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THE CHRISTMAS LIE: It's Bigger Than You Think

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MEANING OF THE NAME "SIXTUS"

 
 
 

BIBLICAL REFERENCES

Rev 13:18  Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. – KJV

Rev 13:18 In this is wisdom. The one that has understanding will use pebbles (to enumerate) the number of the beast. It is the number of a man. And his number is 666. – Retranslation (Textus Receptus)
 

MEANING OF THE NAME "SIXTUS"

 

COUNTER-REFORMATIONIST CLAIMS

There are 5 implicit/explicit claims set forth in the above statement:


1. "Sixtus" has nothing to do with "Sextus"

2. Because it was "derived" from "Xystus" 

3. (which was derived from "Xustos") 

4.  which meant "Polished"

5.  [Therefore: "Sixtus" means "Polished"]


And as you will see, all five of these Explicit/Implicit claims concerning the name "Sixtus" are either partially, or completely false, and are misrepresented to the public. The fact this distortion of language and history, was allowed to remain on Wikipedia as it's article on this topic, reflects very poorly on Wikipedia. (And those who cite it, are spreading a carefully crafted lie)


The above article in Wikipedia, was crafted to REPLACE an original article.  It is not the actual original article.  The original article, as you are about to see, was true and accurate, and there was really nothing controversial about it for years, until... (it began to be cited)


The original article said this...


"Sixtus was a Roman name, originally meaning "sixth (child)", but later being used for any child regardless of order."



Why the change ?

 

BACKGROUND

In an attempt to distance the name "Sixtus" from the meaning of "Sixth", counter-reformationist sources, routinely claim that the name "Sixtus" (which actually contains the word "Six" within it), does not mean "Sixth".  It comes from the name "Xystus" and therefore means "polished" (not "sixth").  (Otherwise it produces "Sixtus III", which WOULD MEAN "Sixth 3")  Thus the "need" for the change in the Wikipedia article, and the new narrative about it's etymology.

While it is true, that the name "Xystus" became associated with the name "Sixtus" (as a result of the Roman Catholic Church), it is not true that "Sixtus" means "Xystus" (which then means "polished"). That claim is patently false. "Xystus" and "Sixtus" were either two different names, that ended up on the same Popes, who were given both names. (By the Roman Catholic church itself, ironically) Or they referred to the same thing all along, from the beginning (and that was "Sixth). (And those are the only two options available)

Counter reformationists have entered the false claim that "Sixtus" means "polished", wherever there are "user input" interfaces on the internet to do so, in an attempt to "create" a false perception in the public, that "Sixtus" has nothing to do with "Six".  (Despite it's obvious appearances philologically, and it's history etymologically, to the contrary)

The above fallacious statement in Wikipedia concerning the meaning of the name Sixtus, is cited all over the internet (including in some websites entitling themselves as reference sources), despite the fact, the statement itself, is patently inaccurate.

On this page, the subject of the "Origin", "Etymology" and the "Meaning" of the name "Sixtus" is reviewed and sourced for reference. And as it will be shown, those who are falsely propagating the idea that "Sixtus" means "Polished" are spreading a "lie". It may be unintentional and without malice, as a result of being victimized by disinformation themselves, but it is a lie none-the-less. (And should be "called out" for what it is, whenever and wherever spotted)

NOTE: There have been 5 Popes named "Sixtus". The third Pope "Sixtus"  (Sixtus III) would ironically match John's prophecy about a Roman ruler who would come by the name of 3 sixes. (Rev.13:18)  And thus the attempt to hide the meaning of this name, by "counter-reformation" sources.
 

"SIXTUS" MEANS "SIXTH"

 

IN NAME DICTIONARIES AND LEXICONS THE NAME "SIXTUS" MEANS "SIXTH"

 

NAMEBERRY.COM

Quote: "The name "Sixtus" is a boy’s name of Latin origin meaning “sixth born”." End Quote.


https://nameberry.com/babyname/Sixtus

 

THINKBABYNAMES.COM

Quote: "Sixtus as a boys name is of Latin origin, and the meaning of Sixtus is “Sixth”. See Sextus."  End quote.

 

NAME-DOCTOR.COM

Quote: This name derives from the Latin personal name “Sextus”, meaning the “the sixth born”, which was originally given to the sixth child of the family… End quote.

 

THENAMESDICTIONARY.COM

Quote: ““Sixtus” means "born sixth"”. End quote.

 

BABYFAMILYNAMES.COM

Quote: “Latin boy name Sixtus. It’s a Latin name. This name means, born Sixth.” End Quote.

 

PREGNOLOGY.COM

Quote: “Meaning of Sixtus. Sixtus is a Latin name. The meaning is “sixth”." End Quote.

 

BABY-NAMES-MEANINGS.COM

 

Quote: “Meaning of name Sixtus. Latin: Born Sixth.” End Quote.

 

THEBUMP.COM

Quote: “Sixtus as a boys name is of Latin origin and the meaning of Sixtus is “sixth”.” End Quote.

 

MEANINGOFTHENAME.COM

Quote: “In Latin, the name Sixtus means: born Sixth.” End Quote.

 

BABYNOLOGY.COM

Quote: “Sixtus meaning. Born Sixth.” End Quote.

 
 

THE NAME "SIXTUS" MEANS "SIXTH" - EVEN ACCORDING TO CATHOLIC SOURCES

 

ASKACATHOLIC.COM

Ask A Catholic dot com, which subtitles it’s page with the statement,


Quote. A faithful resource for anyone seeking to learn the truth about the Church and her teaching, End Quote. 


Shows a question, posted by someone named Sixtus Ughamadu, who asks the site, 


Quote:


"Can you tell me the real meaning of the name Sixtus, because that is my name. I come from a strong Catholic family ,and I was told, the name was given to me by my late grandfather during my birth."


End Quote.


Mary Ann replied.


Quote.


"Hi Sixtus, Well, it is Latin, and means Sixth. It is also the name of one of the earliest Popes. The name is in the ancient Roman Eucharist prayer of the mass."


End Quote.


Below that answer, on that same page, someone named Mike, replies. 


Quote.


"I just wanted to add to my colleague’s answer. There have been five popes who have taken the name Sixtus. Why Sixtus? Well, it appears that Sixtus (the first) was the sixth successor to Saint Peter. The other Popes probably took the name Sixtus, in honor of the first Sixtus, one of their predecessors."


End Quote.

 

IT'S USE BY CATHOLICS

 

And this article from July 5th, 2017, in the Guardian, reported that Britain’s conservative Catholic member of Parliament, Jacob Reese Mogg, named his sixth child, Sixtus. In keeping with the tradition of the name.

 

IT'S "ORIGIN" ACCORDING TO CATHOLIC SOURCES

 

POPEHISTORY.COM

The Catholic website, Pope History dot com, explains the Catholic origin of this name Sixtus as well. 


Quote.


"Pope St. Sixtus I was a Roman man and the seventh leader of the Church. He was the first pope to choose the Sixtus name, though five other men would later choose this name. Sixtus I also later became a saint in the Catholic Church."


"Born as Xstus, Pope Sixtus I would also use the Sixtus name during his time before joining the Church. Roman by birth, he began helping the Church at a young age."


"The Catholic Church identifies Pope Sixtus I as a saint."


"He was born circa 42 and known as both Sixtus and Xystus in his early years."


"Early Church records list his name as Xstus and give this same name to the next two popes who used the Sixtus name. Some believe that he used the name Xstus during his papacy and that the Church gave him the Sixtus name as he was the sixth pope after Peter. Sixtus means sixth."


End Quote.

 

THE "ETYMOLOGY" OF THE NAME "SIXTUS" MEANS "SIXTH"

 

To understand the etymology of the name, historically, it must be traced across several different languages. From English to Spanish to Italian and to Latin and Greek, because the name Sixtus, appears in all these different languages with spelling variants created by the different languages. 


In English, German and Latin, the name Sixtus remains unchanged and continued forward as a spelling variant of Sextus. But in Italian and Spanish, it became Sesto for Sextus, and Sisto for Sixtus. These were spelling variants for the same name. Sisto becoming famous for it’s use in naming the Sistine chapel, in the Vatican, which means pertaining to Sixtus.

 

ANCESTRY.COM

This etymology, is also reported by Ancestry dot com, for the family name Six. 

Quote: “Six name meaning. French and German from a personal name, Latin Sixtus, a variant of Sextus, Sixth, born. Borne by various saints and popes in the early centuries of the Christian era, and subsequently adopted in their honor.” End Quote.

 

And the same etymology, is reported by Ancestry.com for the family name of Sisto, as used in the naming of the Sistine chapel.

Quote: “ Italian. Mainly Southern. From the personal name, Sisto. A variant of Sesto. Latin Sixtus, Sextus, meaning Sixth, born.” End Quote.

 

Ancestry.com reports its source as the Dictionary of American Family Names published by Oxford Press in 20 13.

 

FAMILYEDUCATION.COM

The website Family Education dot com also reports under the name “Sixtus”, under the title of family name origins and meaning that…

Quote: "French and German. From a personal name, (Latin Sixtus, a variant of Sextus, Sixth (born)."  End Quote

 
 

WORDREFERENCE.COM

The website, word reference dot com, under it’s article on the name Sistine, and in the Sistine chapel, gives the etymology for the word as being derived from Sixtus, and Sixtus being a spelling variant of Sextus.

Quote: "Sistine. Definition number 1. Of, or pertaining to any Pope named Sixtus. Also Sixtine. Etymology. Latin Sextus. (Medieval Latin Sixtus). Special use of Sextus sixth). Italian Sistino, Pertaining to Sisto, a man’s name." End Quote.

Word reference dot com also gives the meaning of the name medieval latin name Sixtus, to be sixth, and states it is a variant spelling of the original Latin name Sextus.

 

WORDNIK.COM

The website Word Nick dot com, under its article on the name Sistine, as in the Sistine chapel, gives the Etymology for the word Sistine as follows,

Quote.


"Italian sistino, from New Latin sixtīnus, from Medieval Latin Sixtus, the name of several popes, from Latin Sextus, Roman praenomen, from sextus, sixth; see SEXT"


End Quote.

 

AMERICAN HERITAGE DICTIONARY, 4th ED (ONLINE)

The American Heritage Dictionary, under it’s article on the name Sistine, as in the Sistine chapel, states...

Quote.


"Italian sistino, from New Latin sixtīnus, from Medieval Latin Sixtus, the name of several popes, from Latin Sextus, Roman praenomen, from sextus, sixth; see SEXT"


End Quote.

 

THE ONLINE ETYMOLOGY DICTIONARY

The online Etymology Dictionary reports, under it’s etymology of the name Sistine, that...

 

Quote:


Sistine. Adjective. 1769.



 Literally, pertaining to



 Pope Sixtus, from Italian,



 Sistino, from Sixtus,




the name of 5 Popes,



from Latin Sextus, Sixth.




 See Sextus



End Quote.

 
 

CONCLUSION

So you see, when counter-reformationists plaster the word “polished” on the internet as the meaning of the name Sixtus, and make the ridiculous statement that it is not to be confused with the Roman Praenomen Sextus, which is literally stated verbatim in the actual Etymology of the word, they are simply bold faced lying, to the public, in order to to hide the truth.


The name Sextus, the Old Latin version, was written as Sixtus in Medieval Latin, and Sisto, as in the Sistine chapel, later in Italian. It’s all the same name, with the same meaning, the ordinal number, “Sixth”. As in the meaning of “Sixth born”.


And as such, especially given the rest of the prophecies in Revelation chapter 13, does fulfill John’s prophecy concerning the coming of a man by the name of 3 sixes, written out 666. To be enumerated, not “calculated”.


Sixtus, really does mean “Sixth”, precisely as it looks to be, in it's syllabic grammar. 

 
 
 

THE UNAVOIDABLE TRUTH

 

Counter-reformationists who have decided to crusade the internet's reference sources with the claim that "Sixtus" means "Polished" are doing a diservice to the public.  And the truth of the matter is, that even if you accepted every claim they make concerning how the word "Sixtus" came into being, it still does not change the meaning of the name "Sixtus" (which means "Sixth").  The first scenario is that it is the origin of the name "Sixtus". But in that case, since the term became "Sixtus" in Medieval Latin (and meant "Sixth"), then that demonstrates it's use in Latin was considerably different than it's use in Greek.


The same word can exist in two different languages, with very different meanings. The English word "Fart" refers to flatulence in American English. But in Danish, it means "Speed", and is found on signs along public highways, as "Fart kontrol" (meaning "Speed limit"). Same word with the very same spelling, "fart". Yet, two very different meanings.


Sixtus I was not a "Greek". He was a Roman, and spoke Latin. His parents, who were also Romans, named him "Xystus" within a Latin speaking culture.  Whatever "Xystus" meant to them, it meant to them, from within the Latin language. Not Greek. So citing the definition of a far removed, Greek root word, is clearly a "stretch". And not to mention, that it is a "stretch" that is not even accepted by linguists who study this subject professionally. (As you saw above)


There is no evidence, that the name "Xystus", thus the name "Sixtus" meant "polished" to Latins (of Pope Sixtus's time).  Unless you are willing to assert the rediculous notion that Romans were in the habit of ignoring their standard naming conventions when it came uniquely to their sixth child, and naming their "sixth child", by an ancient "Greek" root-word name, that meant "Polished" ???? 

In terms of "Etymology", "Xystus" shows up as a predecessor name to "Sixtus". If this was due to "Xystus" receiving the name "Sixtus" as an ecclesiastical (i.e., Papal) name, then the original meaning would be a moot point anyway.  And since this is the claim, it makes "origin arguments" concerning "Sixtus", completely irrelevent.


Or if it were a predecessor variant of Sextus, as the "professional etymologies" suggest, then the correct definition of it's use in Latin would have to be consistent with how the name was used. It wasn't used to name babies because they were "polished". (And just all incidentally happen to have been born "Sixth"). It was used to name the "sixth" baby.


But in neither scenario, is the meaning of the name "Sixtus" effectively different. It still remains "Sixth" (in either case) as it's definition. Precisely as it is reflected in professional etymologies.


No matter which scenario you wish to argue occurred in the development of the name "Sixtus", there is no "scenario" in which the manner in which the name "Sixtus" developed, would magically revert it's meaning back to 450 years earlier, across two levels of foreign language, to an antiquated usage, that meant "polished". 

 
 

P.S. Not that it is even actually relevent what "Xystus" meant, but, it is neither the Greek word for "Polished" (as is often claimed), nor is that what the Greek word "xystus" referred to, in the time period in question. You have to literally ignore the actual meaning of the Greek word, to get to an etymological root, that means "Polished" (& "Scraped"), because the Greek word, "xystus", as used within the historical period in question, actually already had a clearly defined real "meaning", of it's own. (And it wasn't "polished")


So, when counter reformationists are citing the word "polished", to deceptively erase the meaning "Sixth",  by connecting the name "Sixtus" to "Xystus", they are using the etymology, behind an etymology, of a root word, to get to the meaning of "polished" (which "xystus" did not even actually mean). (They are skipping everything in the middle) to get to an antiquated origin, "meaning", that was not even in use, at the time, any Pope "Sixtus/Xystus" actually lived in history.  (In other words, the claim is a fabrication)

 

MERRIAM-WEBSTER DICTIONARY

 

DEFINITION OF "XYSTUS"


QUOTE:


A long and open portico used especially by ancient Greeks or Romans for athletic exercises in wintry or stormy weather. Sometimes: a walk lined with treee.


END QUOTE.

 
 

"SIXTUS" MEANS "POLISHED" - TEST THAT THEORY

 

If ignoring the meaning of a word based on it's current cultural usage, and replacing that meaning with it's seminal "root" word meaning, is a correct way to "interpret" what a word means, then that principle should work, universally, as applied to all words.  It should "work" for "Sixtus", just like it does for common words we use today , like "avocado","mortgage", "nice" and "cloud" .


These are common every day words in our vocabulary. Everyone knows what they mean. You don't even have to consult a dictionary to get some very precise definition because they are so familiar. But if you went into the future 1800 years from now, and applied the "Sixtus" means "polished" technique to these words, you would end up with some very strange "interpretations" of common speech.


Why is that? Because "root words" are often formed through some very strange culturally specific associations.  They do not always "illuminate" the "real meaning" of a name or a word.  "Current" usage, should never be dismissed, in understanding the meaning of words, or names.  Because that is the "context" of how they are actually used in a culture. And as you saw above, the Danes have not marked their highways with signs about "flatulence". (Even though everyone in America knows what "Fart" means)

 
 

CITE THIS PAGE

Next time you run into the claim that "Sixtus" means "Polished", link your readers to this page.

https://www.christmasisalie.com/library-15