both the benefits and the practical applications of Washington's relationship with the Vatican. One of his earliest goals as President, Reagan says, was to recognize the Vatican as a state "and make them an ally."

According to Admiral John Poindexter, the military assistant to the National Security Adviser when martial law was declared in Poland, Reagan was convinced that the communists had made a huge miscalculation: after allowing Solidarity to operate openly for 16 months before the crackdown, the Polish government would only alienate its countrymen by attempting to cripple the labor movement and, most important, would bring the powerful church into direct conflict with the Polish regime. "I didn't think that this [the decision to impose martial law and crush Solidarity] could stand, because of the history of Poland and the religious aspect and all," Reagan says. Says Cardinal Casaroli: "There was a real coincidence of interests between the U.S. and the Vatican."
The major decisions on funneling aid to Solidarity and responding to the Polish and Soviet governments were made by Reagan, Casey and Clark, in consultation with John Paul II. "Reagan understood these things quite well, including the covert side," says Richard Pipes, the conservative Polish-born scholar who headed the NSC's Soviet and East European desks. "The President talked about the evil of the Soviet system--not its people--and how we had to do everything possible to help these people in Solidarity who were struggling for freedom. People like Haig and Commerce Secretary Malcolm Baldrige and James Baker [White House chief of staff at the time] thought it wasn't realistic. George Bush never said a word. I used to sit behind him, and I never knew what his opinions were. But Reagan really understood what was at stake."

By most accounts, Casey stepped into the vacuum in the first days after the declaration of martial law in Poland and--as he did in Central America--became the principal policy architect. Meanwhile Pipes and the NSC staff began drafting proposals for sanctions. "The object was to drain the Soviets and to lay blame for martial law at their doorstep," says Pipes. "The sanctions were coordinated with Special Operations [the CIA division in charge of covert task forces], and the first objective was to keep Solidarity alive by supplying money, communications and equipment."

"The church was trying to modulate the whole situation," explains one of the NSC officials who directed the effort to curtail the pipeline. "They [church leaders] were in effect trying to create circumstances that would head off the serious threat of Soviet intervention while allowing us to get tougher and tougher; they were part and parcel of virtually all of our deliberations in terms of how we viewed the evolution of government-sponsored repression in Poland--whether it was lessening or getting worse, and how we should proceed."

As for his conversations with Reagan about Poland, Clark says they were usually short. "I don't think I ever had an in-depth, one-on-one, private conversation that existed for more than three minutes with him--on any subject. That might shock you. We had our own code of communication. I knew where he wanted to go on Poland. And that was to take it to its nth possibilities. The President and Casey and I discussed the situation on the ground in Poland constantly: covert operations; who was doing what, where, why and how; and the chances of success." According to Clark, he and Casey directed that the President's daily brief--the PDB, an intelligence summary prepared by the CIA--include a special supplement on secret operations and analysis in Poland.

The Pope himself, not only his deputies, met with American officials to assess events in Poland and the effectiveness of American actions and sent back messages--sometimes by letter, sometimes orally--to Reagan. On almost all his trips to Europe and the Middle East, Casey flew first to Rome, so that he could meet with John Paul II and exchange information. But the principal emissary between Washington and Rome remained Walters, a former deputy director of the CIA who worked easily with Casey. Walters met with the Pope perhaps a dozen times, according to Vatican sources. "Walters was sent to and from the Vatican for the specific purpose of carrying messages between the Pope and the President," says former U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican Wilson. "It wasn't supposed to be known that Walters was there. It wasn't all specifically geared to Poland; sometimes there were also discussions about Central America or the hostages in Lebanon."

Often in the Reagan years, American covert operations (including those in Afghanistan, Nicaragua and Angola) involved "lethal assistance" to insurgent forces: arms, mercenaries, military advisers and explosives. In Poland the Pope, the President and Casey embarked on the opposite path: "What they had to do was let the natural forces already in place play this out and not get their fingerprints on it," explains an analyst. What emerges from the Reagan-Casey collaboration is a carefully calibrated operation whose scope was modest compared with other CIA activities. "If Casey were around now, he'd be having some smiles," observes one of his reluctant admirers. "In 1991 Reagan and Casey got the reordering of the world that they wanted."

The Secret Directive

Less than three weeks before his meeting with the Pope in 1982, the President signed a secret national-security-decision directive (NSDD 32) that authorized a range of economic, diplomatic and covert measures to "neutralize efforts of the U.S.S.R." to maintain its hold on Eastern Europe. In practical terms, the most important covert operations undertaken were those inside Poland. The primary purposes of NSDD 32 were to destabilize the Polish government through covert operations involving propaganda and organizational aid to Solidarity; the promotion of human rights, particularly those related to the right of worship and the Catholic Church; economic pressure; and diplomatic isolation of the communist regime. The document, citing the need to defend democratic reform efforts throughout the Soviet empire, also called for increasing propaganda and underground broadcasting operations in Eastern Europe, actions that Reagan's aides and dissidents in Eastern Europe believe were particularly helpful in chipping away at the notion of Soviet invincibility. [continued]

The Holy Alliance

As Republican Congressman Henry Hyde, a member of the House Intelligence Committee from 1985 to 1990, who was apprised of some of the Administration's covert actions, observes, "In Poland we did all of the things that are done in countries where you want to destabilize a communist government and strengthen resistance to that.
We provided the supplies and technical assistance in terms of clandestine newspapers, broadcasting, propaganda, money, organizational help and advice. And working outward from Poland, the same kind of resistance was organized in the other communist countries of Europe."

Among those who played a consulting role was Zbigniew Brzezinski, a native of Poland and President Jimmy Carter's National Security Adviser. "I got along very well with Casey," recalls Brzezinski. "He was very flexible and very imaginative and not very bureaucratic; if something needed to be done, it was done. To sustain an underground effort takes a lot in terms of supplies, networks, etc., and this is why Solidarity wasn't crushed."

On military questions, American intelligence was better than the Vatican's, but the church excelled in its evaluations of the political situation. And in understanding the mood of the people and communicating with the Solidarity leadership, the church was in an incomparable position. "Our information about Poland was very well founded because the bishops were in continual contact with the Holy See and Solidarnosc," explains Cardinal Silvestrini, the Vatican's deputy secretary of state at that time. "They informed us about prisoners, about the activities and needs of Solidarity groups and about the attitude and schisms in the government." All this information was communicated to the President or Casey.
"If you study the situation of Solidarity, you see they acted very cleverly, without pressing too much at the crucial moments, because they had guidance from the church," says one of the Pope's closest aides. "Yes, there were times we restrained Solidarnosc. But Poland was a bomb that could explode--in the heart of communism, bordered by the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and East Germany. Too much pressure, and the bomb would go off."

Casey's Cappuccino

Meanwhile, in Washington a close relationship developed between Casey, Clark and Archbishop Laghi. "Casey and I dropped into his [Laghi's] residence early mornings during critical times to gather his comments and counsel," says Clark. "We'd have breakfast and coffee and discuss what was being done in Poland. I'd speak to him frequently on the phone, and he would be in touch with the Pope." Says Laghi: "They liked good cappuccino. Occasionally we might talk about Central America or the church position on birth control. But usually the subject was Poland."
"Almost everything having to do with Poland was handled outside of normal State Department channels and would go through Casey and Clark," says Robert McFarlane, who served as a deputy to both Clark and Haig and later as National Security Adviser to the President. "I knew that they were meeting with Pio Laghi, and that Pio Laghi had been to see the President, but Clark would never tell me what the substance of the discussions was."

On at least six occasions Laghi came to the White House and met with Clark or the President; each time, he entered the White House through the southwest gate in order to avoid reporters. "By keeping in such close touch, we did not cross lines," says Laghi. "My role was primarily to facilitate meetings between Walters and the Holy Father. The Holy Father knew his people. It was a very complex situation--how to insist on human rights, on religious freedom, and keep Solidarity alive without provoking the communist authorities further. But I told Vernon, `Listen to the Holy Father. We have 2,000 years' experience at this.'"

Though William Casey has been vilified for aspects of his tenure as CIA chief, there is no criticism of his instincts on Poland. "Basically, he had a quiet confidence that the communists couldn't hold on, especially in Poland," says former Congressman Edward Derwinski, a Polish-speaking expert on Eastern Europe who counseled the Administration and met with Casey frequently. "He was convinced the system was falling and doomed to collapse one way or another--and Poland was the force that would lead to the dam breaking. He demanded a constant [CIA] focus on Eastern Europe. It wasn't noticed, because other stories were more controversial and were perking at the moment--Nicaragua and Salvador."

In Poland, Casey conducted the kind of old-style operation that he relished, something he might have done in his days at the Office of Strategic Services during World War II or in the early years of the CIA, when the democracies of Western Europe rose from the ashes of World War II. It was through Casey's contacts, his associates say, that elements of the Socialist International were organized on behalf of Solidarity--just as the Social Democratic parties of Western Europe had been used as an instrument of American policy by the CIA in helping to create anticommunist governments after the war. And this time the objective was akin to creating a Christian Democratic majority in Poland--with the church and the overwhelmingly Catholic membership of Solidarity as the dominant political force in a postcommunist Poland. Through his contacts with leaders of the Socialist International, including officials of socialist governments in France and Sweden, Casey ensured that tactical assistance was available on the Continent and at sea to move goods into Poland. "This wasn't about spending huge amounts of money," says Brzezinski. "It was about getting the message out and resisting: books, communications equipment, propaganda, ink and printing presses."

Look for the Union Label

In almost every city and town, underground newspapers and mimeographed bulletins appeared, challenging the state-controlled media. The church published its own newspapers. Solidarity missives, photocopied and mimeographed on American-supplied equipment, were tacked to church bulletin boards. Stenciled posters were boldly posted on police stations and government buildings and even on entrances to the state-controlled television center, where army officers broadcast the news.

The American embassy in Warsaw became the pivotal CIA station in the communist world and, by all accounts, the most effective. Meanwhile, the AFL-CIO, which had been the largest source of American support for Solidarity before martial law, regarded the Reagan Administration's approach as too slow and insufficiently confrontational with the Polish authorities. Nonetheless, according to intelligence sources, AFL-CIO president Lane Kirkland and his aide Tom Kahn consulted frequently with Poindexter, Clark and other officials at the State Department and the NSC on such matters as how and when to move goods and supplies into Poland, identifying cities where Solidarity was in particular need of organizing assistance, and examining how Solidarity and the AFL-CIO might collaborate in the preparation of propaganda materials.

"Lane Kirkland deserves special credit," observes Derwinski. "They don't like to admit [it], but they literally were in lockstep [with the Administration]. Also never forget that Bill Clark's wife is Czechoslovak, as is Lane Kirkland's wife. This is one issue where everybody was aboard; there were no turf fights or mavericks or naysayers."

But AFL-CIO officials were never aware of the extent of clandestine U.S. assistance, or the Administration's reliance on the church for guidance regarding how hard to push Polish and Soviet authorities. Casey was wary of "contaminating" the American and European labor movements by giving them too many details of the Administration's efforts. And indeed this was not strictly a CIA operation. Rather, it was a blend of covert and overt, public policy and secret alliances. Casey recognized that in many instances the AFL-CIO was more imaginative than his own operatives in providing organizational assistance to Solidarity and smuggling equipment into the country. According to former deputy CIA director Inman, Casey decided that the American labor movement's relationship with Solidarity was so good that much of what the CIA needed could be financed and obtained through AFL-CIO channels. "Financial support wasn't what they needed," says Inman. "It was organization, and that was an infinitely better way to help them than through classic covert operations."

The Solidarity office in Brussels became an international clearinghouse: for representatives of the Vatican, for CIA operatives, for the AFL-CIO, for representatives of the Socialist International, for the congressionally funded National Endowment for Democracy, which also worked closely with Casey. It was the place where Solidarity told its backers--some of whose real identities were unknown to Solidarity itself--what it needed, where goods and supplies and organizers could be most useful. Priests, couriers, labor organizers and intelligence operatives moved in and out of Poland with requests for aid and with detailed information on the situation inside the government and the underground. Food and clothing and money to pay fines of Solidarity leaders who were brought before Polish courts poured into the country. Inside Poland, a network of priests carried messages back and forth between the churches where many of Solidarity's leaders were in hiding.
In the summer of 1984, when the sanctions against Poland seemed to be hurting ordinary Poles and not the communists, Laghi traveled to Santa Barbara to meet with Reagan at the Western White House and urge that some of the sanctions be lifted. The Administration complied. At the same time, the White House, in close consultation with the Vatican, refused to ease its economic pressures on Moscow--denying technology, food and cultural exchanges as the price for continuing oppression in Poland.

Much of the equipment destined for Solidarity arrived in Poland by ship--often packed in mismarked containers sent from Denmark and Sweden, then unloaded at Gdansk and other ports by dockers secretly working with Solidarity. According to Administration officials, the socialist government of Sweden--and Swedish labor unions--played a crucial role in arranging the transshipment of goods to Poland. From the Polish docks, equipment moved to its destination in trucks and private cars driven by Solidarity sympathizers who often used churches and priests as their point of contact for deliveries and pickups.

"Solidarity Lives!"

"The Administration plugged into the church across the board," observes Derwinski, now Secretary of Veterans Affairs. "Not just through the church hierarchy but through individual churches and bishops. Monsignor Bronislaw Dabrowski, a deputy to Cardinal Glemp, came to us often to tell us what was needed: he would meet with me, with Casey, the NSC and sometimes with Walters." John Cardinal Krol of Philadelphia, whose father was born in Poland, was the American churchman closest to the Pope. He frequently met with Casey to discuss support for Solidarity and covert operations, according to CIA sources and Derwinski. "Krol hit it off very well with President Reagan and was a source of constant advice and contact," says Derwinski. "Often he was the one Casey or Clark went to, the one who really understood the situation."

By 1985 it was apparent that the Polish government's campaign to suppress Solidarity had failed. According to a report by Adrian Karatnycky, who helped organize the AFL-CIO's assistance to Solidarity, there were more than 400 underground periodicals appearing in Poland, some with a circulation that exceeded 30,000. Books and pamphlets challenging the authority of the communist government were printed by the thousands. Comic books for children recast Polish fables and legends, with Jaruzelski pictured as the villain, communism as the red dragon and Walesa as the heroic knight. In church basements and homes, millions of viewers watched documentary videos produced and screened on the equipment smuggled into the country.

With clandestine broadcasting equipment supplied by the CIA and the AFL-CIO, Solidarity regularly broke into the government's radio programming, often with the message "Solidarity lives!" or "Resist!" Armed with a transmitter supplied by the CIA through church channels, Solidarity interrupted television programming with both audio and visual messages, including calls for strikes and demonstrations. "There was a great moment at the half time of the national soccer championship," says a Vatican official. "Just as the whistle sounded for the half, a SOLIDARITY LIVES! banner went up on the screen and a tape came on calling for resistance. What was particularly ingenious was waiting for the half-time break; had the interruption come during actual soccer play, it could have alienated people." As Brzezinski sums it up, "This was the first time that communist police suppression didn't succeed."

"Nobody believed the collapse of communism would happen this fast or on this timetable," says a cardinal who is one of the Pope's closest aides. "But in their first meeting, the Holy Father and the President committed themselves and the institutions of the church and America to such a goal. And from that day, the focus was to bring it about in Poland."

Step by reluctant step, the Soviets and the communist government of Poland bowed to the moral, economic and political pressure imposed by the Pope and the President. Jails were emptied, Walesa's trial on charges of slandering state officials was abandoned, the Polish communist party turned fratricidal, and the country's economy collapsed in a haze of strikes and demonstrations and sanctions.
On Feb. 19, 1987, after Warsaw had pledged to open a dialogue with the church, Reagan lifted U.S. sanctions. Four months later, Pope John Paul II was cheered by millions of his countrymen as he traveled across Poland demanding human rights and praising Solidarity. In July 1988, Gorbachev visited Warsaw and signaled Moscow's recognition that the government could not rule without Solidarity's cooperation. On April 5, 1989, the two sides signed agreements legalizing Solidarity and calling for open parliamentary elections in June. In December 1990, nine years after he was arrested and his labor union banned, Lech Walesa became President of Poland.


Page 35
"THE U.S. and the Vatican on Birth Control"

In response to concerns of the Vatican, the Reagan Administration agreed to alter its foreign-aid program to comply with the church's teachings on birth control.
According to William Wilson, the President's first ambassador to the Vatican, the State Department reluctantly agreed to an outright ban on the use of any U. S. aid funds by either countries or international health organizations for the promotion of birth control or abortion. As a result of this position, announced at the World Conference on Population in Mexico City in 1984, the U.S. withdrew funding from, among others, two of the world's largest family planning organizations: the International Planned Parenthood Federation and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities.
"American policy was changed as a result of the Vatican's not agreeing with our policy," Wilson explains. "American aid programs around the world did not meet the criteria the Vatican had for family planning. AID [the Agency for International Development] sent various people from [the Department of] State to Rome, and I'd accompany them to meet the president of the Pontifical Council for the Family, and in long discussions they finally got the message. But it was a struggle. They finally selected different programs and abandoned others as a result of this intervention."
"I might have touched on that in some of my discussions with [CIA director William] Casey," acknowledges Pio Cardinal Laghi, the former apostolic delegate to Washington. "Certainly Casey already knew about our positions about that."

The Administration consulted with the Vatican on other matters as well. In Lebanon, the Reagan Administration adopted policies favoring the interests of the church and Maronite Christians. On several occasions, Casey used church channels to deal with the contras, though the Vatican itself took no official position on the war in Nicaragua. (Indeed, the Pope issued numerous appeals for peace in Central America and implicitly criticized the U.S. for prolonging the conflict.) Cardinal Laghi, who had served in Nicaragua in the early 1950s as secretary at the Apostolic Nunciature in Managua, played a key role by assuring contra leaders that the Administration delivered on its promises.



AN UNHOLY ALLIANCE - NEWSWEEK




NEWSWEEK
SEPTEMBER 30, 1996
page 73
 
RELIGION
An Unholy AIIiance
Carl Bernstein has a new collaborator and a
new topic, the pope, but his new book is not infallible
BY KENNETH L. WOODWARD

HE IS THE FIRST POPE TO SEE HIS OWN life story turned into a movie, the first to publish an international best seller, the first to answer questions from working journalists. Now, in tbe last phase of his pontificate, comes the parade of biographies: one last year, one just published and at least two more scheduled to appear as the millennium approaches. John Paul II, this is your life, your life, your life, your life.

"His Holiness: Jobn Paul II and tbe Hidden History of Our Time" (582 pages. Doubleday. $27.50) is a collaboration between journalists Carl Bernstein, of Watergate fame, and Marco Politi, a veteran Vaticanisto who writes for the Italian daily La Repubblica.The style is the you-are-there documentary simulation perfected by Bernstein and Bob Woodward in "All the President's Men," the kind of dramatic recreation that describes not only wbat happened but also what tbe pope (who wasn't interviewed) and other principals thought and felt.

The "hidden history," it turns out, is essentially an elaboration of a much disputed cover story Bernstein wrote for Time magazine in February 1992. In it, Bernstein purported to uncover a "Holy Alliance" in which the Vatican and the Reagan admmistration had "conspired to assist Poland's Solidarity movement and hasten the demise of Communism" im the late 1980s.

Now, as then, Bernstein's thesis is as hyperventilated as his prose. "Holy Alliance" is much too robust a metaphor for the diplomatic duet that took place between the United States and the Vatican.
[K.L.Woodward isn't fit to shine Bernstein's shoes .... JP]

The pope and the president did not always agree on policy toward communist Poland-especially the economic blockade of the pope's motherland-and the last word has yet to be written on who played what role in funneling money and materials to Solidarity's underground organization.

But this is a book about the man, Karol Wojtyla, who became the first Polish pope-and one of the most dominant figures of his era. His early life is charmingly retold [like all the pope's biographers, the authors rely on a book by a Polish priest, Adam Boniecki, that minutely records Wojtyla's life from birth], and Politi's inside knowledge of the Vatican gives the papal years the ring of plausibility. But books that aspire to virtual reality cannot afford so many mistakes in small, supposedly knowing details. For example, the Roman Catholic Church is not an absolute monarchy, though the Vatican State is. Nor does the pope's favorita Latin motto, Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam, mean "To the Glory of God."

There are plenty of more serious misunderstandings. American bishops are nowhere near the liberal opposition the authors make them out to be. As important as geopolitics have been to this pontificate, John Paul's major legacy is the theological interpretations he has given to the faith entrusted to his care. The authors provide no theological analysis of his major encyclicals, and no explanation of the concept they freely bandy about-phenomenology-which is an intuititve, philosophical method that Wojtyla has written about with considerable distinction. There is also an exceedingly tendentious section on his relations with a female Polish-born philosopher, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, who helped the then Cardinal Woityla revise his most difficult philosophical book, The Acting Person. In what can best be described as an act of reportorial prurience, the authors repeatedly question Tymieniecka, her husband and others about whether the cardinal and "the small, pixyish blonde" were sexually attracted to each other. He wasn't; she says she wasn't.

Indeed, if there is a thread that runs through His Holiness, it is Wojtyla's "tormented relationship to womankind." The authors suggest a psychological link between this pope's pronounced devotion to the Madonna and the early loss of his own mother. They are also intrigued by his close but nonsexual relationships with girls, some of them Jewish, in his adolescence. All this leads in the closing chapter ("The Angry Pope") to a wildly one-sided account of the 1994 U. N. Conference on Population and Development, in Cairo. Once again we are given a reconstructed scene, this time between the pope and the Pakistani gynecologist Nafis Sadik, the conference's general secretary, who is the sole source for what she-and the authors-describe as a fit of pique by John Paul II. "He doesn't like women," Sadik complains after leaving the papal palace. Why? Because the pope is opposed to abortion, an act the church has repeatedly condemned for nearly 2,000 years. Bernstein and Politi contend that John Paul is handicapped by a personal and cultural "bias"; he's an aging absolute monarch "surround[ing] the church with barbed wire " The image is from Auschwitz. With attitude like this, who needs a second source?
 
"An aging monarch: John Paul at a Vatican audience last week-
[picture caption. picture is recent, and pope appears to be in pain]
 
"The more John Paul II surrounds the Church with barbed wire,
the more glaring the cracks in the wall appear."
-BERNSTEIN AND POLITI, "HIS HOLINESS" [in sidebox]
 
-END QUOTE-



DR STEPHEN MUMFORD - THE VATICAN AND U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY


AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford

"The Reagan administration has been overwhelmingly the most [Roman] Catholic in American history, and its agenda has been essentially the Vatican agenda."
 
PREFACE
This book deals with the national and global security implications of world population growth and urges that this growth problem be redefined in terms different from the customary approaches. The solutions - modern methods of contraception, abortion, sterilization, expanding opportunities for women, sex education, and the like - are in fact gravely threatening the survival of the Vatican, at least its political dimension.

According to Father Andrew Greeley, the Vatican leaders are concerned not so much with the religious dimensions of the Church as with its vast worldwide political power. The greater the number of their communicants, the greater the power of this hierarchy. These prelates, recognizing their jeopardy, have placed the religious dimension of the Church at risk in order to prevail politically.
The United States National Security Council, on the other hand, in 1979 and 1980, determined that world population growth seriously threatens the security of all nations including our own. Thus the dimensions of the conflict are defined.

The political Catholic Church (the Vatican) is pitted against the national security interests of the United States. Clearly, to ignore the population problem will be to invite severe consequences and, ultimately, a complete loss of our national security.

Thus threatened, the Vatican is resorting to desperate and bold measures in America. Four years ago, it went to great lengths to assist in the election of an American president, using the infrastructure created by the Catholic bishops' 1975 Pastoral Plan for Pro-Life Activities (often referred to as the Pastoral Plan of Action; see, appendix two), purportedly created to combat legalized abortion.
The Reagan administration has been overwhelmingly the most [Roman] Catholic in American history, and its agenda has been essentially the Vatican agenda.

About 4 percent of the U.S. population is Irish Roman Catholic. Mr. Reagan's father, like the leadership of the [Roman] Catholic Church in America, was an Irish Roman Catholic, and his brother is a devout [Roman] Catholic. No one doubts the president's close ties to the [Roman] Catholic Church.

In any administration, the appointments most relevant to the population growth-security issue are national security advisor, secretary of state, director of the Central Intelligence Agency, attorney- general (responsible for illegal immigration control), and secretary of Health and Human Services (who sets the national example for provision of comprehensive family planning services).

Mr. Reagan has appointed three national security advisors - Richard Allen, William Clark, and James McFarland. All are Irish Catholic.
His two secretaries of state have been Alexander Haig, an Irish Catholic, and George Schultz, a Catholic of German extraction.
His CIA director is William Casey, an Irish Roman Catholic, as is his attorney-general, William French Smith.
HHS Secretary Margaret Heckler is also Irish Roman Catholic.

In a nation in which only 4 percent of the population is Irish Catholic, this causes no small concern. Any scientist computing mathematical probabilities will agree that the odds of this arrangement happening by chance are nil. Now that it has become apparent that the agenda of the Reagan administration and the Vatican are essentially the same, concern has turned into alarm.
In his book, American Freedom and Catholic Power, published some thirty-five years ago, the Reverend Paul Blanshard discussed what theoretically could happen to American democracy if the Catholic Church conducted itself as it has in most other countries in recent history, manipulating Governments at will.

Blanshard's book was labeled heretical and rabidly anti-Catholic. Librarians were ordered to remove it from their shelves. It was kept secretly in desk drawers. How tragic - for both non-Catholic and Catholic Americans.

Nowhere is it clearer that the best interests of the Vatican have superseded those of the United States than in matters concerning the population growth-national security issue. Many knowledgeable Americans, including Catholics, agree with another Irish Catholic American, a former secretary of defense and World Bank president. Robert McNamara, who believes that world population growth is a greater threat to U.S. security than thermonuclear war. ....

Preface 3 xv
Of great importance is the fact that, like McNamara, most CathoIic Americans do not subscribe to the Vatican position on population growth control. Catholic Americans use the same contraceptive methods and have abortions at the same rates as non-Catholic Americans, and they have the same desired family sizes. Furthermore, most American Catholics deeply disagree with the Vatican on the need for population growth control.

However, there is a cadre of devout Catholics, which, out of deep religious conviction, follow the dictates of the Vatican, without question.
There is a smaller group of laypersons, less religious, that carry out orders for the rewards of power and privilege.
They have been joined by certain non-Catholics-fundamentalist Christians, Mormons, and Orothodox Jews-who are genuinely opposed to abortion, legal or not, although they are definitely in the minority among anti-abortionists (less than 30 percent of the activists). Other non-Catholic laypersons, such as Senator Helms and Congressman Levin, have joined the Vatican effort because they derive enormous power from the Vatican.

Nevertheless, it is undeniable that the energy, organization, and direction of the anti-abortion, anti-family- planning, anti-population-growth-control movement in the United States comes from the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church.

The fears of the Reverend Mr. Blanshard are now being realized. The president, in a speech in Hoboken, New jersey, on July 26, 1984, stated that he was following the leadership of Pope John Paul II in determining U.S. foreign policy in Central America in the latest efforts to save Vatican-backed oppressive governments from popular uprisings.

The White House position paper prepared for the World Population Conference in Mexico City (see, appendix three) is the same as the Vatican policy on abortion, family planning, and population growth control.

The threat of the Vatican to democracy is overwhelmingly apparent in Pope Pius IX'S Syllabus of errors (see, appendix four), as binding today as when it was promulgated more than one hundred years ago. According to the Roman Catholic Encyclopedia, "all Catholics are bound to accept the syllabus."

Today, before being ordained, every Catholic priest is required to swear to support the eighty articles of the syllabus. Priests who are American citizens have taken an oath to support a philosophy diametrically opposed to and condemning the principles of the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of rights.

American Catholics are certain to pay a terrible price for this intrusion upon American sovereignty. In 1969, the so-called Soccer War was fought between El Salvador and Honduras. This was the first war ever directly attributed to overpopulation, a determination made by the Organization of American States. The war was prompted by massive illegal immigration from grossly overpopulated El Salvador into Honduras.

[ similar to later tragedy in RC dominated Rwanda & Burundi.... jp ]
Fifteen years later, the overpopulation problem continues to be all but ignored in El Salvador because the Vatican demands that it be ignored. The population today is growing at the incredible rate of 2.6 percent per year, and the country has a doubling time of twenty-seven years. The results of this continued growth have been general chaos, the illegal immigration of more than 20 percent of Salvadorans to the United States, a breakdown in social order, and destruction of the economic, social, and political structures of the country.

This is the kind of chaos that the United States has in store if we allow continued illegal immigration of tens of millions of Catholic Latin Americans and others into the United States. This approach to assuming control over the most powerful nation on earth appears to be what the Vatican has in mind, since it represents the only significant opposition to illegal immigration control.
The public trust in all American [Roman] Catholics is imminently threatened by this refusal of the Vatican to respect American sovereignty. As soon as American non-Catholics sense that this trust has been broken by a significant number of catholics who owe their first loyalty to the Vatican, public trust in [Roman] Catholics in general will be destroyed, albeit undeservedly. If the Vatican proceeds with this infringement on U.S. sovereignty, a violent reaction is already predictable.

Unfortunately, all of us will pay for the Vatican's struggle for power.
On September 12, 1984, Bill Moyers appeared with Dan Rather on the CBS evening news. His commentary referred to the alliance between the Roman Catholic bishops and Protestant fundamentalists. He discussed the threat of the separation of church and state issue, which has been renewed by the 1984 presidential campaign, and placed in the strongest terms the seriousness of this threat to America:

'We have an alternative to civil war in this country
- a holy civil war at that - and that is the Constitution.'
El Salvador and China offer us the best examples of the option Americans will have if we continue to allow a government other than our own democratically representative one to determine U. S. foreign and domestic policy on population growth control activities. Either an insecure nation in social, economic, and political chaos or a highly regimented one devoid of many cherished freedoms may be our future. Neither option should be acceptable to Americans. Population growth control is the only alternative.
This book is devoted to a complete discussion of the population growth-national security threat, and each issue set forth in the foregoing pages is discussed in depth.
STEPHEN D. MUMFORD
- END PREFACE QUOTE-
 
HIS HOLINESS - John Paul II
AND THE HIDDEN HISTORY OF OUR TIME
By Carl Bernstein and Marco Politi ..... DOUBLEDAY ...... 1996 .....JP]


"Judge Dooling had spent a year gathering evidence and studying the anti-abortion movement, and his findings showed that the anti-abortion movement was essentially a Roman Catholic movement with a little non-Catholic window dressing." "The bishops' Pastoral Plan prompted the creation of the Moral Majority."
 
AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
Page 43-44 .........
The Catholic Church and Social Justice Issues
............ The Reagan Administration is clearly being manipulated by the [Roman] Catholic Church, apparently with the president's blessing. In an April 1982 speech before the National Catholic Education Association, Reagan made the incredible statement,
"I am grateful for your help in shaping American policy to reflect God's will ...., And I will look forward to further guidance from His Holiness Pope John Paul II during an audience I will have with him in June."
Mr. Reagan is obviously leaning on the Vatican for a lot of help, and he's getting it - much of it not in the best interest of the United States. If the United States government shows no more willingness to deal with illegal immigration than has been shown by the Reagan Administration, then a migration from Latin America of the magnitude described above is certainly imminent. A [Roman] Catholic majority in the United States and Vatican control of our government would greatly enhance the power of the Church not only in this country but worldwide.
The Abortion Movement
In 1980, Federal Judge John Dooling, United States District Court, Eastern District of New York, declared that the Hyde Amendment, which prevented Medicaid payment for abortion, was unconstitutional. (Copies of Judge Dooling's 328-page decision in McRae vs. HEW are rare. During a recent conversation with the Brooklyn United States District Court, I was told that their copy had disappeared and, for this reason, they were not in a position to reproduce it.)
Judge Dooling had spent a year gathering evidence and studying the anti-abortion movement, and his findings showed that the anti-abortion movement was essentially a Roman Catholic movement with a little non-Catholic window dressing. The amendment, says Dooling bluntly, was a ploy by anti-abortion congressmen frustrated in their attempt to pass a constitutional amendment that would override the Supreme Court's 1973 pro-abortion decision; its purpose was quite simply to circumvent the Court's ruling and prevent as many abortions as possible.
Dooling, a practicing Catholic, makes short shrift of the anti-abortionists' pretensions to be a spontaneous grass-roots movement that owes its political victories to sheer moral appeal. He confirms that the right-to-life's main source of energy, organization, and direction has been the [Roman] Catholic Church, and he describes in detail how the movement uses one-issue voting to put pressure on legislators, candidates, and the party organizations that nominate them - a tactic that gains influence far out of proportion to its numbers. Please see appendix one for excerpts from Judge Dooling's decision in McRae vs. HEW.
What is most significant in this extract is Judge Dooling's finding that the anti-abortion movement's main source of energy, organization, and direction has been the [Roman] Catholic Church.
The bishops' Pastoral Plan prompted the creation of the Moral Majority.
Richard A. Viguerie, a Catholic, is the man most responsible for the development and success of the New Right, and he will be the first to claim that honor. He was also involved in the original discussions that led to the creation of the Moral Majority and, as its fundraiser, can be credited with its financial success.
Paul Weyrich, a [Roman] Catholic, claims credit for originating the idea for the group and the name itself. In their search for an attractive front man for the organization, they chose Jerry Falwell, who, according to intimates, has an insatiable lust for power - and, thus, Moral Majority, Inc., was born.
It is inconceivable that these Catholic laymen were not responding to the bishops' Pastoral Plan. Much went into avoiding public disclosure of the role of the [Roman] Catholic Church in the creation of the Moral Majority.
Maxine Negri, in "A Well-Planned Conspiracy," exposed involvement of the [Roman] Catholic hierarchy in the Moral Majority. Then, the June 21, 1982, issue of U.S. News and World Report noted:
At the heart of Moral Majority is a direct-mail operation..... Membership claims.... put the number of Moral Majority's active supporters at roughly 4 million Roman Catholics, Protestant fundamentalists, and orthodox Jews. The organization says its "hardcore contributors," numbered at more than 400,000, include a cadre of 80,000 priests, ministers, and rabbis organized into fifty autonomous chapters.
This claim of autonomy should not be taken seriously. What is described here is exactly the organization described in the Pastoral Plan of Action down to the details. None of us who has ever worked extensively with fundamentalist churches or lived among fundamentalists ever took the claim that the Moral Majority was a fundamentalist organization seriously.
One characteristic common among fundamentalists is a keen sense of individualism, and individualists are often fundamentalists because of this trait. There is self-selection. They strongly resist the "herding" that characterizes other major denominations such as the [Roman] Catholic Church. It is very difficult to organize two or three local fundamentalist church-......
[end page 44] -END QUOTE-
Also suggested reading-
The Right to Lifers ........ by Connie Paige, Summit Books
AND
Politics, Power and the Church .......by Lawrence Lader, Macmillan
Latter two available via-
Tom Davis Books POBox 1107 Aptos, CA 95001
 
The anti abortion movement is a Roman Catholic movement.
Not Christian at all.
F. page 207
"The New Right, which is dominated by Catholics such as Richard Viguerie and which answers to the Vatican, drew the fundamentalists in under the guise of religion-but for explicitly political purposes".
page 203
AMERICAN CONSERVATISM vs. THE RADICAL RELIGIOUS

"If we didn't know the Pope agrees with us, we Catholics in the New Right would have serious conscience problems. I would never work counter to the Church's official position." -Paul Weyrich, founder Moral Majority Christian Voice Religious RoundtabIe
The radical religious in our country, the so-called New Right, religious right, religious conservatives, and the Moral Majority, according to Paul Weyrich, will be guided by policy established in the Vatican. To ensure that the Moral Majority does not act in ways in which the pope would not approve, the opinion of Weyrich and other Catholics in the organization must bear considerable weight in decision-making by the Moral Majority organization. They must be in positions of leadership. We have discussed earlier the Vatican's control over faithful laypersons, and Weyrich is apparently in this mold. Weyrich and his Catholic colleagues control the Moral Majority. The Vatican controls Weyrich and his colleagues. Thus the Vatican controls the Moral Majority. It is a fact that the American Catholic bishops described the Moral Majority in their 1975 Pastoral Plan of Action (appendix two), four years before Jerry Falwell was asked by the Catholics who named the organization to head it. The importance of this......
-END QUOTE-

AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN: POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford

By contrast, Reagan is going out of his way to show that with him there is no separation of church and state. He wants it known that there is a direct line between him and the Pope, that he seeks counsel from the Vatican City. Reagan took the extraordinary step of inviting the Pope's ambassador, Pio Laghi, to his Santa Barbara ranch for consultation on delicate foreign policy questions....."
 
from page 168-170
The Vatican vs. the Reagan Agenda

Few Americans realize that the Vatican and Reagan agendas are, despite minor disagreement, virtually identical. Let us look at the record.
Table I shows the Vatican and Reagan Administration positions on twenty-four of the most controversial issues of the past three years. It is difficult to find a single example of disagreement between them.
The president has made no secret of the fact that he calls on the pope for guidance in the governing of America. In chapter four, I have quoted his incredible statement before the National Catholic Education Association in April 1982:
"I am grateful for your help in shaping American policy to reflect God's will... and I will look forward to further guidance from His Holiness Pope John Paul II during an audience I will have with him in June."
After this one-hour private meeting at the Vatican on June 7, he said that the [Roman] Catholic Church
"pursues the same goals of peace, freedom, and humanity."
Reagan added that he wanted the U.S. governrnent
"to work closely with the [Roman] Church in Latin America.... to prevent the spread of repression and godless tyranny."
He also invited the pope to visit the United States again, saying,
"There is a great need for such a visit."
In May, they met in Alaska. In his March 8, 1983, speech before the National Association of Evangelicals, Reagan expressed himself in terms normally reserved for use by Catholic clergy:
"I urge you to beware of the temptation.... to ignore.... the aggressive impulses of an evil empire, to.... thereby remove yourself from the struggle between right and wrong, good and evil."
During a speech to a group of conservatives on February 18, 1983, Reagan made the statement that the attempted assassination of the pope was "an assault on God." Can it be that the president receives the words of the pope as if they were actually words or instructions direct from God?
On August 6, 1984, columnist Mary McGrory offered that Mr. Reagan comes on as more Catholic than the Pope:
Catholic issues seem to consume him ........ Reagan's motivation now seems to be his inability to tolerate the "oppression of the Church" to which the Pope has attested.... John Kennedy may be smiling somewhere at the sight of an American president wrapping himself in the arms of Holy Mother Church... By contrast, Reagan is going out of his way to show that with him there is no separation of church and state. He wants it known that there is a direct line between him and the Pope, that he seeks counsel from the Vatican City. Reagan took the extraordinary step of inviting the Pope's ambassador, Pio Laghi, to his Santa Barbara ranch for consultation on delicate foreign policy questions. 4 [emphasis added]
In a prepared address to an ecumenical prayer breakfast attended by twelve thousand religious leaders and delegates to the Republican National Convention, Mr. Reagan challenged the constitutional premise of separation of church and state.
"The truth is, politics and morality are inseparable, and as morality's foundation is religion, religion and politics are necessarily related."
A report on this speech stated that "his remarks put him squarely in the camp of the fundamentalist religious right," implying that this is not consistent with the Vatican camp. However, the Reverend Virgil C. Blum, president and founder of the Milwaukee-based Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, endorsed Reagan's church and state sentiments.5
The truth is that Mr. Reagan is just giving his blessing to a reality. The Vatican has for decades ignored the constitutional premise of separation of church and state though this situation has worsened since the publication of the Pastoral Plan for Prolife Activities in 1975.
Columnist Mary McGrory, in an article on the unprecedented challenge to the archbishop of New York by Governor Mario Cuomo, frankly stated that for a Catholic politician to publicly oppose the wishes of an archbishop is political suicide. She pointed out that Cuomo is the first Catholic politician to pick a fight with a prelate and that "it is the conventional wisdom that no politician wins in a fight with the Catholic church." 6
The Major Difference Between the United States and Latin American Countries
The vast disparities between Latin America and the United States should not exist. Both were settled by Europeans at about the same time. Both are rich in resources. But where a democratic form of government grew out of the British experience, and among its North American possessions the principle of separation of church and state........ [end page 170]
 
page 169
TABLE 1
The Vatican and Reagan Administration Positions on Selected Issues _______________________________________________________
Position of ............................. Position of
Vatican .....................................Administration
l. Abortion ............................................anti .................................................anti
2. Equal Rights Amendment ....anti ..................................................anti
3. School prayer ..............................pro ...................................................pro
4. Domestic family planning ....anti ................................................anti
5. lnternational population
assistance.......anti ..............................................anti
6. Constitutional convention ...pro .................................................pro
7. Tuition tax credits (parochiaid) pro .......................................pro
8. Global 2000 Report .................anti..................................................anti
9. Kahn/Simon Report ..................pro ...................................................pro
lO. Environment ...............................anti ..................................................anti
11. Communism ........................ rabidly anti ........................... rabidly anti
12. Sex education ........................ anti ..................................................anti
13. Family planning
for teenaged youth .......anti .................................................. anti
14. Grenada invasion ....................pro ..................................................pro
15. U.S. military support for El Salvador and other Central
American governments ..pro ...............................................pro
16. U.S. military involvement
in Lebanon ................pro ...................................................pro
17. American hard line against
the Soviet Union ............pro .....................................................pro
18. United Nations and its
agencies ............................. anti ....................................................anti
19. Support of repressive governments
in Latin Arnerica ...........pro ......................................................pro
20. Population growth as a national
security threat .............anti .....................................................anti
21. Gay civil rights .................anti ......................................................anti
22. Federal aid
to public education .....anti ...................................................anti
23. Illegal immigration ...........pro .......................................... given the
administration's neglect, must be considered...........pro
24. Strict separation
of church and state .......anti ................................................anti
[end page 169] -END QUOTE-
AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 84-72500
Pub.by- Humanist Press PO Box 146 Amherst, NY
Availible [about $10] from-
Center for Research on Population and Security
PO Box 13067
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

"Donovan did more to safeguard and champion the [Roman Catholic] Church than any other American, ......"
 
From ............... AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
From page 172
Influence of the [Roman] Catholic Hierarchy on Government Policy
[-----] Consider the intensity of the commitment of these secret society members as "international defenders of the [Roman Catholic] Church." It is hardly a secret that one of the most important American advances in "defending the [Roman Catholic] Church" by Catholic elitists was the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency [CIA]. The activities of the CIA go far beyond intelligence gathering of an international nature.
The CIA serves as an agency through which secret "assistance" to the Holy Mother [Roman Catholic] Church can be provided by secret American society members acting as her defenders:
During the CIA's formative years, Protestants predominated...... Somehow, however, [Roman] Catholics wrested control of the CIA's covert-action section. It was no coincidence that some of the agency's more grandiose operations were in [Roman] Catholic countries of Latin America and the [Roman] Catholic regime of South Vietnam.11
For creating the Office of Strategic Services [OSS], the wartime predecessor to the CIA, and this special arrangement with the Vatican,
General William "Wild Bill" Donovan was decorated in July 1944 by Pope Pius XII with the Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Sylvester, the oldest and most prestigious of papal knighthoods. This award has been given to only one hundred other men in history, who "by feat of arms or writing or outstanding deeds have spread the faith and have safeguarded and championed the [Roman Catholic] Church."12
Donovan did more to safeguard and champion the [Roman Catholic] Church than any other American, and he was rewarded for his services with the highest [Roman] Catholic award ever received by an American. No doubt, thousands of others have striven with their deeds for similar recognition.
-END QUOTE-
 
AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 84-72500
Pub by........ Humanist Press PO Box 146 Amherst, NY
Available [about $10] from-
Center for Research on Population and Security
PO Box 13067
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
also see ................. WILD BILL DONOVAN - The Last Hero
by Anthony Cave Brown ....... published by TIMES BOOKS 1982
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

My purpose in presenting this brief discussion of selected foreign policy initiatives of the Vatican is to show the lengths to which "defenders of the Church" in the Reagan administration are willing to go in order to "safeguard" the Church. To these "defenders," Vietnam, El Salvador, Grenada, and Lebanon are viewed in part as "holy wars for the preservation of the Church."
 
From- ........... AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
 
INFLUENCE OF THE CATHOLIC HIERARCHY ON GOVERNMENT POLICY
page 173-174
For creating the Office of Strategic Services [OSS], the wartime predecessor to the CIA, and this special arrangement with the Vatican,
General William "Wild Bill" Donovan was decorated in July 1944 by Pope Pius Xll with the Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Sylvester, the oldest and most prestigious of papal knighthoods. This award has been given to only one hundred other men in history, who, "by feat of arms or writings or outstanding deeds have spread the faith and have safeguarded and championed the Church." 12
Donovan did more to safeguard and champion the [Roman Catholic] Church than any other American, and he was rewarded for his services with the highest [Roman] Catholic award ever received by an American. No doubt, thousands of others have striven with their deeds for similar recognition.
What has this meant in terms of the issues cited in Table 1 ?
Communism is the greatest threat faced by the [Roman Catholic] Church. The Catholic Church and communism cannot coexist. They are both rival absolutists. Both indoctrinate their children so as to ensure complete rejection of the other.
Columnist Robert Blair Kaiser who covered the Vatican for Time magazine had a conversation with Pope John XXIII in August 1962.
"For too long, he [the pope] said, the Church had been waging a so-called holy war against the forces of communism. That was getting us nowhere."13
This holy war continues in Central America today!
It is believed by some historians that the reason the Vatican aided Hitler in his rise to power was so that he could destroy Russian communism. When this failed, the Vatican through its defenders called upon the United States to stop the spread of Russian communism in Europe and elsewhere.
A Vatican-inspired hate campaign against the Russians, the greatest hate campaign ever endured by Americans, was launched. To this day, like most other Americans, I am a victim of this campaign launched during my childhood.
In August 1984, President Reagan showed his intense hatred of the Russian people in his infamous radio microphone test,
"My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that would outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
No doubt, this Vatican-inspired hate campaign has influenced Mr. Reagan.
By this theory, at a cost of hundreds of billions of American dollars, we built a war machine for the protection of [Roman] Catholicism. For this same reason have we built a nuclear arsenal powerful enough to destroy the world five times over and have we seen the Russians match it? This is, I feel, in great part the origin of the other great threat to civilization - nuclear war.
Hundreds of millions of dollars were spent to protect [Roman] Catholicism from communism, and one can only conjecture about the ways in which the world would have been different if this money had been spent differently and if the first requests to the World Health Organization by India for population growth control assistance had not been blocked by the Vatican thirty-four years ago.
Our commitment to saving the [Roman] Catholic govemment in South Vietnam from communism [only 5 percent of the people of South Vietnam were Catholic,14 causing some observers to refer to it as a Vatican colony] can be thought of as a result of the activities of the "U.S. Catholic defenders of the Church," largely members of the CIA.
The French provided this same service to the Vatican for eighty years before they gave up on the holy war in Vietnam.15
A number of issues cited in Table I, including U.S. military support for El Salvador and other Central American govemments, the Grenada invasion, and maintaining the status quo in Latin America can be seen as Vatican-inspired actions to prop up Catholic [Vatican-dominated] governments against popular uprisings. They are the "holy wars against communism" mentioned by Pope John XXIII.
During a May 1984 fundraising visit to New York, the archbishop of Managua, Nicaragua, Miguel Obando y Bravo, said his campaign represented the best-organized opposition in Nicaragua to popular Sandinista government efforts.16
Another example is Lebanon.
Most Americans are not aware of the closeness of the Gemayel govemment to the Vatican. "Maronite Christians," a minority group in Lebanon, are the Eastern Catholic Church.
"The Maronites are in communion with Rome and have a college for the education of their clergy in Rome. In the year 1181, at the time of the Crusades, the Maronites........ made peace with Rome and became attached to the Holy See."17
Gemayel, like his politician father, was Jesuit trained in a Catholic university.18 The Vatican wishes to see the Maronites continue to be the dominant power in Lebanon so that the only country in the Middle East in the Vatican sphere of influence will remain so.
In all of these cases the Vatican, to maintain and expand its geographical control, seems to be calling upon the services of the U.S. Defense Department to serve as an instrument of Vatican foreign policy in much the same way it has in Cold War Europe.
My purpose in presenting this brief discussion of selected foreign policy initiatives of the Vatican is to show the lengths to which "defenders of the Church" in the Reagan administration are willing to go in order to "safeguard" the Church.
To these "defenders," Vietnam, El Salvador, Grenada, and Lebanon are viewed in part as "holy wars for the preservation of the [Roman Catholic] Church."
They are unquestionably willing to go to similar lengths to protect the Church from population growth control activities.
Population scientists, field workers, and, more impurtantly, journalists must acknowledge the magnitude of this obstacle to solving the population problem and deal with this problem in its entirety - and without delay.
-END QUOTE-
 
WHEN DID THE GOAL OF "AMERICAN" FOREIGN POLICY BECOME
TO SERVE THE POPE ? ....................... SILLY ME !
I THOUGHT THE AMERICAN IDEAL WAS DEMOCRACY.
WHEREAS THE PAPAL IDEAL IS THE LORDSHIP OF THE POPE.
 
AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 84-72500
Pub.by- Humanist Press PO Box 146 Amherst, NY
Available [about $10] from-
Center for Research on Population and Security
PO Box 13067
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

From..... AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
page 203
AMERICAN CONSERVATISM vs. THE RADICAL RELIGIOUS
"If we didn't know the Pope agrees with us, we Catholics in the New Right wouId have serious conscience problems. I would never work counter to the Church's offcial position." - PauI Weyrich, founder Moral Majority - Christian Voice - Religious RoundtabIe
The radical religious in our country, the so-calIed New Right, religious right, religious conservatives, and the Moral Majority, according to Paul Weyrich, will be guided by policy established in the Vatican.
To ensure that the Moral Majority does not act in ways in which the pope would not approve, the opinion of Weyrich and other Catholics in the organization must bear considerable weight in decision-making by the Moral Majority organization. They must be in positions of leadership.
We have discussed earlier the Vatican's control over faithful laypersons, and Weyrich is apparently in this mold. Weyrich and his Catholic colleagues control the Moral Majority. The Vatican controls Weyrich and his colleagues. Thus the Vatican controls the Moral Majority.
It is a fact that the American Catholic bishops described the Moral Majority in their 1975 Pastoral Plan of Action (appendix two), four years before Jerry Falwell was asked by the Catholics who named the organization to head it. The importance of this ........
From page 207
"The New Right, which is dominated by CathoIics such as Richard Viguerie and which answers to the Vatican, drew the fundamentalists in under the guise of religion-but for explicitIy poIiticaI purposes".
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

"Two vast movements that involved millions of non-Catholic Americans set the stage for the rapid acquisition of power in America by the Vatican.
The first, which began in earnest more than two decades ago, is the ecumenical movement."
++++++++++++
From ............. AMERICAN DEMOCRACY & THE VATICAN:
POPULATION GROWTH & NATIONAL SECURITY
By Dr. [Phd.] Stephen Mumford
Page 207 .......... American Conservatism vs. the Radical Religious
Two vast movements that involved millions of non-Catholic Americans set the stage for the rapid acquisition of power in America by the Vatican.
The first, which began in earnest more than two decades ago, is the ecumenical movement. This movement has pretty much ceased to make any forward advances. Many of the earlier leaders have dropped out, recognizing that the Protestant groups made virtually all the compromises. Some have dropped out in disappointment, fully recognizing that they have been completely duped by their Catholic counterparts.
The ecumenical movement was exceedingly important, if not absolutely essential, to the Vatican's march toward unrestrained power in America. It halted, then blocked, criticism of the Catholic Church by all leading Protestant denominations. This no doubt contributed to the Catholic Church's success in silencing all criticism of the hierarchy's actions in the lay press.
For the past two decades, all over the country, the call by Protestants has been, "Let's not say anything negative about acts of the [Roman] Catholic Church. Otherwise, we will jeopardize this important movement of reconciliation among all Christian sects." No doubt, the Vatican carefully nurtured this sentiment and was thereby able to advance its agenda under the cloak of secrecy with the help of Protestants bent on ecumenism.
The second vast movement involved the political mobilization of fundamentalists by the Vatican. According to Paige, the Reverend Edward Bryce, National Conference of Catholic Bishops' director of right-to-life activities, has presided over the transformation of the [Roman Catholic] Church into a right-too-life politicai machine. Bryce admits that the expenditures on abortion are much larger than the records show and that most of this is buried in bishops" discretionary funds and individual diocesan ledgers. No doubt, much of this "hidden" money of which Father Bryce speaks goes into the election campaigns of both Catholics and non-Catholics who cater too the needs of the Vatican.
"The Pastoral Plan was a brilliant blueprint," states Paige.
The message of the plan was absolutely clear: the Roman Catholic Church was getting into the business of electoral campaigns in a big way. It was as if the bishops had switched on an enormously powerful political engine that then appeared too run on its own. But the perpetual-motion machine is a thing of the imagination. A closer look at the right-too-life machine revealed that fuel and labor costs, maintenance, body work, lubrication, and replacement parts right down too the last screw all remained very much under firm pastoral guidance.
The machine went into high gear, NCHLA organizers created and developed grass-roots right-to-life PACs, which they called "congressional district action committees," in almost half of the country"s 435 congressional districts. The CDACs involved thousands of sympathetic Catholics in right-to-life activity, including letter-writing, meeting with elected officials, conducting candidate and voter education projects, and developing efficient phone networks.17
The New Right, which is dominated by [Roman] Catholics such as Richard Viguerie and which answers to the Vatican, drew the fundamentalists in under the guise of religion - but for explicitly political purposes.
"However heartfelt, opposition to abortion was simply part of the plan."18
With sufficient wealth at its disposal, the hierarchy of the [Roman Catholic] Church started right-to-life organizations and dominated their early growth, fashioning their philosophy, political base, and strategy and paying their way. 19
In 1975, Roy White, then executive director of the National Right to Life Committee, asserted,
"The only reason we have a pro-life movement in this country is because of the [Roman] Catholic people and the [Roman] Catholic Church."20
Connie Paige"s extensive investigation led her to state:
The Roman Catholic Church created the right-to-life movement. Without the Church, the movement would not exist as such today. The Church provided from the start the organizational infrastructure, the communications network, the logistical support, the resources, the ideology, and the people, as well as a ready-made nationwide political machine otherwise impoosible to duplicate. Always, the Church contributed money, a great deal of it, either through its own organizations or through direct grants to independent but related groups...... What made the Church's right-too-life effort significant was that this was the first time in American history that Catholics had made that kind of all-out bid too influence national policy. In force in almost every state, and everywhere well organized, the Church made it possible for this compelling single issue too dominate for a time the democratic process.21
The hierarchy recognized the necessity of the mobilization of funda- mentalists prior to the bishops' 1975 pastoral plan. It simply used the abortion issue to accomplish this goal. Now it uses the Moral Majority and other "fundamentalist" organizations to accomplish other items on its agenda, such as breaking down the principle of separation of church and state, enforcing support by taxpayers of the Catholic school system, and the election of obedient [Roman] Catholics to Congress and state legislatures.
Most Americans have the mistaken perception that at least half of the anti-abortion movement is fundamentalist. Nothing could be further from the truth.
My own state of North Carolina is Jesse Helms country. The very heart of Moral Majority land, it has a population of six million. Yet, according to the Moral Majority leadership in North Carolina, there are only twenty-five thousand Moral Majority members in this State.
That means that only 0.4 percent of the residents of this state belong to the "Majority." Almost ten times this number belong to the Catholic Church, although this is one of the least Catholic states in America. The reason why the Moral Majority............
[end page 208] -END QUOTE-
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

From............. HUMAN QUEST magazine
Nov-Dec, 94 page 10
VATICAN PROBED ON POPULATION POLICY
by HQ research team
AN INTENSIVE RESEARCH effort probing the Vatican's unrelenting opposition to contraception and abortion has concluded that there is a "hidden" reason for it, quite apart from the question of morality. Results of the research are the subject of a new book by public health scientist Stephen D. Mumford, who heads the Center for Research on Population and Security [PO Box 13067, Research Triangle, N.C. 27709].
The book can be described as a scholarly equivalent of "investigative journalism."
Advance copies of the 400-page volume were released at the UN International Conference on Population and Development, opening in Cairo September 5.
The book is titled The Life and Death of NSSM 200 , shorthand for "National Security Study Memorandum 200," the April 1974 directive from President Nixon, signed on Nixon's behalf by Henry Kissinger, then national security advisor.
The directive was addressed to the Secretaries of Defense and Agriculture, the Director of the CIA, the Deputy Secretary of State, and the Administrator of AID, the Agency for International Development.
When implemented, the NSSM recommendations would have launched a massive international attack, with strong U.S. leadership, on the steadily worsening dilemma of the world's unprecedented and unbridled population growth.
Concerning the "hidden" reason for papal and Vatican opposition to all efforts to curb global population growth by modern medical means, Dr. Mumford said at the Cairo conference,
"I cannot escape the conclusion that the strongest force driving the Vatican's holy war against family planning is not the pope's convictions about morality. Rather their deeper hangup is about the 1870 Catholic dogma of papal infallibility, on which Pope John Paul II has securely painted himself into a corner. This deeper motivation is no secret among the Catholic priesthood and scholars," Mumford continued, "but it has been hidden from public awareness by the loud rhetoric of the pope, the Vatican establishment and of U.S. Catholic bishops focused on the papal concept of morality."
Mumford quotes the distinguished Catholic theologian Halls Kung, who wrote in 1979,
"The only way [for the Vatican] to solve the problem of contraception is to solve the problem of [papal] infallibility."
"The church was really just getting started," Mumford observes, "when it killed NSSM 2000. It was much better organized during the Reagan and Bush Administrations - when there were no U.S. initiatives on world population stabilization. Then the White House was staffed by what Pulitzer Prize winning reporter Carl Bernstein, in a 1992 [24 Feb] TIME cover article, ["HOLY ALLIANCE" jp] has called Reagan's Catholic Team.
Bernstein lists the first string of the "devout Roman Catholic" team as CIA chief William Casey, Richard Allen (Reagan's first national security advisor), William Clark (Reagan's second national security advisor), Alexander Haig (then Secretary of State). Vernon Walters (Ambassador at Large), and William Wilson, Reagan's first ambassador to the Vatican.
Bernstein comments that these men "regarded the U.S.-Vatican relationship as a holy alliance: the moral force of the pope and the teachings of their church combined with ...... their notion of American Democracy."
On May 5, 1972, after two years of intense study, the 24-member U.S. Commission on Population Growth and the American Future, under Rockefeller's chairmanship, made more than 70 recommendations which were to be used to formulate a comprehensive U.S. population policy. These included: school-based population and sex-education; passage of the Equal Rights Amendment; contraception available for all, including minors, at government expense if need be; abortion for all who want it, at government expense if necessary; and the elimination of employment of illegal aliens.
"Nothing ever came of this initiative," Mumford notes. "Not one of the recommendations was adopted. Why?" Mumford concludes, "The Roman Catholic bishops - the Vatican - killed it."
Then came the definitive NSSM 200 study, which met the same fate.
On the demise of the Rockefeller Commission recommendations, Mr. Rockefeller said at the time, "The greatest difficulty has been the very active opposition by the Roman Catholic Church through its various agencies in the United States."
The NSSM 200 study detailed how and why rapid world population growth gravely threatened U.S. and global security. The full text of the NSSM 200 study appears in Mumford's book. The study reports:
"There is a major risk of severe damage [from continued rapid population growth] to world economic, political, and ecological systems and, as these systems begin to fail, to our humanitarian values." ". . . World population growth is widely recognized within the Government as a current danger of the highest magnitude calling for urgent measures." ". . . It is of the utmost urgency that governments now recognize the facts and implications of population growth, determine the ultimate population sizes that make sense for their countries and start vigorous programs at once to achieve their desired goals."
The U. S. would provide world leadership in population growth control .
-END QUOTE-
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cardinal Bravo's "contras" were [probably still are]
supported via CIA by the American taxpayer.
And by CIA facilitated sale of cocaine.
 
From.............. Catholic International
October 1995
page 460
NICARAGUA
With political tension in Nicaragua increasing in the run-up to the November 1996 presidential elections, bitterly divided political factions have agreed that only one individual in the country can help Nicaragua avoid political violence - the archbishop of Managua, Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo.
According to the Managua daily, La Prensa, political leaders of both the right and left have recently been meeting with the cardinal, asking him to mediate between the opposing groups.
The mediating skills of Obando y Bravo are well known in the country. Referred to by everyone simply as "the cardinal," the Nicaraguan prelate has successfully participated in resolving the country's main problems in the past decades.
"There is no doubt about it; the cardinal deserves to be called the artisan of reconciliation," wrote Barricada, a daily close to the Sandinista Front.
Indeed, the influence of the cardinal in the past proved to be decisive. In the 70s, he mediated between Anastacio Somoza's dictatorship and the Sandinistas. Shortly thereafter, he intervened in the conflict between the Sandinistas and the Contras. He also assisted in negotiations between Violeta Chamorro's government and the former Contras.
[ does that sound "successful" ? ...... for who ? ......JP ]
Recently, he once again played a key role in brokering an agreement between government authorities and Parliament. Earlier this year, both bodies clashed on constitutional reforms that would limit presidential power. After four months of negotiation, Obando y Bravo convinced both parties to soften their stands; an accord was signed July 4.
According to La Prensa, the Liberal front, which thus far appears to be the front runner in the presidential campaign, has divided in three factions, all of which are seeking the intervention of the cardinal to avoid violent confrontation and further divisions. Meanwhile, in the opposing camp, one sector of the Sandinistas - now divided between the "orthodox" and the "reformers" Ñ is reportedly also in contact with the cardinal and for the same reasons. In late July, when the reformers, led by former Vice-President Sergio Ramirez, organized a political meeting in a town near Managua, Sandinista hard liners provoked a bull stampede, injuring more than 20.
In a recent interview with foreign journalists, Obando y Bravo said, "There is no secret formula" for his success as mediator. "There is always an open door to my house and a place at my table for anyone who seriously believes in reconciliation," he said. "I also relay very much of the credibility of the Catholic Church in Nicaragua, which is not a merit of mine, but of the Catholic community and of the consistency of the message we carry," he concluded.
Catholic International
[Augustinians of the Assumption Assumption Communications
101 Barry Road, Worcester, MA 01609-1178 USA]
Lima Bureau
(Alejandro Bermudez), August 3, 1995.
-END QUOTE-
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


THE VATICAN DIRECTION OF U.S. POLICY IN LATIN AMERICA

From............. VEIL
by: BOB WOODWARD
ISBN: 0-671-60117-2
Page 242
IF CASEY WAS going to sell the Nicaragua operation in the Democratic House, he would have to hold conservative Democrats from the South and the West. One such person was Dave K. McCurdy, a thirty-three year-old Democratic congressman from Oklahoma, who had joined the House Intelligence Committee that January. An Administration friend and avidly pro-defense, McCurdy was assumed to buy the whole Reagan foreign-policy and defense-program package. In a private conversation, Casey told McCurdy that the CIA would "do whatever it takes" to influence the Sandinista government. McCurdy had a feeling of slipperiness in his discussions with Casey.
At one hearing, McCurdy asked Casey how much the Sandinistas were spending on schools, roads and hospitals in their country.
"I don't know," Casey snapped. There was a tone of intolerance that reverberated through the secure committee room on the top floor of the Capitol building. It was a small room, and the congressmen were arranged around a built-in horseshoe table. Casey was on edge. He was making it clear that he found the hearing tedious and McCurdy's inquiry silly and irrelevant.
McCurdy asked whether this was because Casey himself didn't know, or whether the CIA didn't have the information. "What's your point, Mr. Congressman?" Casey asked. "I grew up in rural Oklahoma," McCurdy said, "and you ought to understand why we are Democrats in rural Oklahoma."
McCurdy went on to explain about FDR's New Deal and the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) that had brought the farmers of Oklahoma into the twentieth century. And the question, he said, is whether the Sandinistas are on that road. Are they winning the people?
Casey got the point and became somewhat more approachable. The Catholic Church was opposing the Sandinistas, he said, and if there were truly free elections in Nicaragua the Sandinistas would not win.
*END QUOTE*
 
Mr. Woodward does not inform his readers that head
of the CIA William Casey was a Knight of Malta Roman Catholic.
 
Knights of Malta are a Roman Catholic sub-cult
sworn to defend the Roman Catholic "Church".
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

" the Catholic church itself
is split over the revolution."
 
From.......... INSIDE CENTRAL AMERICA
By Phillip Berryman
Published by Pantheon Books, NYC copyright 1985
page 68
........... who see the revolution as offering hope for their future and those who see it as diminishing their power and prestige. Naturally, opponents of the revolution do not refer to their own interests but to such principles as political pluralism, free enterprise, freedom of the press, and freedom of religion.
As noted in Chapter 2, the Catholic church itself is split over the revolution. The bishops' anti-Sandinista stand has its roots in their close association with anti-Somoza business and upper-class groups during the 1970s.
The honeymoon ended for them at the same time it did for the business opposition. Alfonso Robelo resigned from the junta in April 1980, and in May the bishops told the priests in government posts they should leave (see p. 43).
Many ordinary Nicaraguan Catholics are scandalized that their bishops, who have frequently criticized the Sandinistas, have never raised their voice to protest the CIA-directed contras, who by mid-1984 had inflicted 7,000 casualties, most of them civilians.
Similarly, La Prensa, which the U.S. media describe as an "independent" newspaper, is viewed quite differently by ordinary Nicaraguans. To begin with, for about half the population, it would be unthinkable to buy La Prensa since it would take 5 percent or more of a day's income.
In any case, most see La Prensa as a weapon being used against the revolution. (The CIA worked with the Chilean newspaper El Mercurio in its efforts to overthrow the elected Allende government.) La Prensa is not "independent" of the elites. Some Nicaraguans would no doubt prefer to see La Prensa closed, and that is no doubt a temptation to the Sandinistas, who have thus far sought to maintain some measure of press freedom even when under military attack. The point here is modest enough: the whole question of La Prensa looks quite different when viewed from the angle of most Nicaraguans.
Again, after forty-five years of complete subservience to the United States under the Somozas, most Nicaraguans are proud of their new independence. As citizens of a nonaligned country and as members of the international community, they feel free to maintain a warm relationship with Cuba and to welcome collaboration from other socialist countries. By one count there were 1,200 technical assistants from socialist countries in Nicaragua, alongside 3,400 from Europe and the Americas. Some Cubans have worked with the Nicaraguan army and police, but there is no public proof for the administration's assertions that 2,000 or more Cubans are in Nicaragua.
*END QUOTE*
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From ........... National Catholic Reporter
September 9, 1994 page 30
Fall Books
IN CENTRAL AMERICA, HOPE IS A FAR HORIZON
Religion and politics in a grotesque dance, but seldom with poor
STUBBORN HOPE: RELIGION, POLITICS AND REVOLUTION IN CENTRAL AMERICA
By Phillip Berryman
Orbis Books, The New Press, 276 pages, $22.95
By TIM McCARTHY
Perhaps nowhere in the world has the church more vividly defined itself in the past generation, for better or worse than in Central America.
From the imperial go-between Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo in Managua to Archbishop Oscar Romero in San Salvador, from the born-again evangelical President Efrain Rios Montt in Guatemala to the countless nuns and priests and catechists and other lay people who laid it all on the line, the church has been a major player, politically and otherwise. That after all those years of bloody turmoil, with tens of thousands dead and mutilated and tortured and uprooted, we should be back pretty much where we started is, for some, one of the heaviest disappointments of our day.
Ironically, the concerns of U.S. foreign policy in the region are in some ways the same as the concerns of the church. The United States, however begrudgingly, can tolerate democracy in, say, El Salvador, if it is democracy imposed from the top down and does not disturb the social order past the point where it would be more difficult to exploit economically. Even the oligarchs can live with that.
But if it is a genuine movement from below, if it is the cry of people rising up to reclaim their birthright Ñ as it was in Nicaragua in 1979 Ñ the United States cannot tolerate it. So, too, in the church.
Pope John Paul II's hatred of the Sandinistas did not have nearly as much to do with their Marxist leanings as it did with the threat of a revolutionary society altogether compatible with, a people's church. Nicaragua had a chance to become liberation theology made real, liberation theology incarnated. And that was dangerous.
Phillip Berryman chronicles all this and much more in 'Stubborn Hope'. A longtime observer of the region, Berryman often writes from personal experience. He picks his way through the deepening tangle of religion and politics during the past 20 years or so in Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala. The historical summaries are brief but cogent. With a tracker's hard eye, he lets nothing pass, marks every misstep, no matter which side makes it.
Nowhere was the dynamic between religion and politics any clearer than in Nicaragua. There the people's church, or popular church, was on the side of the revolutionary government. Four priests held prominent government posts. With a popular military victory behind them, the Sandinistas clearly intended to continue their revolution in part by working with elements of the church they thought they could trust, the same elements that had helped them defeat the Somoza regime.
But a hierarchy grown fat on Somoza pork opposed them from the start. The bishops ordered the priests in the government to step down. The priests refused and the lines between the institutional and popular church were drawn. While the Sandinistas insisted that unlike other Marxist parties they were committed to freedom of religion, the bishops claimed they were embracing religion only to strangle it.
Many in the popular church criticized the Sandinistas as well, but without losing sight of a revolutionary process that was transforming a society in terms of literacy and health care and promising an economic future that would embrace rather than exploit the poor. Not so the bishops. The bishops condemned the Sandinistas at every turn. They Ñ rightly Ñ condemned them for human rights violations against the Miskito Indians on Nicaragua's east coast, but were silent about contra atrocities against civilians. When the contras butchered a Catholic lay leader and four of his sons and carved the words 'With God, Without Communism' on the chests of two, no doubt the bishops thought the rebels were merely elucidating which side God was on.
In June 1982, John Paul II weighed in with a letter condemning the Nicaraguan popular church and urging the people to rally round the bishops and the institution. The Sandinistas made the mistake of suppressing the letter.
Then came the pope's ill-fated 1983 visit, when he ignored the Reagan war against Nicaragua, chastised the popular church and got some rough treatment at the hands of a crowd shouting for peace and 'people's power.' After that there was a curious mesh of U.S. and Vatican foreign policy toward Nicaragua.
In Guatemala and El Salvador, where the government and the military were far more repressive, there was far less distance between the institutional and popular church. After Romero was martyred in San Salvador, it was as if his successor, Archbishop Arturo Rivera y Damas, a more cautious figure, could not in conscience turn away from Romero's example. The San Salvador archdiocese became one of the most reliable chroniclers of human rights violations and a refuge for people uprooted from the countryside.
The Guatemalan bishops also spoke out against human rights abuses and army atrocities. Even some of the fast growing number of Protestants, who generally stayed on the political sidelines, criticized born-again President Rios Montt, calling his methods anti-Christian and accusing him of using personal religiosity for political ends and 'wrapping political arguments in biblical language.'
[ which is exactly what RC 'liberation theology' is ...... JP ]
But at the heart of all this, in what ever country, was the pastoral mission called accmpanamiento, accompanying or standing by the people. Writing in a 1979 pastoral letter, Romero was probably the first to use the word in that context. It became the watchword for countless Catholics, clerical, religious and lay, who believed that the preferential option for the poor was indeed a mission and a way of life.
No matter what the stance of the official church, those priests, nuns and catechists and other church workers stood by the people and often accompanied them into death.
Before his own brutal death in San Salvador in 1989, Jesuit Fr. Ignacio Ellacuria saw a 'third force' emerging from the clash between left and right, a mass movement of the people that would be beyond any ideology of whatever stripe. This is the same force that many hoped would energize the revolution in Nicaragua and help it to grow. This is the same force that many looked to in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989, no matter how much the economic 'third way' it might have created was mocked by so called democratic capitalists.
But that is precisely the kind of popular force that neither the United States nor the institutional church can tolerate. And yet, the church that both shaped and was shaped by that force, the church that made 'acompanamiento' real Ñ an organism living so deep in the marrow of a people that it would be impossible to imagine justice without it Ñ that church is still for many everything the church was ever meant to be.
Despite the fact that, as theologian Jon Sobrino put it, 'the powerful continue to make laws to make the rich richer while ignoring the poor,' years of enormous suffering have left the people with a vision they can carry with them toward a better future. There is hope in that.
It is a part of Berryman's stubborn hope. If we have learned anything from the events in Central America these past years, awesome in so many ways, it will be our hope as well.Ñ
Tim McCarthy is a journalist and fiction writer.
He covered the murder of the Jesuits in El Salvador in 1989.
-END QUOTE-
page 30 National Catholic Reporter 9 Sept.1994
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From .................... PEOPLE'S DAILY NEWS
July 24, 1994
By Dominic Taranowski
CHRISTIANS, COMMUNISTS, AND STRUGGLE
During this critical time in world history, when the U.S. government denounces the disarmament overtures of the USSR, no effort should be spared in unifying all sectors of American society oriented toward social justice. One unity that must not be neglected is that between Communists and Christians. Though the theology and ideology may be quite different, the separation that has often been antagonistic must be mended for the common good. We must seek out the common ground that exists.
It is useful to look at the Nicaraguan Revolution in this context.
The majority of Nicaragua's population is Christian.
Ernesto Cardenal, [Roman] Catholic priest and Nicaraguan Minister of Culture, states in Margaret Randall's book, Christians in the Nicaraguan Revolution, that the promised land proclaimed by Jesus is not to be patiently anticipated in the next world, but rather built here today.
He further equates this earthly kingdom of God with Marx's perfect communism.
Early Christians lived in communes in which there was no private ownership and citizens received from the society in accordance with their contributions. Over the centuries this definition of Christianity has been largely distorted by the church, which, so as not to break with tradition, has allied itself with the capitalists in our day.
The Catholic Church, with its notorious Vatican Bank, is a chief example. There is, then, a distinct difference between Christianity and "churchianity."
Jesus, a member of the working class, taught his followers to denounce an unjust distribution of wealth and work for the betterment of society.
The church, which has always made profits its first concern, has brainwashed the common Christian into passive subservience through the use of dogma and rituals. The poor, they say, will get theirs in the next world.
In most socialist countries today, there are no homeless, no undernourished children, no unemployment. But there is free health care and education.
It is hard to imagine the subversive carpenter from Nazareth condemning such things. After all, Jesus was committed to assisting "the least of these": the poor. Capitalism is clearly anti-Christian.
Liberation theology is revolutionary Christianity.
Of course, there is no denying that the Christian belief in and worship of a God is in conflict with Marxism. Still, such contradictions should not overshadow our similarities. It should be clear to every sober-minded person that our country is on a dangerous path. The U.S. war machine has appropriated a lopsided portion of our society's wealth. Despite Irangate, there is still a bizarre personality cult of Reagan and the president is still hailed much like a pharaoh. The coercive media trains the public not to question capitalism.
A bright future lies in ending the often factionalized nature of our movement. Though there may be great differences in our beliefs, Communists and Christians must make an effort to stand united with the other allies in our movement to transform American society in favor of peace and the working class.
*END QUOTE*
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From................. National Catholic Reporter
January 31, 1992
page 11
"This made a great contrast with the Ronald Reagan era.
In the "good old days" the pope was in alliance with the United
States in Central America, destabilzing Nicaragua, supporting the
'contras', propping up the Salvadorans and generally repressing
liberation theologians with the aid of the CIA
(see the Santa Fe document). *END QUOTE*
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Liberation Theology was the perfect blueprint for the Sandinistas. It incorporated the very aim of Marxist-Leninism.
It presumed the classic Marxist "struggle of the masses" to be free from all capitalist domination.
And above all, the Marxist baby was at last wrapped in the very swaddling clothes of ancient [Roman] Catholic terminology.
 
From ....... THE JESUITS -The Society of Jesus and the Betrayal of the Roman Catholic Church
By Malachi Martin
["Father" Martin, a prolific RC author, was a long time Jesuit and remains a Roman Catholic in good standing ...... JP ]
Published by Simon & Schuster, NY. .......... ISBN: 0-671-54505-1
page 56-62 .................. ............. THE TESTING GROUND
...... by the early seventies, at least seven years before their grab for power, the Sandinista leaders openly proclaimed their ultimate aim: to create a Marxist society in Nicaragua to serve as the womb from which Marxist revolution throughout Central America would be born. "Revolution throughout the Americas" was the slogan.
From their beginnings as a group, when they were nothing more than rag-tag guerrillas, bank robbers, and hit-and-run terrorists, the Sandinistas understood full well that they had no hope of installing a Marxist regime in 91.6 percent Roman Catholic Nicaragua unless they could enlist - in effect, inhale - the active cooperation of the Catholic clergy, together with suitably altered [Roman Catholic] Church doctrine and [Roman Catholic] Church structure.
Mere passive connivance on the part of the clergy would not be enough. If the Sandinistas wanted the very soul of the people, they knew the road: [Roman] Catholicism was inextricably bound up in the warp and woof of Nicaraguan culture, language, way of thinking, and outlook, and was integral to all the hope of the people.
Here, Fernando Cardenal, as [Roman Catholic] priest and Jesuit, was a towering influence.
For some time, certain [Roman] Catholic theologians in Latin America - principally Jesuits of the post-World War II period - had been developing a new theology. They called it the Theology of Liberation, and based it on the theories of their European counterparts.
It was an elaborate and carefully worked out system, but its core principle is very simple: The whole and only meaning of Christianity as a religion comes down to one achievement - the liberation of men and women, by armed and violent revolution if necessary, from the economic, social, and political slavery imposed on them by U.S. capitalism; this is to be followed by the establishment of "democratic socialism."
In this "theological" system, the so-called "option" for the economically poor and the politically oppressed, originally described as a "preferential" option by Catholic bishops in Latin America at their conference in Medellin, Colombia, in 1968, became totally exclusive: There was one enemy - capitalist classes, middle and upper and lower, chiefly located in the United States. Only the "proletariat" - the "people" - was to be fomented by the imposition of Marxism.
Liberation Theology was the perfect blueprint for the Sandinistas.
It incorporated the very aim of Marxist-Leninism. It presumed the classic Marxist "struggle of the masses" to be free from all capitalist domination. And above all, the Marxist baby was at last wrapped in the very swaddling clothes of ancient Catholic terminology. Words and phrases laden with meaning for the people were co-opted and turned upside down.
The historical Jesus, for example, became an armed revolutionary. The mystical Christ became all the oppressed people, collectively. Mary the Virgin became the mother of all revolutionary heroes. The Eucharist became the bread freely made by liberated workers. Hell became the capitalist system. The American president, leader of the greatest capitalist country, became the Great Satan. Heaven became the earthly paradise of the workers from which capitalism is abolished. Justice became the uprooting of capitalist gains, which would be "returned" to the people, to the "mystical body" of Christ, the democratic socialists of Nicaragua. The Church became that mystical body, "the people," deciding its fate and determining how to worship, pray, and live, under the guidance of Marxist leaders.
It was a brilliant synthesis, ready-made and just waiting for the activists who would set about erecting a new sociopolitical structure on its basis, as a building rises from a blueprint.
The Nicaraguan people were the first guinea pigs on whom the theory was experimentally tried. And the priests who were charter members in the Sandinista leadership - Jesuit Fernando Cardenal Ernesto Cardenal, Miguel D'Escoto Brockman of the Maryknoll Fathers, Jesuit Alvaro Arguello, Edgar Parrales of the Managua diocese - made the experiment doubly blessed and likely to succeed.
If such men, duly ordained as priests, could successfully get this new "theological" message across - that the Sandinista revolution was really a religious matter sanctioned by legitimate Church spokesmen - they would have both the [Roman] Catholic clergy and the people as allies in a Marxist-style revolution by armed violence.
[no R. C. was ever excommunicated for engaging in violent revolution ..... JP ]
Without a doubt, the plan had been carefully thought out and elaborated, based on a profound analysis of the Nicaraguan people and of its clergy.
No doubt, too, the first connivers in the scheme were the priests themselves; there are even those in Managua today and among prominent Nicaraguan exiles in Panama, Honduras, and Miami, Florida,who point the finger at Fernando Cardenal as the prime architect of the scheme. But what evidence there is does suggest that he was not the only Jesuit involved.
In any case, the Sandinista undertaking was ever more brilliantly explained, refined, and dinned into the ears of seminarians, nuns, university students, and the popular mind by increasing numbers of their Jesuit, Franciscan, and Maryknoll teachers and lecturers throughout the schools of Central America. The seeding time was well spent in the view of ultimate Marxisation. The pathetic court testimony of the young Nicaraguan Edgard Lang Sacasa told the world as far back as 1977 that it had been his priest educators who had persuaded him and thousands like him to join the Sandinista guerrillas.
Hand in hand with this new Theology of Liberation went, of necessity, the establishment of a new and "pliant" Church structure to replace the old one.
In the traditional Roman Catholic structure, knowledge about God, Christ, Christian salvation, personal morality, and human destiny derived from the hierarchic pastors of the Church - namely, the Pope and his bishops.
They were the only authentic source of knowledge about the faith; apart from them, there was no accurate knowing possible about Christianity. Submission to them and acceptance of their teaching and laws were necessary for salvation.
It was precisely this structure, in which ultimate control is Rome's, that stood between the Sandinistas and the people. And it was precisely this structure that the earlier, European-based architect-theologians of Liberation Theology had criticized. This structure was, Liberation Theologians said, dictated by "a view from above" and "imposed from above" on the people "below."
Franciscan Liberation Theologian Leonardo Boff, teaching in a Brazilian seminary, put it in terms Fernando Cardenal and his clerical colleagues could champion: "There has been a historical process of expropriation of the means of production on the part of the clergy to the detriment of the Christian People." Boff was not talking about industry or commerce, but about theology and religious doctrine; the means of production - the "plant," as he called it - was the preaching of the Gospel.
According to the new theologians, "Roman" and therefore "alien" imposition of religious doctrine was the very reason social injustice and political oppression flourished in lands where this hierarchic [Roman Catholic] Church flourished. In lands such as Latin American countries. In countries such as Nicaragua. On top of that, the argument went on, Christianity and specifically [Roman] Catholicism was not merely alien in and of itself, but had always accompanied actual invasion by alien European cultures. "Alien" - that was the key word.
To counter that alien, imposed structure, the new theologians looked "from below." From the level of the people. From the perspective of oppression and injustice - because that, they said, was all they found "below" among the people. The task, in other words, was to impose the "preferential option" on all the people, rich and poor alike. Immediately, as Fernando Cardenal and the other Sandinista priests quickly realized, a new concept of "Church" was born.
The ordinary body of believers, by revised definition, would become the very source of revelation. The faith of believers would "create" communities among those believers. Base Communities, they are called in Nicaragua and elsewhere in Latin America - "comunidades de base" . And those Communities taken together would form the new "Church," the "People's Church."
These Communities began to form years before the Nicaraguan revolution stormed onto the stage of geopolitics in 1979. Groupings of laymen and laywomen would gather regularly to pray, to read the Bible, to sing hymns, to discuss their local concrete problems in economics and politics; to choose not only their political leaders but their priests as well; and to determine not only the solutions to their secular problems, but how best to worship and what to believe.
It was a dream come true. A dream put into clear words by the same Father Boff: "The sacred power must be put back in the hands of the people." No teaching or directing authority would be allowed "from above," from the alien, hierarchic [Roman Catholic] Church. In fact, the very symbols of that Church must be firmly rejected.
Symbols and all else must only come "from below." From the people. From their Base Communities - nearly 1000 of them in Nicaragua alone, in time; and nearly 300,000 in Latin America at large. The idea of Base Communities spread to the United States, where they are sometimes called "Gatherings."
Fernando Cardenal, Ernesto Cardenal, Miguel D'Escoto Brockman, Edgar Parrales, and Alvaro Arguello were the showcase priests of the Sandinistas, the intended and willing legitimizers of this new "People's Church" that would appropriate
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BREAKING FAITH
by Humberto Belli
Published by GOOD NEWS PUB, Westchester, IL .........1985
ISBN 0-89107-359-0
INTRODUCTION
In July 1979, when a bloody revolution swept away the forty two-year-old Somocista dictatorship in Nicaragua, many eyes looked expectantly to this small Central American nation - especially Christian eyes.
An uninspiring, corrupt, and decadent dictatorship had been overthrown by the massive participation of Nicaraguans from all parts of society. Even more notable, the revolution had been won with the collaboration of Marxists and Christians on a scale unsurpassed by any contemporary revolution.
Thousands of Christians, including. some [Roman] Catholic priests had fought with the Marxist guerrillas. The influential [Roman] Catholic bishops had issued pastoral letters denouncing the government's violations of human rights and spoke about the people's right to rebel in the face of prolonged, unbearable tyranny.
In many ways the Nicaraguan revolution seemed to defy skepticism about the possibility of positive social change in Latin America and to challenge previous judgments about the nature of Marxist revolution and the incompatibility of Christianity and Marxism.
Many among the victorious leaders of the revolution, known as Sandinistas, had expressed sympathy for Marxism-Leninism.
But four [Roman] Catholic priests held positions in the government - minister of foreign affairs, minister of culture, minister of social welfare, and leader of the Sandinista youth movement.
And the Sandinista government promised to follow policies based on the principles of political pluralism, a mixed state-free market economy, nonalignment with either the United States or the Soviet Union, and full respect for human rights, especially the rights of free expression and religious freedom. For many people inside and outside Nicaragua the revolution .............
*END QUOTE*
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From.......... National Catholic Reporter
June 19, 1987
pages 1-2
Reports say clergy in Managua tapped North's war chest
By JIM McMANUS Washington Bureau Chief
SOME FUNDS from Oliver North's secret bank accounts made their way to the Catholic church in Nicaragua, according to press reports and recent congressional testimony. The revelations, at a time of delicate church-state negotiations to relieve tensions in Nicaragua, could damage the credibility of church figures, sources said.
ÒThis is part of an organized campaign against the church. They are trying to eliminate any peaceful solution" to the contra war, said contra spokesman Jorge Rosalez of Miami.
However, the Nicaraguan government made no comment on the fund diversions. As details about the Iran-contra network (See War chest, page 4) ...........
-END QUOTE-
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"It would have meant banishment of those Jesuit priests who preached Communism. These [Roman Catholic] priests sought out the youngsters from the upper class families and indoctrinated them to the Leftist cause. Their effort never ceased."
 
Somoza was a Cardinal Spellman-era Roman Catholic in good standing.
 
From ..... NICARAGUA BETRAYED
by Anastasio Somoza as told to Jack Cox
[shortly before Somoza was gunned down]
Western Islands Publishers
395 Concord Ave. Belmont, MA 02178
copyright 1980 ISBN: 0-88279-235-0
 
pages 23-26, .......... 91-93
Chapter Two .................. HOW IT ALL BEGAN
As far back as 1963, there was guerrilla activity in Nicaragua. These were sporadic attempts by the Leftist movement to influence and control people in some of the remote areas. At that time, the Sandinistas represented no serious threat to the government of Nicaragua. While the government was in the throes of recovering from the earthquake, the guerrillas stepped up their activities in the mountainous northeast section of Nicaragua. This was done after a group of Cubans had crossed over the border on foot and conferred with the rebels. They were told by the Cubans that if they could recruit eight hundred fighting men, they would get all the arms and ammunition they wanted.
The rebel Sandinistas then began sporadic raids in the smaller communities of the northeast. In these raids they murdered eighty justices of the peace. In the eyes of the rebels, these were the local representatives of the government, so they were killed. The rebels even overran the small town of Rio Blanco and, for a short time, held it. So, I dispatched "Bravo" Salazar to this area and he and his men brought an end to that guerrilla activity. However, it was like a malignant cancer. You could stamp out the disease in one part of the body politic and it would suddenly appear in another part. Had I been a dictator, as was claimed by my political opponents and the international press, I could have eliminated the cancer entirely. This would have meant drastic action on my part and curtailment of the freedom I wanted the people of Nicaragua to have.
It would have meant banishment of those Jesuit priests who preached Communism. These priests sought out the youngsters from the upper class families and indoctrinated them to the Leftist cause. Their effort never ceased.
One must understand that within the Jesuit organization there are two religious concepts. One concept is based upon the theological thesis that a priest should be apolitical. This thesis adheres to the philosophy that the Catholic Church has no place in partisan politics.
Now, the other thesis is that it is the responsibility of a priest to become directly involved in partisan politics. But there is a "catcher" to all this. These priests teach Communism. They believe that Jesus Christ was a Communist; and that we will have world peace when all the world is communistic. They teach that capitalism is evil and that all material things should be shunned.
It is noteworthy that Pope John Paul II adheres to the thesis that all priests should be apolitical and should not engage in partisan politics. This religious philosophy has a significant impact upon those young minds which are in the formative stages. This is why children from successful families in Nicaragua turned against their parents. To use a phrase which evolved from the Korean War, it's a form of "brainwashing." An interesting report appeared in the July 11, 1979 issue of Accuracy In Media, Inc. This is a publication which comes out of Washington, D.C. In that issue, AIM quoted Mr. Robert Moss, who writes for the London Daily Telegraph, as follows:
Moss reports that the Sandinista "roving Ambassador," Fr. Ernesto Cardenal, showed up in Teheran last April, where he had long talks with the Ayatollah Khomeini. He broadcast praise for Khomeini over the Teheran Radio on April 8. Moss says that Cardenal has described experiencing his "second conversion" during a three months stay in Cuba in 1970. He established a Catholic commune on an island in Lake Nicaragua, which became a Sandinista recruiting base .........
We knew where Cardenal stood and we knew he was not merely a "philosopher poet," as he was described by some members of the press. He was only one priest whose political philosophy was exposed to a limited number of people. Most of them working under the cloak of priesthood, conducted their subversive activities without the exposure of public scrutiny.
I can't stress strongly enough the role that the priests played in the Sandinista movement.
I say again that the influence they exercised on their young students was far greater than an outsider could comprehend. And the quote from Mr. Robert Moss is revealing in another way. It shows the relationship between the Sandinistas and the Ayatollah Khomeini.
In Nicaragua there were many priests who actively opposed our government and continually painted me as some sort of an ogre. A number of these priests came from the United States and Spain, and they seemed more dedicated to the Communist cause than the local priests.
Naturally, I knew who these men were and I knew what they were teaching. Of course, we had intelligence sources and at any given moment I could have told you the names of those priests who wanted me dead and the government in the hands of the Communists. Had I been a dictator, such as Fidel Castro, or the leaders in any of the Soviet-controlled countries, these priests would have been banished or they would have been liquidated. After all, they were truly subversives and they were advocating the overthrow of the government. But I have always believed in freedom of religion and, even though these misguided priests sought to destroy me, I chose not to impose sanctions against them. Rather, I tried to monitor their activities and curtail, as much as possible, their field of influence.
If I had taken hostile action against this segment of the Catholic Church, I can visualize the hasty retaliation by the international press. SOMOZA DENIES RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN NICARAGUA, or, DICTATOR SOMOZA KICKS PRIESTS IN THE TEETH - so the headlines would have read. Automatically, world opinion would have been against the government of Nicaragua and I would have been the devil with horns.
With only one side of the story, the Vatican would have had misgivings, the U.S. Congress would have denounced me, and condemnation would have come from every section of the world. It's ironical, but there are literally thousands of loyal Catholics in Nicaragua today who wish I had taken such a course.
I encountered substantial opposition from certain university staff members and students. They opposed me, my government, and the free enterprise system. The university was a hotbed of Communist activity and Leftist indoctrination was a way of life on the campus.
The same question is propounded again. Why did I permit such subversive activity at the National University? There is a parallel here to freedom of religion. I'm a great believer in excellence in higher education, and libertad de catedra.
In order to achieve excellence, I believe this sector of our society must not be fenced in. In other words, I feel it is wrong to impose educational limits. Such limitation can only deter mental expansion. The mind is a wonder to behold and intelligence capabilities will not be achieved if we autocratically install horizons beyond which a scholar cannot reach. In all Communist countries, as in Nicaragua now, there are strict governmental controls on what can be taught and what can't be taught. This is particularly true in the fields of history, philosophy, sociology, and any subject relating to the humanities. In intellect, therefore, the students who graduate from those universities have peripheral limitations.
With my high school education at La Salle in the United States and my most excellent education at West Point, I learned the meaning of expanded intellectual horizons. Not only did I study science, mathematics, physics, and other such engineering background courses, I was privileged to learn about other peoples, other governments, other languages, and a broad range of philosophical adventures were open to me. This kind of system is what I wanted for Nicaragua. And perhaps this explains why I opposed educational control. It was my dream that one day the National University of Nicaragua would have equivalency with any university in the world. A dictator would have stepped in and said, you can teach this course and you can teach that course but here are a list of subjects you cannot teach.
Contrary to the image created by the international news media, I was duly elected President of Nicaragua by the people of Nicaragua, and it was not a dictatorial position from which I could rule the country by decree. The National University of Nicaragua had autonomy and my political party and I believed it should be autonomous. Like all universities in the United States and countries of the free world, our university was run by a board of regents. The makeup of that board would astonish you. The govern .............End page 26
SANDINO AND SANDINISTA
page 91
..........life on four different occasions. I couldn't save his life the fifth time. He had decided to abandon the urban areas and went to the bush with other guerrillas. In an encounter with the Guardia Nacional in the bush, Carlos Fonseca Amador was shot and killed. Then the FSLN, or the Sandinistas, had no leader.
At that time, the Leftist priests moved in to fill a void. They continued the work of Carlos Fonseca but at a much higher economic level.
In the Jesuit schools, the seeds of discontent and, basically, the seeds of Communism, were sown. Their doctrine was spread to the children from affluent families, and with many the doctrine was accepted.
You had young men like the Carrion Cruz boys, and the Langs Sacasa for example. They became avowed Communists and they had received their training from the Jesuit priests. Perhaps the foregoing again illustrates the liberty which existed in Nicaragua. Not a single school in which the Jesuits were teaching their communistic philosophy was ever closed.
It is my belief that Nicaragua was pinpointed in Latin America as the key government to destroy, and that the Jesuit priests figured prominently in the planning.
One might ask why, of all the countries in Central America, was Nicaragua pinpointed as the country to be taken? The answer is that we had a successful government. Our country was financially sound. Nicaragua had progress and the future looked bright for all of our people. Also, we had a successful political system based upon a constitutional form of government. More importantly, the people of Nicaragua were, and still are, anti-Communist. They believed in individual liberty and they were proud of their country. Moreover, Nicaragua had earned the respect of her neighbors. Their belief, and it was a sound concept, was that if Nicaragua could be taken by the Left, then the remaining countries in Central America could not stand the pressure. And one by one, they would also succumb to the Leftist onslaught.
With the death of Carlos Fonseca Amador, there was no one single leader of the Sandinistas. This situation would not last long. Shortly, the Sandinistas would have three distinct factions. These were the Communists, the Christian Sandinistas and the Terciary group.
Carlos Fonseca was gone and it was believed the movement could be easily stolen. They didn't realize that at that very moment, Castro had three hundred men trained to be leaders in the movement, and these were the men who took control of it. Additionally, we knew of many who had gone to the Soviet Union and to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to be trained. Some of the Sandinistas had been active with the PLO in Israel ten years previously. All in all, it can be stated with finality that the Sandinistas represent the movement of the people in Latin America which is against the United States.
I have talked to Sandinistas who are not Nicaraguans and who are not Communists, but they support the movement because it is strongly against the United States. One who is not familiar with the modus operandi of the Leftist priests might think that Somoza has to pick on someone, so why not the priests? On this important issue, there is complete verification and my word doesn't have to be taken. To make verification as current as possible, I refer anyone to the New York Times issue of February 8, 1980. The article by the Times writer, Alan Riding, is quite revealing. His article is headlined as follows: NEW NICARAGUA REGIME RECOGNIZES CHURCH'S POTENT ROLE.
From my viewpoint, this is a fascinating article because it backs up my every contention in reference to the Jesuit priests. First, Riding recognizes there are two factions amongst the priests - the apolitical and political. In reference to the political segment, Mr. Riding had this to say:
In Nicaragua, this change was first apparent among priests, often Jesuits, teaching in private Catholic schools: by the mid-1970's, many of their former students, children of wealthy families, had joined the guerrillas. And as the fight against President Anastasio Somoza Debayle intensified, several priests joined the Sandinistas, while others helped organize slum neighborhoods in preparation for last year's successful insurrection. But at the level of the priests, the church was participating fully in the revolution. The Rev. Miguel d'Escoto was named Foreign Minister, the Rev. Ernesto Cardinal became Minister of Culture, the Rev. Fernando Cardenal was placed in charge of the literacy crusade and the Rev. Xavier Gorostiaga was given a key role in the Ministry of Planning. Many parish priests, who had collaborated with the rebels, began organizing their community for the reconstruction effort .
How could it be stated more clearly, and how could I ask for a more clearly defined position of the Jesuit priests? It's all there. It should be made clear, however, that, at the priest level, the Communists have successfully infiltrated Catholic orders other than the Jesuits.
My sympathy goes out to the people of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.
The Jesuit priests, in collaboration with the Cuban-trained guerrillas, are following the same course in those countries that they followed in Nicaragua.
If they are able to pursue effectively their preconceived plan of action, then those countries, too, will fall. The plague of the Sandinistas and the ghost of Augusto Cesar Sandino have already fallen upon those other Central American Republics. It's one down and four to go in Central America but, in reality, it's one down and nineteen to go in Latin America.
[picture caption]- "General Anastasio Somoza and brother Luis flank Cardinal Spellman. This photograph was given to Somoza by Cardinal Spellman who had inscribed upon it the following message:
'General and Mrs. Anastasio Somoza, with a blessing for their families and themselves. Respectfully, F. Cardinal Spellman.'"
*END QUOTE*
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Reagan's first head of the CIA, Roman Catholic "Knight of Malta" William Casey, is credited with creating and funding RC Cardinal Bravo's 'Contras'.
 
From ................................. New Internationalist
February 1988
By "Father" John Medcalf
"Father" John Medcalf is a British RC priest in Nicaragua.
SUNDAY, BLOODY SUNDAY
THE last few days have been the worst of my life so far . Our village (Muelle de los Bueyes) has been attacked by over 500 well-equipped Contras. The battle began at three in the morning and continued uninterrupted until past daybreak. [-----------]
The Contras surged into several of the village streets, where we heard them shouting defiant angry slogans ["We don t want your amnesty" ]. The Sandinistas were forced Into a temporary retreat but returned later with reinforcements to do battle in the streets. The bridge was saved and the Contras eventually dispersed when their supply of ammunition came to an end. [-------------]
It was just four months ago that I met my first Contras face to face. I had been visiting villages to the north of the parish. They must have been watching from a hilltop as I rode towards them because suddenly I was surrounded by a company of about 40 soldiers, all aged between 17 and 18 years.
One held up a Bible and a rosary, but none spoke until an older man, their commanding officer, strode up with an outstretched hand which I shook without enthusiasm. He spoke with a deference that was almost fawning: they were fighting to save their country from an atheistic dictatorship. Nobody desired peace more than these loyal sons of the [Roman] Catholic Church. Their victory against the Soviet Sandinistas was inevitable.
I remained seated on my mule, uncomfortably aware that my every gesture and expression was being carefully observed. The slightest word of encouragement would have elicited wild cheering, I felt. Looking back I wish I'd been more courageous.
I told them that the Sandinista soldiers were also [Roman] Catholics; were also fighting for their country; were also longing for peace. I urged them to listen to the voice of their individual conscience. And I suppose the general coldness of my tone conveyed my disapproval of their activities. Then I looked at my watch, pretended to be surprised at the lateness of the hour, and dug both spurs into the flanks of the mule, hoping to God that a bullet would not follow my hasty departure.
Two or three hundred villagers kept me busy that evening. All the prayers were for peace and for those who were fighting - in both armies. Afterwards, while the congregation said the rosary, praying for an end to the war,[------]
*END QUOTE*
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

From ............................. NEWSWEEK
June 15, 1987
page 27-28
"A symbol of opposition to Sandinista rule: Cardinal Obando y Bravo"
[caption under a picture of Cardinal Bravo]
COVERT AID AND THE CHURCH
DID THE CIA AND OLLIE NORTH HELP A CARDINAL ?
The contras call him nuestro cardenal, "our" cardinal.
President Reagan has quoted him to discredit the Sandinistas and rally Congress to vote aid to the rebels. Within Nicaragua, he has drawn tens of thousands of supporters into the streets, shouting, "Christianity, yes, communism, no. " Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo, archbishop of Managua, is a leading symbol of internal opposition to Sandinista rule.
A dogged, canny figure who insists he is above politics, [ha ha ha ha..... jp] Obando has come to represent a deep current of protest in a country that brooks little open dissent.
Because Obando is seen as a bulwark against the Sandinistas, he and the Roman Catholic Church in Nicaragua have received support from around the world. NEWSWEEK has learned that his church also may have received hundreds of thousands of dollars in covert aid from the United States - from the CIA until 1985, and then, after official government aid was stopped by congressional oversight committees, from Oliver North's rogue operation in the White House basement.
There is no evidence that the cardinal knew the source of the funding. In an interview last week with NEWSWEEK'S Joseph Contreras in Managua, he flatly denied getting aid from the CIA, North or Richard Miller, a North associate who is said to have acted as a conduit for the money.
Obando said the suggestion that he had received aid from the CIA was "a tremendous slander" and "a falsehood." He added vehemently, "I have not received donations from Mr. Richard Miller."
Sources in the U.S. intelligence community and the Nicaraguan opposition provide a picture of how the CIA operation may have worked. The CIA, sources say, used a maze of independent "cutouts" to shield both itself and the Nicaraguan recipients from knowledge of each other's identity - so-called double deniability.
Former contra leader Edgar Chamorro suggests that some of the agency money was channeled through the contras themselves. "The CIA was working through all these [contra] directors," Chamorro says, "using them to buy everybody." The money is said to have made its way into Nicaragua in a variety of ways: wired into archdiocese accounts, carried in by contra couriers and passed directly to church lay workers traveling outside the country.
The General Accounting Office, which was investigating the use of U.S. humanitarian aid to the contras, unexpectedly found a signature card with Obando's name on it apparently linking the churchman to an account at BAC International, a Cayman Islands bank used by the agency and the contras. NEWSWEEK'S sources could not say whether the signature had been verified as that of Obando.
In 1985 congressional committees moved to stop the CIA aid out of concern that the church would be compromised if the covert operation was exposed. At that point, sources say, North and his White House crew got involved, circumventing the oversight panels.
One American with ties to the operation recalls that North himself expressed interest in helping Obando some time in 1985 - although in later months Richard Miller, a key financial player in North's private aid network, seems to have handled the transactions. (In a separate matter involving covert military aid to the contras, Miller has since pleaded guilty to charges that he and North conspired to defraud the U.S. Treasury.)
When asked if he helped channel aid to the church, Miller said last week: "I'm not in a position to discuss any of the substance." Sources say payments eventually went out through one of the many shell corporations that North and his colleagues set up to fund their various operations. North's cutouts, the sources say, funneled at least $125,000 to the church through the Cayman account and banks in New York and Miami. Some of the money was reportedly used to fund seminarian training and a November "Eucharistic Congress" that helped draw attention to the church's conflict with the Sandinistas.
Other payments, a source says, went to Frederico Arguello, a conservative priest close to Obando. Arguello confirmed to NEWSWEEK that he had received $31,000, but refused to say who arranged the payments. The money, he says, was deposited in a New York bank and then sent to Nicaragua "to help the church and the poor."
Outside money: Like the contra rebels based outside Nicaragua, the church and other opposition to the Marxist government make little secret of their need for foreign support. As one of Obando's top aides, Msgr. Bismarck Carballo, now living in exile, puts it: "In Nicaragua, everyone receives money from outside." Obando's archdiocese openly took assistance from the U.S. Agency for International Development in 1982, and when that was blocked he sought help from U.S. Catholics and business executives.
Referring to the secret U.S. aid, one source in the intelligence community says, "Maybe [Obando] thought it was just another rich North American or West German." A clue to what the money may have been used for can be gleaned from an internal memo circulated in May 1984 at W.R. Grace & Co., which reportedly helped arrange for a foundation contribution to the church for Bibles and religious articles. Obando, the memo says, was soliciting private aid for "leadership" courses and "religious instruction" to "thwart the Marxist-Leninist policies of the Sandinistas."
What, if anything, is wrong with this sort of effort to support the democratic opposition? The problem in Nicaragua is that such aid, if it becomes public, plays into the Sandinistas' hands. It allows them to call church leaders "U.S. Iackeys," undermining their credibility with all but the most conservative of Nicaraguans. It also provides yet another excuse to crack down on the whole spectrum of democratic opposition. In the end, the risk of such an operation is that it will likely hurt the very people Washington is trying to help.
ROBERT PARRY and TAMAR JACOBY
A maze of shell corporaffons and clandestine links: Flow chart found in North's safe - [in sidebox]
-END QUOTE-
While the above is taking place, Roman Catholic KNIGHT OF MALTA
William Casey is the head of the American CIA
and another Roman Catholic is Secretary of State.
Head of W.R. Grace & Co. [mentioned above] is Peter Grace,
who was head of the American branch of the KNIGHTS OF MALTA.
 
Bear in mind that Roman Catholic [mostly Jesuit] priests CREATED
and held leadership positions within the "Sandinista" government.
 
"The CIA has covertly funded key Sandinista opponents for years, including at times 'La Prensa' and the Roman Catholic Church, say intelligence sources." [NEWSWEEK July 25, 1988]
 
"Report says clergy in Managua tapped North's war chest" "Some funds from Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North's secret bank account made their way to the Catholic church in Nicaragua, according to press reports and recent congressional testimony." [Jim McManus, Washington Bureau Chief, National Catholic Reporter ]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Vatican Power, Witchcraft 
And Top US Officials
US High-Level Officials Are Only Subservient
Vassals For Vatican Power and Witchcraft
By Greg Szymanski 
Arctic Beacon.com
11-9-6
Although Americans are hoping the recent mid-term elections provided a glimmer of hope, it should be understood that the U.S. is really only a subservient vassal under the immense control of Vatican witchcraft and power.
 
For example, five of the eight U.S. Supreme Court Justices are Roman Catholic with their first allegiance to the Pope and his fascist agenda, not America.
 
Besides the corrupted judiciary, the U.S. is being used to subdue and destroy the Middle East for the Vatican, as many of America's top military leaders are Roman Catholics with their first allegiance to Rome, not America.
 
In fact every major political appointment made by the illegal occupant of the White House and Luciferian Skull and Bonesman, George W. Bush, has been consistently Roman Catholic.
 
Listen to a Vatican researcher who connects the dots among the Illuminati, the Bush administration and the Vatican, all trying to destroy America silently from within with lies and deceptions:
 
"Examples include Opus Dei John Roberts, Samuel Alito appointed to the Roman Rota of the U.S. empire- the U.S. Supreme Court, Gen. Peter Pace (Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), Michael Peter Jackson to the SS of the American Reich the Department of Homeland (Romeland) Security, Alberto Gonzales to the post of U.S. Attorney General and many, many more.
 
"Honorary Shriner and Knight of Malta former President Ronald Reagan's administration was the most Roman Catholic but I think the Bush administration now holds that record. Former CIA director Knight of Malta George J. Tenet, Jesuit-trained at the Walsh School of Foreign Service was rewarded for his bold act of high treason with a professorship at his alma mater. Former CIA director Skull and Bonesman, Porter Goss, will be rewarded for his secretive actions. I wouldn't surprised if Georgetown or Fordham soon gives him a professorship.
 
"The fact that the Bush Administration is predominately Roman Catholic might be an indication that a concordat with the Unholy See was secretly signed during one of Bush's audiences with Papal Antichrist JPII. I don't know for sure.
 
"Recently, Luciferian Emperor Bush said that his brother Jeb became a Third Degree Knight of Columbus. And 33rd Degree Freemason, Southern Baptist devotee of the pagan goddess Gaia Al Gore is also one of them.
 
"It doesn't matter who the Archbishop of New York selects the same wicked Jesuit agenda will be served by his puppet in the White House who is nothing more than a slave to the Jesuits of Georgetown University, his local boss Theodore Cardinal McCarrick who was trained by Jesuits at Fordham and ordained to the Romanist priesthood by Francis Cardinal Spellman in 1958 and his national political boss Jesuit-trained Edward Cardinal Egan." There of course would be no problem with Catholics involved in government if history hasn't already proved that the Vatican and Jesuit Order's intentions have always been to destroy freedom, not advance it.
 
Here again listen to a Jesuit and Vatican researcher connect the dots between high military leaders trained at Jesuit-Georgetown and connected to the Knights of Malta, a powerful organization in America fronting Vatican power and dominance over U.S. foreeigh and domestic policy.
 
"According to a February 2006 speech by Georgetown president Jesuit-trained Knight of Malta and CFR member John "Jack" J. DeGioia USMC Gen. Peter Pace Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff successor of CFR member Richard Myers is a Georgetown alum having been "a member of the School of Foreign Service's Leadership Seminar 14 years ago.
 
"He has also come back several times to speak to current seminars as an alumnus, and has publicly lauded the program for the manner it enables connections and friendships to be made around the globe." and was awarded the President's Medal (of Georgetown University Other recipients of this award include according to DeGioia, "It has been presented to heads of state during their visits to campus, as well as three guests this evening: President Aznar, [SMOM] Secretary Nicholson in his previous role as Ambassador to the Holy See, and [Jesuit-trained] Senator Leahy. I take great pride in adding General Peter Pace, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to that distinguished list. General Pace, please step forward.
 
"SMOM DeGioia said, 'Our motto here at Georgetown is "Utraque Unum" or, "Both and One."  It is often used to ensure we look at two sides of things-so it can sometimes refer to art and science, sometimes to body and soul, sometimes to mind and spirit. The motto of the Marine Corps is another Latin phrase: "Semper Fidelis" or, "Always Faithful.
 
 
'Would you please all join me in a two-part toast? First, to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Pete Pace. His "always faithful" service, integrity and loyalty as a joint officer and a Marine, as a scholar and a warrior, and as an officer and a gentleman are an inspiration to leaders everywhere. And second, to his wonderful wife, Lynne. Her care and mentorship of others at the USO, with at American With Disabilities, at overseas orphanages, and at so many other places of need show that her inner core values are easily the equal of any Marine, and of any Jesuit.'
 
 
According to another recent article, Gen. Pace in his speech to the John Carroll Society said
 
"I stand before you as someone who is appreciative... who truly does believe this award is in anticipation of future conduct," Pace said.
 
And the Vatican researcher wondered after hearing this speech:
 
"Could the true meaning of this quote be that the future betrayal of U.S. troops in the Middle East is anticipated by Jesuit-trained Pace and his masters-the Jesuits of Georgetown? I think so. He is being rewarded for his obedience to the Order and his future complicity in the destruction of the U.S. Armed Forces most of whom unknowingly serve the Papacy.
 
 
"I honestly believe Jesuit-trained Pace, NATO Supreme Commander James L. Jones, George Casey Jr., Georgetown Law dropout Donald Rumsfeld and CFR member John Abizaid will very soon at the command of their Jesuit masters and their Council on Foreign Relations betray U.S. troops in the Middle East. The Jesuit connection to this war of annihilation against the Muslim peoples and at the same time U.S. soldiers most of whom are unaware that they are cannon fodder for a Jesuit-led Papal Crusade is unmistakable. It is no coincidence that these are connected to Georgetown University, Opus Dei, and the Council on Foreign Relations.
 
"I suspect Pace is also a member of Opus Dei given his connection to Jesuit-trained Romanist priest Peter Vaghi of the Church of the Little Flower and chaplain of the John Carroll Society of which Peter Pace, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts who has ties to Jesuit Georgetown having been an Adjunct Professor in London, Jesuit-trained Supreme Court Justice and Opus Dei member Antonin Scalia are members." http://www.johncarrollsociety.org/new_page_7.htm
 
To illustrate how President Reagan sold out his country by re-establishing diplomatic relations with the Vatican, read this portion of Chapter 1. Subliminal Rome, from Tupper Saussy's book, Rulers of Evil.
 
When a Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter announced in his 1992 Time Magazine cover story that a "conspiracy" binding President Ronald Reagan and Pope John Paul II into a "secret, holy alliance" had brought about the demise of communism, at least one reader saw through the hype.
 
Professor Carol A. Brown of the University of Massachusetts fired off a letter to Time's editors saying,
 
Last week I taught my students about the separation of church and state. This week I learned that the Pope is running U.S. foreign policy. No wonder our young people are cynical about American ideals.
 
What Brown had learned from Carl Bernstein I had discovered for myself over several years of private investigation: the papacy really does run United States foreign policy, and always has.
 
Yes, Bernstein noted that the leading American players behind the Reagan/Vatican conspiracy, to a man, were "devout Roman Catholics"  namely, William Casey (Director, CIA), Richard Allen (National Security Advisor), Judge William Clark (National Security Advisor), Alexander Haig (Secretary of State), Vernon Walters (Ambassador-at-Large), and William Wilson (Ambassador to the Vatican State).
 
But the reporter neglected to mention that the entire Senate Foreign Relations committee was governed by Roman Catholics, as well. Specifically, Senators Joseph Biden (Subcommittee on European Affairs), Paul Sarbanes (International Economic Policy, Trade, Oceans, and Environment), Daniel P. Moynihan (Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs), John Kerry (Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Communications) and Christopher Dodd (Western Hemi-sphere and Peace Corps Affairs).
 
Bernstein would have been wandering off-point to list the Roman Catholic leaders of American domestic policy, such as Senate majority leader George Mitchell and Speaker of the House Tom Foley. In fact, when the holy alliance story hit the stands, there was virtually no arena of federal legislative activity, according to The 1992 World Almanac of US Politics, that was not directly controlled by a Roman Catholic senator or representative. The committees and subcommittees of the United States Senate and House of Representatives governing commerce, communications and telecommunications, energy, medicine, health, education and welfare, human services, consumer protection, finance and financial institutions, transportation, labor and unemployment, hazardous materials, taxation, bank regulation, currency and monetary policy, oversight of the Federal Reserve System, commodity prices, rents services, small business administration, urban affairs, European affairs, Near Eastern & South Asian affairs, terrorism/narcotics/ international communications, international economic/trade/ oceans/environmental policy, insurance, housing, community development, federal loan guarantees, economic stabilization measures (including wage and price controls), gold and precious metals transactions, agriculture, animal and forestry industries, rural issues, nutrition, price supports, Food for Peace, agricultural exports, soil conservation, irrigation, stream channelization, floodcontrol, minority enterprise, environment and pollution, appropriations, defense, foreign operations, vaccines, drug labeling and packaging, drug and alcohol abuse, inspection and certification of fish and processed food, use of vitamins and saccharin, national health insurance proposals, human services, legal services, family relations, the arts and humanities, the handicapped, and aging  in other words, virtually every aspect of secular life in America  came under the chairmanship of one of these Roman Catholic laypersons:
 
Frank Annunzio Joseph Biden Silvio Conte Kika De la Garza John Dingell Christopher Dodd Vic Fazio James Florio Henry Gonzalez Thomas Harkin Edward Kennedy John Kerry John LaFalce Patrick Leahy Charles Luken Edward Madigan Edward Markey Joseph McDade Barbara Mikulski George Miller Daniel Moynihan John Murtha Mary Rose Oakar David Obey Claiborne Pell Charles Rangel Dan Rostenkowski or Edward Roybal.
 
Vatican Council II's Constitution on the Church (1964) instructs politicians to use their secular offices to advance the cause of Roman Catholicism. Catholic laypersons, "whoever they are, are called upon to expend all their energy for the growth of the Church and its continuous sanctification," and "to make the Church present and operative in those places and circumstances where only through them can it become the salt of the earth" (iv, 33).
 
Vatican II further instructs all Catholics "by their competence in secular disciplines and by their activity [to] vigorously contribute their effort so that the goods of this world may be more equitably distributed among all men, and may in their own way be conducive to universal progress in human and Christian freedom and [to] remedy the customs and conditions of the world, if they are an inducement to sin, so that they all may be conformed to the norms of justice and may favor the practice of virtue rather than hinder it" (iv, 36).
 
Vatican II affirms Catholic doctrine dating back to 1302, when Pope Boniface VIII asserted that "it is absolutely necessary for the salvation of every human creature to be subject to the Roman Pontiff." This was the inspiration for the papacy to create the United States of America that materialized in 1776, by a process just as secret as the Reagan-Vatican production of Eastern Europe in 1989. What? American government Roman Catholic from the beginning?
 
Consider: the land known today as the District of Columbia bore the name "Rome" in 1663 property records; and the branch of the Potomac River that bordered "Rome" on the south was called "Tiber." This information was reported in the 1902 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia's article on Daniel Carroll. The article, specifically declaring itself "of interest to Catholics" in the 1902 edition, was deleted from the New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967).
 
Other facts were reported in 1902 and deleted from 1967. For example, when Congress met in Washington for the first time, in November, 1800, "the only two really comfortable and imposing houses within the bounds of the city" belonged to Roman Catholics. One was Washington's first mayor, Robert Brent. The other was Brent's brother-in-law, Notley Young, a Jesuit priest.
 
Daniel Carroll was a Roman Catholic congressman from Maryland who signed two of America's fundamental documents, the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution. Carroll was a direct descendant of the Calverts, a Catholic family to whom King Charles I of England had granted Maryland as a feudal barony. Carroll had received his education at St. Omer's Jesuit College in Flanders, where young English-speaking Catholics were trained in a variety of guerrilla techniques for advancing the cause of Roman Catholicism among hostile Protestants.
 
In 1790, President George Washington, a Protestant, appointed Congressman Carroll to head a commission of three men to select land for the "federal city" called for in the Constitution. Of all places, the commission chose "Rome," which at the time consisted of four farms, one of which belonged to Daniel Carroll. It was upon Carroll's farm that the new government chose to erect its most important building, the Capitol.
 
The American Capitol abounds with clues of its Roman origins. "Freedom," the Roman goddess whose statue crowns the dome, was created in Rome at the studio of American sculptor Thomas Crawford. We find a whole pantheon of Roman deities in the great fresco covering the dome's interior rotunda: Persephone, Ceres, Freedom, Vulcan, Mercury, even a deified George Washington. These figures were the creation of Vatican artist Constantino Brumidi.
 
The fact that the national Statehouse evolved as a "capitol" bespeaks Roman influence. No building can rightly be called a capitol unless it's a temple of Jupiter, the great father-god of Rome who ruled heaven with his thunderbolts and nourished the earth with his fertilizing rains. If it was a capitolium, it belonged to Jupiter and his priests.
 
Jupiter's mascot was the eagle, which the founding fathers made their mascot as well. A Roman eagle tops the governing idol of the House of Representatives, a forty-six-inch sterling silverand- ebony wand called a "mace." The mace is "the symbol of authority in the House." When the Sergeant-at-arms displays it before an unruly member of Congress, the mace restores order. Its position at the rostrum tells whether the House is in "committee" or in "session."
 
America's national motto "Annuit Coeptis" came from a prayer to Jupiter. It appears in Book IX of Virgil's epic propaganda, the Aeneid, a poem commissioned just before the birth of Christ by Caius Maecenas, the multi-billionaire power behind Augustus Caesar. The poem's objective was to fashion Rome into an imperial monarchy for which its citizens would gladly sacrifice their lives. Fascism may be an ugly word to many, but its stately emblem is apparently offensive to no one. The emblem of fascism, a pair of them, commands the wall above and behind the speaker's rostrum in the Chamber of the House of Representatives. They're called fasces, and I can think of no reason for them to be there other than to declare the fascistic nature of American republican democracy.
 
A fasces is a Roman device. Actually, it originated with the ancient Etruscans, from whom the earliest Romans derived their religious jurisprudence nearly three thousand years ago. It's an axe-head whose handle is a bundle of rods tightly strapped together by a red sinew. It symbolizes the ordering of priestly functions into a single infallible sovereign, an autocrat who could require life and limb of his subjects. If the fasces is entwined with laurel, like the pair on the House wall, it signifies Caesarean military power. The Romans called this infallible sovereign Pontifex Maximus, "Supreme Bridgebuilder."
 
No Roman was called Pontifex Maximus until the title was given to Julius Caesar in 48 BC. Today's Pontifex Maximus is Pope John Paul II.
 
As we shall discover in a forthcoming chapter, John Paul does not hold that title alone. He shares it with a mysterious partner, a military man, a man holding an office that has been known for more than four centuries as "Papa Nero," the Black Pope. I shall present evidence that the House fasces represent the Black Pope, who indeed rules the world.
 
Later, I will develop what is sure to become a controversial hypothesis: that the Black Pope rules by divine appointment, and for the ultimate good of mankind.
 
www.arcticbeacon.com
 
 
 




DOCUMENTS

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE, 64th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, VOLUME 53, PART 7, Page 6781, April 25th 1916 - Secret Treaty Of Verona

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE.
64th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION
VOLUME 53, PART 7
Page 6781

 25 April 1916

      I wish to put in the RECORD the secret treaty of Verona of  November 22, 1822, showing what this ancient conflict is between the rule of the few and the rule of the many.   I wish to call the attention of the Senate to this treaty because it is the threat of this treaty which was the basis of the Monroe doctrine.   It throws a powerful white light upon the conflict between monarchial government and government by the people.   The Holy Alliance under the influence of Metternich, the Premier of Austria, in 1822, issued this remarkable secret document :

[American Diplomatic Code,  1778 - 1884,  vol.  2 ;  Elliott,  p. 179.]


SECRET TREATY OF VERONA

      The  undersigned,  specially  authorized  to  make  some  additions  to  the  treaty  of  the  Holy  Alliance,  after  having  exchanged  their  respective  credentials,  have  agreed  as  follows :

      ARTICLE  1.   The  high  contracting  powers  being  convinced  that  the  system  of  representative  govern- ment  is  egually  as  incompatible  with  the  monarchial  principles  as  the  maxim  of  the  sovereignty  of   the  people with  the  high  devine  right,  engage mutually  in  the  most  solemn  manner,  to  use  all  their  efforts  to  put  an  end  to  the  system  of  representative  governments,  in  whatever  country  it  may  exhist  in  Europe,  and  to  prevent its  being  introduced  in  those  countries  where  it  is  not  yet  known.

      ART.  2.   As  it  can  not  be  doubted  that  the  liberty  of  the  press  is  the  most  powerful  means  used  by  the  pretended  supporters  of  the  rights  of  nations  to  the  detrement  of   those  princes,  the  high  contracting  parties promise  reciprocally  to  adopt  all  proper  measures  to  suppress  it,  not  only  in  their  own  states  but  also  in  the  rest  of  Europe.

      ART.  3.   Convinced  that  the  principles  of  religion  contribute  most  powerfully  to  keep  nations  in  the  state  of  passive  obedience  which  they  owe  to  their  princes,  the  high  contracting  parties  declare  it  to  be  their intention  to  sustain  in  their  respective  States  those  measures  which  the  clergy  may  adopt,  with  the  aim  of  ameliorating  their  own  interests,  so  intimately  connected  with  the  preservation  of  the  authority  of  the  princes ; and  the  contracting  powers  join  in  offering  their  thanks  to  the  Pope  for  what  he  has  already  done  for  them,  and  solicit  his  constant  cooperation  in  their  views  of  submitting  the  nations.

      ART.  4.   The  situation  of   Spain  and  Portugal  unite  unhappily  all  the  circumstances  to  which  this treaty  has  particular  reference.    The  high  contracting  parties,  in  confiding  to  France  the  care  of  putting  an  end  to them,  engaged  to  assist  her  in  the  manner  which  may  the  least  compromit  them  with  their  own  people  and  the  people  of  France  by  means  of  a  subsidy  on  the  part  of  the  two  empires  of  20,000,000  of  francs  every year  from  the  date  of  the  signature  of  this  treaty  to  the  end  of  the  war.

      ART.  5.   In  order  to  establish  in  the  Peninsula  the  order  of  things  which  exhisted  before  the  revolution  of  Cadiz,  and  to  insure  the  entire  execution  of  the  articles  of  the  present  treaty,  the  high  contracting  parties give  to  each  other  the  reciprocal  assurance  that  as  long  as  their  views  are  not  fulfilled,  rejecting  all  other  ideas  of  utility  or  other  measure  to  be  taken,  they  will  address  themselves  with  the  shortest  possible  delay  to all  the  authorities  exhisting  in  their  States  and  to  all  their  agents  in  foreign  countries,  with  the  view  to  establish  connections  tending  toward  the  accomplishment  of  the  objects  proposed  by  this  treaty.

      ART.  6.   This  treaty  shall  be  renewed  with  such  changes  as  new  circumstances  may  give  occasion  for,  either  at  a  new  congress  or  at  the  court  of  one  of  the  contracting  parties,  as  soon  as  the  war  with  Spain shall  be  terminated.

      ART.  7.   The  present  treaty  shall  be  ratified  and  the  ratifications  exchanged  at  Paris  within  the  space  of  six  months.

Made  at  Verona  the  22d  November,  1822.

 

For  Austria :-----------------------------------------------------METTERNICH.

 

For  France :------------------------------------------------CHATEAUBRIAND.

 

For  Prussia :---------------------------------------------------------BERNSTET.

 

For  Russia :------------------------------------------------------NESSELRODE.

 

      I ask to have printed in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD this secret treaty, because I think it ought to be called now to the attention of the people of the United States and of the world.   This evidence of the conflict between the rule of the few verses popular government should be emphasized on the minds of the people of the United States, that the conflict now waging throughout the world may be more clearly understood, for after all said the great pending war springs from the weakness and frailty of government by the few, where human error is far more probable than the error of the many where aggressive war is only permitted upon the authorizing vote of those whose lives are jeopardized in the trenches of modern war.

      Mr.  SHAFROTH.   Mr. President, I should like to have the senator state whether in that treaty there was not a coalition formed between the powerful countries of Europe to reestablish the sovereignty of Spain in the Republics of South and Central America?

      Mr.  OWEN.   I was just going to comment upon that, and I am going  to take but a few moments to do so because I realize the preasure of other matters.   This Holy Alliance, having put a Bourbon  prince upon the throne of  France by force, then used France to suppress the constitution of Spain immediately afterwards, and by this very treaty gave her a subsidy of 20,000,000 francs annually to enable her to wage war upon the people of Spain and to prevent their exercise of any measure of the right of self-government.   The Holy Alliance immediately did the same thing in Italy, by sending Austrian troops to Italy, where the people there attempted to exercise a like measure of liberal constitutional self-government ;  and it was not until the printing press, which the Holy Alliance so stoutly opposed, taught the people of Europe the value of liberty that finally one country after another seized a greater and greater right of self government, until now it may be fairly said that nearly all the nations of Europe have a very large measure of self government.    However, I wish to call the attention of the Senate and the country to this important history in the growth of  constitutional popular self-government.    The Holy Alliance made its powers felt by the wholesale drastic suppression of the press in Europe, by universal censorship, by killing free speech and all ideas of popular rights, and by the complete suppression of popular government.    The Holy Alliance having destroyed popular government in Spain and in Italy, had well-laid plans also to destroy popular government in the American colonies which had revolted from Spain and Portugal in Central and South America under the influence of the successful example of the United States.    It was because of this conspiracy against the American Republics by the Europian monarchies that the great English statesman, Canning, called the attention of our government to it, and our statesmen then, including Thomas Jefferson, took an active part to bring about the declaration by President Monroe in his next annual message to the Congress of the United States that the United States should regard it as an act of hostility to the government of the United States and an unfriendly act if this coalition or if any power of Europe ever undertook to establish upon the American Continent any control of  any American Republic or to acquire any territorial rights.    This is the so-called Monroe doctrine.    The threat under the secret treaty of Verona to suppress popular governments in the American Republics is the basis of the Monroe doctrine.    This secret treaty sets forth clearly the conflict between monarchial government and popular government and the government of the few as against the government of the many.    It is a part, in reality, of developing popular sovereignty when we demand for women equal rights to life, to liberty, to the possession of property, to an equal voice in the making of the laws and the administration of the laws.    This demand on the part of the women is made by men, and it ought to be made by men as well as by thinking, progressive women, as it will promote human liberty and human happiness.    I sympathize with it, and I hope that all parties will in the national conventions give their approval to this larger measure of liberty to the better half of the human race.

    6.  The experience we have had, has made us acquainted with the many advantages that have been taken by the Society of its intervention in the marriages of the House of Austria, and of those which have been effected in other kingdoms, France, Poland, and in various duchies.  Forasmuch assembling, proposing with prudence, selecting choice persons who may be friends and families of the relatives, and of the friends of the Society.    7.  It will be easy to gain the princesses, making use of their valets;  by that coming to feed and nourish with relations of friendship,  by being located at the entrance in all parts, and thus become acquainted with the most intimate secrets of the familiars.  Secret Instructions of The Company of Jesus:  Chapter II.

OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION & CONFEDERATE NAVIES, SERIES II, VOL.3

OFFICIAL RECORDS

OF THE

UNION & CONFEDERATE NAVIES

IN THE

WAR OF THE REBELLION

SERIES II, VOLUME 3

 

                 

                No. 66.]                                                   Rome, November, 1863

                Sir: As I expected at the date of my no. 65, I reached here on the 9th    instant, late in the afternoon.

                On the 11th, at half past 1 p.m., I sought and promptly obtained an interview with his Eminence, the Cardinal Secretary of State, Antonelli.  I at once explained to him the object of my mission to Rome and he instantly assured me that he would obtain for me an audiance of the sovereign Pontiff.     

                His Eminence then remarked that he would not withhold from me an expression of his unbounded admiration of the wonderful powers which we had exhibited in the field in resistance to a war which had been prosecuted with an energy, aided by the employment of all the recent improvements in the instruments for the destruction of life and property, unparalleled, perhaps, in the worlds history.  He asked me several questions with respect to President Davis, at the end of which he observed that he certainly had created for himself a name that would rank with those of the most illustrious statesmen of modern times.  He manifested an earnest desire for the definitive termination of hostilities, and observed that there was nothing the government of the Holy See could do with propriety to occasion such a result that it was not prepared to do.  I seized the utterance of this assurance to inform him that but for the European recruits received by the North, numbering annually something like 100,000, the Lincoln Administration; in all likelihood, would have been compelled some time before this to have retired from the contest, that nearly all those recruits were from Ireland, and that Christianity had cause to weep at such a fiendish destruction of life as occurred from the beguiling of those people from their homes to take up arms against citizens who had never harmed or wronged them in the slightest degree. He appeared to be touched by my statement, and intimated that an evil so disgraceful to humanity was not beyond the reach of a salutary remedy.

                His Eminence, after a short pause, took a rapid survey of the affairs of the nations of the earth, and drew a rather somber picture of the future, particularly of Europe.  He did not attempt to conceal his dislike of England, his want of sempathy with Russia, his distrust of any benefits which might be expected from the congress proposed by France.  "If old guaranties," said he, emphatically, "are of no value, new ones will be to feeble to resist expediency when sustained by might."

                This is but a short and otherwise imperfect outline of one of the most interesting official interviews I ever enjoyed, an interview which was of lengthened duration and marked from beginning to end with extreme cordiality and courtesy by the destinguished functionary by whom it was accorded.  I will add, lest I may not have been sufficiently explicit on that point, that it took place in his office in the Vatican, where he receives all the foreign ministers.

                I have the honor to be , sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

                                                                                                                                               A.  DUDLEY  MANN.                                                                     

                Hon.  J.  P.  BENJAMIN,   

                  Secretary of  State, C. S. A., Richmond, Va.

 

 

 

                                               

                                                                                   

  No. 67.]                                                                     Rome, November 14, 1863       

                Sir: At 3 o'clock on the afternoon of yesterday I received a formal notification that his Holiness would favor me with an audience, embracing my private secretary, Mr. W. Grayson Mann, to-day at 12 o'clock.

                I accordingly proceeded to the Vatican sufficiently early to enable me to reach there fifteen minutes in advance of the designated hour.  In five minutes afterwards-ten minutes prior to the appointed time-a message came from the sovereign Pontiff that he was ready to receive me, and I was accordingly conducted into his presence.

                His Holiness stated, after I had taken my stand near to his side, that he had been so afflicted by the horrors of the war in America that many months ago he had written to the Archbishops of New Orleans and New York to use all the influence that they could properly employ for terminating with as little delay as possible the deplorable state of hostilities; that from the former he had received no answer, but that he had heard from the latter and that his communication was not such as to inspire hopes that his ardent wishes would be speedily gratified.

                I then remarked that "it is to a sence of profound gratitude of the Executive of the Confederate States and of my countrymen, for the earnest manifestations which your Holiness made in the appeal referred to, that I am indebted for the destinguished honor for which I now enjoy.  President Davis has appointed me special envoy to convey in person to your holiness this letter, which, I trust, you will receive in a similar spirit to that which animated its author."  

                Looking for a moment at the address and afterwards at the seal of the letter, his Holiness took his scissors and cut the envelope.  Upon opening it he observed: "I see it is in English, a language which I do not understand."  I remarked: "If it will be agreeable to your holiness, my Secretary will translate its contents to you."  He replied: "I shall be pleased if he will do so."  The translation was rendered in a slow, solemn, and emphatic pronunciation.  During its progress, I did not cease for an instant to carefully survey the features of the sovereign Pontiff.  A sweeter expression of pious affection, of tender benignity, never adorned the face of mortal man.  No picture can adequitely represent him when exclusively absorbed in Christian contemplation. Every sentence of the letter seemed to sensibly affect him.   At the conclusion of each, he would lay his hand down upon the desk and bow his head approvingly.  When the passage was reached wherein the President states, in such sublime and affecting language, "We have offered up at the footstool of our Father who is in Heaven prayers inspired by the same feelings which animate your Holiness," his deep sunken orbs visibly moistened were upturned toward that throne upon which ever sits the Prince of Peace, indicating that his heart was pleading for our deliverance from that causeless and merciless war which is prosecuted against us.  The soul of infidelity--if, indeed, infidelity have a soul-- would have melted in view of so sacred a spectacle. 

                The emotion occasioned by the translation was succeded by a silence of some time.  At length his Holiness asked whether President Davis was a Catholic.  I answered in the negative.  He then asked if I was one.  I assured him that I was not. 

                His Holiness now stated, to use his own language, that "Lincoln & Co." had endeavored to create an impression abroad that they were fighting for the abolition of slavery, and that it might perhaps be judicious in us to consent to gradual emancipation.  I replied that the subject of slavery was one over which the Government of the Confederate States, like that of the old United States, had no control whatever; that all ameliorations with regard to the institution must proceed from the States themselves, which were as sovereign in their character in this regard as were France, Austria, or any other continental power; that true philanthropy shuddered at the thought of the liberation of the slave in the manner attempted by "Lincoln & Co."; that such a procedure would be practically to convert the well-cared-for civilized negro into a semibarbarian; that such of our slaves as had been captured or decoyed off by our enemy were in an incomparably worse condition than while they were in the service of their masters; that they wished to return to their old homes, the love of which was the strongest of their affections; that if, indeed, African slavery were an evil, there was a power which, in its own good time, would doubtless remove that evil in a more gentle manner than that of causing the earth to be deluged with blood for its sudden overthrow.

                His Holiness received these remarks with an approving expression. He then said that I had reason to be proud of the self- sacrificing devotion of my countrymen from the beginning to the cause for which they were contending.  "The most ample reason," I replied, "and yet, scarcely so much as of my countrywomen, whose patriotism, whose sorrows and privations, whose transformation in many instances from luxury to penury, were unparalleled and could not be adequetly described by any living language.  There they had been from the beginning--there they were still more resolute, if possible, than ever, emulating in devotion, earthly though it was in its character, those holy female spirits who were last at the cross.

                His Holiness received this statement with evident satisfaction, and then said: "I would like to do anything that can be effectively done, or that even promises good results, to aid in putting an end to this most terrible war, which is harming the good of all the earth, if I knew how to proceed."

                I availed myself of this declaration to inform his Holiness that it was not the armies of  Northern birth which the South was encountering in hostile array, but that it was the armies of European creation, occasioned by the Irish and Germans, chiefly by the former, who were influenced to emigrate (by circulars from "Lincoln & Co." to their numerous agents abroad) ostensibly for the purpose of securing high wages but in reality to fill up the constantly depleted ranks of our enemy; that those poor unfortunates were tempted by high bounties (amounting to $500, $600, and $700) to enlist and take up arms against us; that once in the service they were invariably placed in the most exposed points of danger in the battle field; that in consequence therof an instance had occurred in which an almost entire brigade had been left dead or wounded upon the ground; that but for foreign recruits the North would most likely have broken down months ago in the absurd attempt to overpower the South. 

                His Holiness expressed his utter astonishment, repeatedly throwing up his hands, at the employment of such means against us, and the cruelty attendant upon such unscrupulous operations.

                "But, your Holiness," said I, "Lincoln & Co. are even more wicked, if possible, in their ways than in decoying innocent Irishmen from homes to be murdered in cold blood.  Their champions, and would your Holiness believe it unless it were authoritatively communicated to you, their pulpit champions have boldly asserted as a sentiment:  'Greek fire for the families and cities of the rebels and hell fire for their chiefs.' "     

                His Holiness was startled at this information, and immediately observed: "Certainly no Catholic could reiterate so monstrous a sentiment."  I replied: "Assuredly not.  It finds a place exclusively in the hearts of the fiendish, vagrant, pulpit buffoons whose number is legion and who impiously undertake to teach the doctrines of Christ for ulterior sinister purposes."

                His Holiness now observed: "I will write a letter to President Davis, and of such a character that it may be published for general perusal."  I express my heartfelt gratification for the assertion of this purpose.  He then remarked, half inquiringly: "You will remain here for several months ?"  I, of course, could not do otherwise than answer in the affirmative.  Turning to my secretary, he asked several kind questions personal to himself and bestowed upon him a handsome compliment.  He then extended his hand as a signal for the end of the audience and I retired.

                Thus terminated one among the most remarkable conferences that ever a foreign representative had with a potentate of the earth.  And such a potentate!  A potentate who weilds the conciences of 175,000,000 of the civilized race, and who is adored by that immence number as the vice regent of Almighty God in this sublunary sphere. 

                How strikingly majestic the conduct of the government of the Pontifical State in its bearing toward me when contrasted with the sneaking subterfuges to which some of the governments of western Europe have had recourse in order to evade intercourse with our commissioners.  Here I was openly received by appointment at court in accordance with established usages and customs and treated from beginning to end with a consideration which might be enveid by the envoy of the oldest member of the family of nations.  The audience was of forty minutes duration, an unusually long one.               

                I have written this dispatch very hurriedly and fear that it will barely be in time for the monthly steamer which goes off from Liverpool with the mails from the Bahama Islands next Saturday.

                I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant.

                                                                                                                                              A.  DUDLEY  MANN.

                Hon.  J. P.  BENJAMIN,

                  Secretary of State, C. S. A., Richmond, Va.

 

 

 

 

 

 

No. 68.]                                                                                                                      Rome, November 21, 1863

                Sir: I confidently trust that my Nos. 66 and 67, giving detailed accounts of my audience with the sovereign pontiff and of my interview with the cardinal seceratary of state, will have been in your possession some days previous to the arrival of this.  Lest, however, they may have been delayed on their way to their destination, I will state that my reception at the Vatican was cordial in the broadest sence of the word, and that my mission has been as successful as the President could have possibly desired it to be.

                On the 19th I had a second interview with Cardinal Antonelli.  I intended it to be of short duration, but he became so much interested in the communications which I made to him that he prolonged it for nearly an hour.  He took the occasion to inform me, at the commencement that the acting representative of the United States had obtained an interview of him the day before to remonstrate against the facilities afforded by the government of the holy see to "Rebels" for entering and abiding in Rome; and that he, the cardinal, promptly replied that he intended to take such "Rebels" under his special protection, because it would be making exactions upon elevated humanity which it was incapable of concientiously complying with, to expect them to take an oath of allegiance to a country which they bitterly detested.  I may add, in this connection, that such passports as you may issue will receive the visa of the nuncio at Paris or Brussels, and that there is now nowhere that the nationality of a citizen of the Confederate States is not as much respected as that of the United States except in the dark hole of the North of Europe.

                We have been virtually, if not practically, recognized here.  While I was in the foreign office the day before yesterday, foreign ministers were kept waiting for a considerable length of time in the antechamber in order that my interview might not be disturbed.  Frequently the cardinal would take my hand between his and exclaim: "Mon cher your government has accomplished prodigies, alike in the cabinet and in the field."

                Antonelli is emphatically the State.  He is perhaps the very best informed statesman of his time.  His channels for obtaining intelligence from every quarter of the earth are more multifarious and reliable than even those of the French.  His worst enemies accord to him abilities of the very highest order.  They say that he is utterly unscrupulous as to the means which he employs, but that no other man could have saved the temporal power of the Pope.  He is bold, courageous, resolute, and is a great admirer of President Davis, because he is distinguished by those qualities, qualities which, if supported by good judgement, will, in his opinion, ever win the object to which they are devoted.

                Of course I can form no conjecture when the letter of his holiness to the President will be ready for delivery.  Weeks, perhaps months, may elapes first.  With my explanations to him upon the subject of slavery, I indulge the hope that he will not allude, hurtfully to us, to the subject.  As soon as I receive it I will endeavor to prevail with him to have the correspondence published in the official Journal here, or to give me permission to bring it out in the Paris Moniteur.  Its information would be powerful upon all the Catholic governments in both hemispheres, and I would return to Brussels and make an appeal to King Leopold to exert himself with Great Britain, Prusia, etc., in our behalf.  Thus I am exceedingly hopeful that before spring our independence will be generally acknowledged.  Russia alone will most probably stand aloof until we are recognized by the North, as she has now, at least ostensibly, identify her fortunes with that distracted and demon-like division of the old Union.

                So far my mission has not found its way into the newspapers.  I wish to keep it secret in order that the publication of the letters may, from the unexpectedness, cause a salutary sensation everywhere when it occurs.

                I have reason to believe that what I have said in high places in relation to Irish emigration to New York were words in season. 

                I have the honor to be sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

                                                                                                                                                 A.  DUDLEY  MANN.

                Hon.  J.  P.  BENJAMIN

                  Secretary  of  State,  C.  S.  A.,  Richmond,  Va.

 

 

 

                                                                         

 

No. 69.]                                                                                                                          Rome, December 9, 1863

                Sir: The cardinal secretary of state, Antonelli, officially transmitted to me yesterday the answer of the Pope to the President.                In the very direction of this communication there is a positive recognition of our government.        

                It is addressed "to the Illustrious and Honorable Jefferson Davis, President of ther Confederate States of America."                              

                Thus we are acknowledged, by as high an authority as this world contains, to be an independant power of the earth.      

                I congratulate you, I congratulate the President, I congratulate his cabinet; in short, I congratulate all my true-hearted countrymen and countrywomen, upon this benign event.  The hand of the Lord has been in it, and eternal glory and praise be to His holy and righteous name.      

                The document is in the latin language, as are all documents prepared by the Pope.  I can not incure the risk of its capture at sea, and, therefore, I shall retain it until I can convey it , with entire certainty, to the President.  It will adorne the archives of our country in all coming time.

                I expect to receive a copy of it in time for transmission by the steamer which carries this (via New York) at Nassau.

                I shall leave here by the 15th instant, and will proceed to Paris and from thence to Brussels and London.

                The example of the sovereign pontiff, if I am not much mistaken, will exercise a salutary influence upon both the Catholic and Protestant governments of western Europe.  Humanity will be aroused everywhere to the importance of its early emulation.    

                I have studiously endeavored to prevent the appearance of any telegraphic or other communications in the newspapers in relation to my mission.  The nature of it, however, is generally known in official circles here, and it has been mentioned in one or more journals.  The letters, in my opinion, ought to be officially published at Richmond, under a call for the correspondence by the one or the other branch of Congress.  In the mean time I shall communicate to the European press, probably through the London Times, the substance of those letters.

                I regard such a procedure as of primary importance in view of the interests of peace, and I am quite sure that the holy father would rejoice at seeing those interests benefited in this or any other effective manner.

                I have the honor to be, sir, very respectively, your obedient servant,

                                                                                                                                              A.  DUDLEY  MANN.

                Hon.  J. P.  BENJAMIN,

                  Secretary  of  State,  C. S. A.., Richmond, Va.

 

 

 

 

 

No. 70.]                                                                                                                          Rome, December 12, 1863

                Sir: Herewith I have the honor to transmit the copy sent to me yesterday of the orginal, in Latin, of the letter of the sovereign pontiff to President Davis.  I have taken a duplicate of it.  A period of more than a week elapsed between the date of the letter and the delivery of the copy.

                I shall repair to Paris immediately where, after conferring with Mr. Slidell and Mr. Mason (from each of whom I have just received the kindest of letters), I shall proceed to Brussels.  After a stay there of a day or two, I shall go to London.  The Christmas season will be a propitious period for exciting the sympathies of the British public in behalf of the sublime initiative of the Pope.  The people of England are never better in heart than during the joyous anniversary of the birth of Him whose cause was "Peace on earth, good will toward men."

                Strange to say, a recent number of the Court Journal of London contains one of the most beautiful encomiums ever written upon the eminent purity of character of his Holiness.

                I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

                                                                                                                                                  A.  DUDLEY  MANN.

                Hon.  J. P. BENJAMIN,

                  Secretary  of  State, C. S. A.., Richmond, Va.

 




  [TRANSLATION.]

Illustrious and honorable sir, greeting:

                We have lately received with all kindness, as was meet, the gentlemen sent by your Excellency to present to us your letter dated on the 23d of last September.  We have received certainly no small pleasure in learning both from these gentlemen and from your letter the feelings of gratification and of very warm appreciation with which you, illustrious and honorable sir, were moved when you first had knowledge written in October of the preceding year to the venerable brethren, John, archbishop of New York, and John, archbishop of New Orleans, in which we again and again urged and exhorted those venerable brethren that because of their exemplary piety and episcopal zeal they should employ their most earnest efforts, in our name also, in order that the fatal civil war which had arisen in the States should end, and that the people of America might again enjoy mutual peace and concord, and love each other with mutual charity. And it has been very gratifying to us to recognize, illustrious and honorable sir, that you and your people are animated by the same desire for peace and tranquility, which we had so earnestly inculcated in our aforesaid letters to the venerable brethren above named.  Oh, that the other people also of the States and their rulers, considering seriously how cruel and how deplorable is this intercine war, would receive and embrace the councels of peace and tranquility.  We indeed shall not cease with most fervent prayer to beseech God, the best and highest, and to implore Him to pour out the spirit of Christian love and peace upon all the people of America, and to rescue them from the great calamities with which they are afflicted.   And we also pray the same most merciful Lord that he will illumine your Excellency with the light of His devine grace and unite you with ourselves in perfect charity.

                Given at Rome at St. Peters on the 3d December, 1863, in the eighteenth year of our Pontificate.

                                                                               PIUS  P. P.  IX. Illustrious  and  Hon.  JEFFERSON DAVIS,

                                President of the Confederate States of America, Richmond.

 

Congressional Record - 62D Congress, 3d Session, House, Feb. 15th, 1913, pp3215-3216

JESUIT
Extreme Oath of Induction
as recorded in the Journals of the 62D Congress, 3d Session of the U.S.
(House Calendar No. 397. Report No. 1523)
Congressional Record---House, 15 Feb. 1913, pp3215-3216

I_______________ , now in the presence of Almighty God, the blessed Virgin Mary, the blessed St. John the Baptist, the Holy Apostles, St. Peter and St. Paul, and all the saints, sacred host of Heaven, and to you, my Ghostly Father, the superior general of the Society of Jesus, founded by St. Ignatius Loyoly, in the pontification of Paul the III, and continued to the present, do by the womb of the Virgin, the matrix of God, and the rod of Jesus Christ, declare and swear that His Holiness, the Pope, is Christ's vice regent and is the true and only head of the Catholic or Universal Church throughout the earth; and that by the virtue of the keys of binding and loosing given His Holiness by my Saviour, Jesus Christ, he hath power to depose heretical kings, princes, States, Commonwealths, and Governments and they may be safely destroyed. Therefore to the utmost of my power I will defend this doctrine and His Holiness's right and custom against all usurpers of the heretical or Protestant authority whatever, especially the Lutheran Church of Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, and the now pretended authority and Church's of England and Scotland, and the branches of same now established in Ireland and on the continent of America and elsewhere and all adherents in regard that they may be usurped and heretical, opposing the sacred Mother Church of Rome. I do now denounce and disown any allegiance as due to any heretical king, prince or State, named Protestant or Liberal, or obedience to any of their laws, magistrates or officers. I do further declare that the doctrine of the Churches of England and Scotland of the Calvinists, Huguenots, and others of the name of Protestants or Masons to be damnable, and they themselves to be damned who will not forsake the same. I do further declare that I will help, assist, and advise all or any of His Holiness's agents, in any place where I should be, in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Ireland or America, or in any other kingdom or territory I shall come to, and do my utmost to extirpate the heretical Protestant or Masonic doctrines and to destroy all their pretended powers, legal or otherwise. I do further promise and declare that, notwithstanding I am dispensed with to assume any religion heretical for the propogation of the Mother Church's interest; to keep secret and private all her agents counsels from time to time, as they intrust me, and not divulge, directly or indirectly, by word, writing or circumstances whatever, but to execute all that should be proposed, given in charge, or discovered unto me by you, my Ghostly Father, or any of this sacred order. I do further promise and declare that I will have no opinion or will of my own or any mental reservation whatever, even as a corpse or cadaver (perinde ac cadaver), but will unhesitatingly obey each and every command that I may receive from my superiors in the militia of the Pope and of Jesus Christ. That I will go to any part of the world whithersoever I may be sent, to the frozen regions north, jungles of India, to the centers of civilization of Europe, or to the wild haunts of the babarous savages of America without murmuring or repining, and will be submissive in all things whatsoever is communicated to me. I do further promise and declare that I will, when opportunity presents, make and wage relentless war, secretly and openly, against all heretics, Protestants and Masons, as I am directed to do, to extirpate them from the face of the whole earth; and that I will spare neither age, sex or condition, and that will hang, burn, waste, boil, flay, strangle, and bury alive these infamous heretics; rip up the stomachs and wombs of their women, and crush their infant's heads against the walls in order to annihilate their execrable race. That when the same cannot be done openly I will secretly use the poisonous cup, the strangulation cord, the steel of the poniard, or the leaden bullet, regardless of the honor, rank, dignity or authority of the persons, whatever may be their condition in life, either public or private, as I at any time may be directed so to do by any agents of the Pope or Superior of the Brotherhood of the Holy Father of the Society of Jesus. In confirmation of which I hereby dedicate my life, soul, and all corporal powers, and with the dagger which I now receive I will subscribe my name written in my blood in testimony thereof; and should I prove false or weaken in my determination may my brethren and fellow soldiers of the militia of the Pope cut off my hands and feet and my throat from ear to ear, my belly opened and sulpher burned therin with all the punishment that can be inflicted upon me on earth and my soul shall be tortured by demons in eternal hell forever. That I will in voting always vote for a Knight of Columbus in preference to a Protestant, especially a Mason, and that I will leave my party so to do; that if two Catholics are on the ticket I will satisfy myself which is the better supporter of Mother Church and vote accordingly. That I will not deal with or employ a Protestant if in my power to deal with or employ a Catholic. That I will place Catholic girls in Protestant families that a weekly report may be made of the inner movements of the heretics. That I will provide myself with arms and ammunition that I may be in readiness when the word is passed, or I am commanded to defend the church either as an individual or with the militia of the Pope. All of which I,_______________, do swear by the blessed Trinity and blessed sacrament which I am now to receive to perform and on part to keep this my oath. In testimony hereof, I take this most holy and blessed sacrament of the Eucharist and witness the same further with my name written with the point of this dagger dipped in my own blood and seal in the face of this holy sacrament.

Congressional Record, Feb. l5th, 1913, Page 3216

KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS
 SECRET OATH


“I”_________, now in the presence of Almighty God, the blessed Virgin Mary, the holy apostles, St. Paul and St. Peter, and all the Saints, sacred host of heaven, and to you, my Ghostly Father, the superior general of the society of Jesus, founded by St. Ignatius Loyola in the pontification of Paul the III, and continued to the present, do by the womb of the Virgin, the matrix of God, and the rod of Jesus Christ, declare and swear, that his Holiness the Pope, is Christ's vice-regent, and the true and only head of the Catholic or Universal Church, throughout the earth; and that by virtue of the keys of binding and loosing given his holiness by my Savior, Jesus Christ, he hath power to depose heretical kings, princes, States, and governments that they may be safely destroyed. Therefore, to the utmost of my power I will defend this doctrine and his Holiness' right and custom against all usurpers of the heretical or Protestant authority whatever, especially, the Lutheran Church of Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway and the new pretended authority and churches of England and Scotland, and the branches of same now established in Ireland, and on the continent of America and elsewhere, and all adherents in regard that they may be usurped and heretical, opposing the sacred Mother Church of Rome.

"I do now denounce and disown allegiance as due to any heretical king, prince or State, named Protestant or Liberals, or obedience to any of their laws, magistrates or officers.

"I do further declare, that I will help, assist and advise all or any of his Holiness’ agents, in any place where I should be, in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Ireland or America, or in any other kingdom or territory I shall come to, and do my utmost to extirpate the heretical Protestant or Masonic Doctrine, and to destroy all their pretended powers, legal or otherwise.

"I do further promise and declare that, notwithstanding I am dispensed with to assume any religion heretical for the propagation of the Mother Church’s interest; to keep secret and private all her agent's counsels from time to time, as they entrust me, and not divulge, directly or indirectly, by word, writing or circumstances whatever, but to execute all that should be proposed, given in charge, or discovered unto me, by any Ghostly Father or any of this sacred order.

"I do further promise and declare that I will have no opinion or will of my own or any mental reservations, whatsoever even as a corpse or cadaver (Perinde ac cadaver,) but will unhesitatingly obey each and every command that I may receive from my superiors in the militia of the Pope and of Jesus Christ.

'That I will go to any part of the world whithersoever I may be sent, to the frozen regions of the North to the burning sands of the desert of Africa, or to the jungles of India, to the centers of civilization of Europe, or to the wild haunts of the barbarous savages of Africa, without murmuring or repining, and will be submissive in all things whatsoever that are communicated to me.

"I do further promise and declare that I will, when opportunity presents, make and wage relentless war, secretly and openly, against all heretics, Protestants and Masons, as I am directed to do, to extirpate them from the face of the whole earth, and that I will spare neither age, sex or condition, and that I will burn, hang, waste, boil, flay, strangle and bury alive those infamous heretics; rip up the stomachs and wombs of the women, and crush their infants’ heads against the walls, in order to annihilate their execrable race.  That when the same cannot be done openly, I will secretly use the poisonous cup, the strangulation cord, the steel of the poniard, or the leaden bullet, regardless of the homer, rank, dignity or authority of the persons, whatever be their condition in life, either public or private, as I at any time may be directed so to do by any agent of the Pope, or Superior of the Brotherhood of the Holy Father of the Society of Jesus.

"In confirmation of which I hereby dedicate my life, soul and all corporal powers and with the dagger which I now receive I will subscribe my name written in my blood in testimony, thereof; and should I prove false or weaken in my determination, may my brethren and fellow soldiers of the militia of the Pope, cut off my hands and my feet and my throat from ear to ear, my belly open and sulphur burn therein with the punishment that can be inflicted upon me on earth and my soul shall be tortured by demons in eternal hell forever.

"That I will in voting, always vote for a Knight of Columbus in preference to a Protestant, especially a Mason, and that I will leave my party so to do; that if two Catholics are on the ticket I well satisfy myself which is the better supporter of the Mother Church and vote accordingly.

“That I will not deal with or employ a Protestant if in my power to deal with or employ a Catholic.  That I will place Catholic girls in Protestant families, that a weekly report may be made of the inner movements of the heretics.

"That I will provide myself with arms and ammunition that I may be in readiness when the word is passed, or I am commanded to defend the church either as an individual or with the militia of the Pope.

“All of which I' _____________ ,  do swear by the blessed Trinity and the blessed Sacrament which I am to receive to perform and on my part to keep my oath.”

“In testimony whereof, I take this most holy and blessed Sacrament of the Eucharist, and witness the same further, with my name written with the point of this dagger, dipped in my own blood, and seal, in the face of this Holy Sacrament.”

Signature  ___________________ 
 

(Copied from Congressional Record of Feb. l5, 1913, Page 3216.)

THE CHRISTMAS LIE: It's Bigger Than You Think

INTRO    THE STORY    THE REASON     THE CHRIST     THE MASS    THE SAINT     THE TREE    THE CHURCH     THE GOSPEL    THE MAGIC   THE SPIRIT     THE JOY     THE SCROOGE     YES VIRGINIA    THE GRINCH   THE WAR